Dacnusa areolaris, copyright J. K. Lindsey.

Belongs within: Ichneumonoidea.
Contains: Aspilota.

The Alysiinae are a group of braconid wasps endoparasitic on cyclorrhaphous Diptera. Members of the Alysiinae have exodont mandibles that are straight or curved outwards, with tips not touching when closed, and with three or four (rarely two) teeth or lobes (Achterberg 1993). These mandibles are used by the wasp to break free of the puparium of their host in which they have pupated themselves. The cross-vein r-m is present in the fore wing of members of the tribe Alysiini but not in Dacnusini (Naumann 1991).

<==Alysiinae [Alysiidae, Dacnusinae] P08
    |  i. s.: Dinotrema Foerster 1862 P08
    |           `--*D. erythropa Foerster 1862 P08
    |--Exodontiella [Exodontiellini] A93
    |    `--E. deserticola A93
    |--Alysiini A93
    |    |--Alysia manducator N91
    |    |--Gnathopleura ridibunda A93
    |    |--Hylcalosia maetoi A93
    |    |--Orthostigma imperator A93
    |    |--Lodbrokia hirta A93
    |    |--Heratemis N91
    |    |--Aspilota N91
    |    `--Asobara N91
    |         |--A. persimilis N91
    |         `--A. tabida GJR97
    `--Dacnusini A93
         |--Eucoelinidea compressa A93
         |--Chorebus A93
         |    |--C. lanzarotensis Fischer, Tormos et al. 2004 F05
         |    `--C. ophthalmicus A93
         `--Dacnusa N91
              |--D. areolaris MS01
              |--D. (Epimicta) caudata Szépligeti in Mocsáry & Szépligeti 1901 MS01
              |--D. erythrogastra Szépligeti in Mocsáry & Szépligeti 1901 MS01
              |--D. semirugosa MS01
              |--D. senilis MS01
              `--D. sibirica PK17

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A93] Achterberg, C. van. 1993. Illustrated key to the subfamilies of the Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea). Zoologische Verhandelingen 283: 1–189.

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261–282.

[GJR97] Giordano, R., J. J. Jackson & H. M. Robertson. 1997. The role of Wolbachia bacteria in reproductive incompatibilities and hybrid zones of Diabrotica beetles and Gryllus crickets. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 94: 11439–11444.

[MS01] Mocsáry, A., & V. Szépligeti. 1901. Hymenopterák [Hymenopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 121–169. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[N91] Naumann, I. D. 1991. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants, sawflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers vol. 2 pp. 916–1000. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[P08] Papp, J. 2008. Seven new species of Aspilota Foerster from the Palaearctic region (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Alysiinae). Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 100: 245–269.

[PK17] Peters, R. S., L. Krogmann, C. Mayer, A. Donath, S. Gunkel, K. Meusemann, A. Kozlov, L. Podsiadlowski, M. Petersen, R. Lanfear, P. A. Diez, J. Heraty, K. M. Kjer, S. Klopfstein, R. Meier, C. Polidori, T. Schmitt, S. Liu, X. Zhou, T. Wappler, J. Rust, B. Misof & O. Niehuis. 2017. Evolutionary history of the Hymenoptera. Current Biology 27 (7): 1013–1018.

Last updated: 6 March 2021.

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