Argiope

Wasp spider Argiope bruennichi, copyright Cinnamologus.


Belongs within: Araneidae.

Argiope, St Andrew's cross spiders, is a genus of often large and colourfully striped orbweb spiders that derive their vernacular name from their habit of sitting in the web with the front and rear pairs of legs each closely held, radiating to form an overall X arrangement.

Characters (from Doleschall 1859, as section Argyopes of genus Epeira): Usually furry, ornately coloured. Cephalothorax very flat, anteriorly narrow. Anterior median eyes nearer to each other than are the posterior median eyes. Abdomen ovoid, flat-topped, angular. Legs moderately prolonged, radially extended at rest.

<==Argiope Audouin 1826 [Argiopinae] FS09
    |--*A. lobata (Pallas 1772) [=Aranea lobata] G76
    |--A. aemula K92
    |--A. aetherea (Walck. 1837) [=Epeira aetherea] R13
    |--A. amoena Koch 1878 B11
    |--A. anasuja Thor. 1887 K92
    |--A. argentata (Fabricius 1775) Z02
    |--A. aurantia Lucas 1833 B11
    |--A. australis JD-S07
    |--A. bruennichi (Scopoli 1772) G76
    |--A. catenulata (Doleschall 1859) K92, D59 [=Epeira catenulata K92]
    |--A. crenulata (Doleschall 1857) [=Epeira (Argyopes) crenulata] D57
    |--A. curvipes Koch & Keyserling 1886 KK84
    |--A. fasciata (Hentz 1847) [=Epeira fasciata; incl. A. plana Koch 1867, A. transversa Emerton 1884] KK84
    |--A. katherina Levi 1983 GA11
    |--A. keyserlingi (Karsch 1878) B96
    |--A. leopardina Pocock 1898 R13
    |--A. luzona (Walckenaer 1841) AM11
    |--A. mammillaris (Stoliczka 1869) [=Epeira (Argyopes) mammillaris] S69
    |--A. minuta Karsch 1879 AM11
    |--A. ornata Simon 1884 K92
    |--A. pelewensis Koch & Keyserling 1886 KK84
    |--A. picta (K. 1871) [incl. A. principalis K. 1871] R13
    |--A. plagiata Karsch 1892 K92
    |--A. protensa FF99
    |--A. pulchella (Thorell 1881) HU08
    |--A. radon Levi 1983 GA11
    |--A. reinwardtii (Doleschall 1859) [=Epeira reinwardtii; incl. A. doleschallii Thorell 1873] T94
    |--A. savignyi Levi 1968 B11
    |--A. stellata (Stoliczka 1869) [=Epeira (Argyopes) stellata] S69
    |--A. striata Doleschall 1857) [=Epeira (Argyopes) striata] D57
    |--A. taprobanica Thor. 1887 K92
    |--A. trifasciata (Doleschall 1857) [=Epeira (Argyopes) trifasciata] D57
    |--A. trivittata Karsch 1892 K92
    `--A. versicolor (Doleschall 1859) [=Epeira versicolor] K92

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[AM11] Araujo, D., V. F. Mattos, A. M. Giroti, M. G. Kraeski, L. S. Carvalho & A. D. Brescovit. 2011. Cytogenetical characterization of six orb-weaver species and review of cytogenetical data for Araneidae. Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 337–344.

[B11] Blackledge, T. A. 2011. Prey capture in orb weaving spiders: are we using the best metric? Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 205–210.

[B96] Brunet, B. 1996. Spiderwatch: A Guide to Australian Spiders. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

[D57] Doleschall, C. L. 1857. Bijdrage tot de kennis der Arachniden van den Indischen Archipel. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië, series 3, 3 (5–6): 399–434, plates 1–2.

[D59] Doleschall, C. L. 1859. Tweede Bijdrage tot de kennis der Arachniden van den Indischen Archipel. Verhandelingen der Natuurkundige Vereeniging in Nederlandsch Indie [Acta Societatis Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae] 5 (5): 1–60, plates 1–18.

[FF99] Forster, R., & L. Forster. 1999. Spiders of New Zealand and their World-wide Kin. University of Otago Press: Dunedin (New Zealand).

[FS09] Framenau, V. W. & N. Scharff. 2009. Cyrtobill darwini, a new species in a new orb-weaving spider genus from Australia (Araneae: Araneidae: Cyrtophorinae). Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (3): 315–328.

[G76] Grasshoff, M. 1976. Zur Taxonomie und Nomenklatur mitteleuropäischer Radnetzspinnen der Familie Araneidae (Arachnida: Araneae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 57 (1–3): 143–154.

[GA11] Gregorič, M., I. Agnarsson, T. A. Blackledge & M. Kuntner. 2011. Darwin's bark spider: giant prey in giant orb webs (Caerostris darwini, Araneae: Araneidae)? Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 287–295.

[HU08] Hore, U., & V. P. Uniyal. 2008. Diversity and composition of spider assemblages in five vegetation types of the Terai Conservation Area, India. Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 251–258.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R. & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[K92] Karsch, F. 1892. Arachniden von Ceylon und von Minikoy gesammelt von den Herren Doctoren P. und F. Sarasin. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 36 (2): 267–310.

[KK84] Koch, L., & E. Keyserling. 1884–1890. Die Arachniden Australiens nach der Natur beschrieben und abgebildet vol. 2. Bauer & Raspe: Nürnberg.

[R13] Rainbow, W. J. 1913. Arachnida from the Solomon Islands. Records of the Australian Museum 10 (1): 1–16.

[S69] Stoliczka, F. 1869. Contribution to the knowledge of Indian Arachnoidea. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 38 pt 2 (4): 201–251, plates 18–20.

[T94] Thorell, T. 1894. Förteckning öfver Arachnider från Java och närgränsande öar, insamlade af docenten D:r Carl Aurivillius; jemte beskrifingar å några sydasiatiska och sydamerikanska Spindlar. Bihang till K. Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 20 pt. 4 (4): 1–63.

[Z02] Zschokke, S. 2002. Ultraviolet reflectance of spiders and their webs. Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 246–254.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS