Female Aphidius ervi ovipositing in aphid, copyright Alex Wild.

Belongs within: Ichneumonoidea.

The Aphidiinae are a group of braconid wasps endoparasitic on adult and nymphal aphids, characterised by a smooth scutellar sulcus. Species of the genus Aphidius and Trioxys have been used as biological control agents. Aphidiines are divided between the Ephedrini, in which the forewing has vein SR1 complete and the marginal cell closed, and the Aphidiini in which the marginal cell is open (Achterberg 1993).

<==Aphidiinae [Aphidiidae] A93
    |--Ephedrini A93
    |    |--Ephedrus plagiator A71
    |    `--Parephedrus relictus A93
    `--Aphidiini A93
         |--Aclitis obscuripennis A93
         `--Aphidius A93
              |--A. colemani PK17
              |--A. ervi A93
              |--A. fabarum [=Lysiphlebus fabarum] A71
              |--A. rhopalosiphi BRL07
              `--A. rosae MS01

Aphidiinae incertae sedis:
  Paralipsis enervis A71
  Monoctonus paludum A71
  Lysiphlebus testaceipes WFS04
  Praon C81
    |--P. abjectum A71
    `--P. exsoletum C81
  Trioxys C81
    |--T. angelicae A71
    |--T. complanatus C81
    `--T. pallidus C81
  Praeaphidius macrophthalmus RJ93

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A93] Achterberg, C. van. 1993. Illustrated key to the subfamilies of the Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea). Zoologische Verhandelingen 283: 1–189.

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[BRL07] Bostanian, N. J., G. Racette & N. Larocque. 2007. The toxicity of several pesticides to predacious mites found in Quebec apple orchards. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 319–324. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[C81] Caltagirone, L. E. 1981. Landmark examples in classical biological control. Annual Review of Entomology 26: 213–232.

[MS01] Mocsáry, A., & V. Szépligeti. 1901. Hymenopterák [Hymenopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 121–169. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[PK17] Peters, R. S., L. Krogmann, C. Mayer, A. Donath, S. Gunkel, K. Meusemann, A. Kozlov, L. Podsiadlowski, M. Petersen, R. Lanfear, P. A. Diez, J. Heraty, K. M. Kjer, S. Klopfstein, R. Meier, C. Polidori, T. Schmitt, S. Liu, X. Zhou, T. Wappler, J. Rust, B. Misof & O. Niehuis. 2017. Evolutionary history of the Hymenoptera. Current Biology 27 (7): 1013–1018.

[RJ93] Ross, A. J., & E. A. Jarzembowski. 1993. Arthropoda (Hexapoda; Insecta). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 363–426. Chapman & Hall: London.

[WFS04] Winks, C. J., S. V. Fowler & L. A. Smith. 2004. Invertebrate fauna of boneseed, Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. monilifera (L.) T. Norl. (Asteraceae: Calenduleae), an invasive weed in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 27: 61–72.

Last updated: 27 January 2019.

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