Euphorinae

Euphorus sp., from the Biodiversity Institute of Ontario.


Belongs within: Braconidae.

The Euphorinae are a diverse group of endoparasitic braconid wasps, attacking insects belonging to a range of orders including Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Heteroptera and Orthoptera. They are somewhat unusual in that they often attack adult hosts, though some species attack larvae (Achterberg 1993). Members of the Euphorinae have forewings with a curved RS vein and vein Cu1b unsclerotised or absent. The tribe Cosmophorini includes unusual species with antennae inserted on a strongly protruding shelf, and a back-slanted labium, that parasitise adults of wood-boring Scolytinae beetles (Achterberg 1993).

<==Euphorinae
    |--Cosmophorus [Cosmophorini] A93
    |    |--C. cembrae A93
    |    `--C. klugii A93
    |--Meteorini [Meteorinae] A93
    |    |--Zele deceptor A93
    |    |--Aridelus R70
    |    `--Meteorus A93
    |         |--M. brunnipes MS01
    |         `--M. gyrator A93
    |--Centistini A93
    |    |--Pygostolus sticticus A93
    |    |--Centistoides doesburgi A93
    |    `--Centistes A93
    |         |--C. ater A93
    |         `--C. rufithorax MB93
    `--Euphorini A93
         |--Proclithrophorus mandibularis A93
         |--Ussuraridelus minutus A93
         `--Euphorus A93
              |--E. pallidipes MS01
              |--E. pallidistigma A93
              `--E. picipes MS01

Euphorinae incertae sedis:
  Microctonus A71
  Syntretus A71
  Perilitus A71
    |--P. coccinellae A71
    `--P. morabinarum R96
  Leiophron A71
    |--L. apicalis A71
    |--L. heterocordyli A71
    `--L. orthotyli A71
  Euphoriella NL07
  Eadya N91
  Dinocampus coccinellae N91, S07
  Stenothremma N91

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A93] Achterberg, C. van. 1993. Illustrated key to the subfamilies of the Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea). Zoologische Verhandelingen 283: 1–189.

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[MB93] Malecki, R. A., B. Blossey, S. D. Hight, D. Schroeder, L. T. Kok & J. R. Coulson. 1993. Biological control of purple loosestrife. BioScience 43 (10): 680–686.

[MS01] Mocsáry, A., & V. Szépligeti. 1901. Hymenopterák [Hymenopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 121–169. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[N91] Naumann, I. D. 1991. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants, sawflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 916–1000. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[NL07] New, T. R., & C. Lienhard. 2007. The Psocoptera of Tropical South-east Asia. Brill: Leiden.

[R96] Rentz, D. 1996. Grasshopper Country: The abundant orthopteroid insects of Australia. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

[R70] Riek, E. F. 1970. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 867–959. Melbourne University Press.

[S07] Ślipiński, A. 2007. Australian Ladybird Beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae): Their biology and classification. Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra.

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