Yellow-breasted fruit dove Ptilinopus occipitalis, photographed by Talalak.

Belongs within: Treroninae.

Ptilinopus includes the fruit doves, an assemblage of generally compact, short-tailed, brightly coloured doves found in southeast Asia and Australasia. Fruit doves are diverse in appearance, and some authors have divided them between separate genera. Phylogenetic analysis also suggests that the cloven-feathered dove Drepanoptila holosericea of New Caledonia and the blue pigeons Alectroenas of Madagascar and the Mascarenes are nested within Ptilinopus in the broad sense. Members of the genus include the wompoo pigeon Ptilinopus magnificus of New Guinea and eastern Australia, which is mostly green in coloration with a paler head, purple breast and yellow bill with red base.

<==Ptilinopus Swainson 1825 CC10 (see below for synonymy)
    |--P. magnificus BKB15 [=Carpophaga magnifica T62, Megaloprepia magnifica T62]
    |    |--P. m. magnificus T62
    |    |--‘Megaloprepia’ m. alaris T62
    |    |--P. m. assimilis M03 [=Megaloprepia magnifica assimilis T62]
    |    |--‘Megaloprepia’ m. interposita T62
    |    |--P. m. keri M03 [=Megaloprepia magnifica keri T62]
    |    |--‘Megaloprepia’ m. poliura T62
    |    |--‘Megaloprepia’ m. puella T62
    |    `--‘Megaloprepia’ m. septentrionalis T62
    `--+--+--P. leclancheri BKB15 [=Leucotreron leclancheri RN72b]
       |  |    |--P. l. leclancheri R62
       |  |    |--P. l. longialis Manuel 1936 R62
       |  |    `--P. l. taiwanus Ripley 1962 R62
       |  `--P. occipitalis JT12 [=Leucotreron occipitalis RN72b]
       `--+--P. melanospilus BKB15
          |    |--P. m. melanospilus T62
          |    |--P. m. margaretha T62
          |    `--P. m. xanthorrhoa R02
          `--+--+--P. luteovirens BKB15
             |  `--P. victor JT12 [=Chrysoena victor A61]
             `--+--+--Drepanoptila holosericea (Temminck 1811) BKB15, CC10
                |  `--Alectroenas Gray 1840 JT12, B94 [Alectroenadinae]
                |       |--A. madagascariensis JT12 [=Ptilopus madagascariensis S66]
                |       |--A. nitidissima FS01
                |       |--A. pulcherrima JT12
                |       |--A. rodericana FS01
                |       `--A. sganzini JT12 [=Ptilopus sganzini S66]
                `--+--+--P. solomonensis JT12
                   |  `--+--P. rivoli JT12
                   |     `--P. superbus JT12 [=Columba superba CC10, *Lamprotreron superbus CC10, Ptilopus superbus R87]
                   `--+--P. pulchellus JT12
                      |    |--P. p. pulchellus T62
                      |    `--P. p. decorus T62
                      `--+--*P. regina Swainson 1825 CC10, JT12, CC10 (see below for synonymy)
                         |    |--P. r. regina T62
                         |    `--P. r. flavicollis T62
                         `--+--P. rarotongensis JT12
                            `--P. richardsii JT12
                                 |--P. r. richardsii T62
                                 `--P. r. cyanopterus T62

Ptilinopus incertae sedis:
  P. arcanus JT12
  P. aurantiifrons JT12
  P. bernsteinii JT12
  P. chalcurus JT12
  P. cinctus JT12 [=Leucotreron cincta A61]
  P. coralensis JT12
  P. coronulatus JT12
  P. dohertyi JT12
  P. dupetithouarsii JT12
  P. eugeniae JT12
  P. ewingii Gould 1842 WS48 [=P. regina ewingii M03, *Reginopus ewingii CC10]
  P. fischeri JT12 [=Leucotreron fischeri RN72a]
  ‘Megaloprepia’ formosa T62
  P. granulifrons JT12
  P. greyii JT12 [=Ptilopus greyi S13]
  P. huttoni JT12
  P. hyogastrus JT12
  P. insolitus JT12
  P. insularis JT12
  P. iozonus JT12
  P. jambu JT12
  P. layardi JT12
  P. marchei JT12
  P. mercierii FS01
  P. merrilli JT12
  P. monacha JT12
  P. naina JT12
  P. ornatus JT12
  P. pelewensis JT12
  P. perlatus JT12
  P. perousii JT12
  P. porphyraceus JT12 [=Ptilopus porphyraceus S13]
    |--P. p. porphyraceus S13
    |--‘Ptilopus’ p. clementinae S13
    `--P. p. fasciatus RN72 [=Ptilopus fasciatus S13]
  P. porphyreus JT12
  P. purpuratus JT12
  P. roseicapilla JT12
  P. subgularis JT12
  P. tannensis JT12
  P. viridis JT12
    |--P. v. viridis J06
    |--P. v. lewisii J06
    `--P. v. pectoralis J06
  P. wallacii JT12

Ptilinopus Swainson 1825 CC10 [incl. Chrysoena Bonaparte 1854 B94, Lamprotreron Bonaparte 1854 CC10, Leucotreron Bonaparte 1854 B94, Megaloprepia Reichenbach 1853 B94, Ptilopus Strickland 1841 B94, Reginopus Mathews 1913 CC10; Chrysoeninae, Leucotreroninae, Megaloprepiinae, Ptilinopodinae, Ptilopodinae]

*Ptilinopus regina Swainson 1825 CC10, JT12, CC10 [=*P. purpuratus var. regina CC10; incl. P. swainsonii Gould 1842 CC10, P. regina yorki Mathews 1922 CC10]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A61] Austin, O. L., Jr. 1961. Birds of the World: A survey of the twenty-seven orders and one hundred and fifty-five families. Paul Hamlyn: London.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[FS01] Flannery, T. & P. Schouten. 2001. A Gap in Nature: Discovering the World's Extinct Animals. Text Publishing: Melbourne.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[J06] Johnstone, R. E. 2006. The birds of Gag Island, Western Papuan islands, Indonesia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 23 (2): 115–132.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[R87] Ramsay, E. P. 1887. Descriptions of Australian birds' eggs. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (4): 1141–1152, pl. 19.

[R02] Riley, J. 2002. Population sizes and the status of endemic and restricted-range bird species on Sangihe Island, Indonesia. Bird Conservation International 12: 53–78.

[R62] Ripley, S. D. 1962. A new subspecies of the black-chinned fruit pigeon. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 75: 315–316.

[RN72a] Rutgers, A., & K. A. Norris (eds) 1972a. Encyclopaedia of Aviculture vol. 1. London, Blandford Press.

[RN72b] Rutgers, A., & K. A. Norris (eds.) 1972b. Encyclopaedia of Aviculture vol. 2. Blandford Press: London.

[S13] Sarasin, F. 1913. Die Vögel Neu-Caledoniens und der Loyalty-Inseln. In: Sarasin, F., & J. Roux (eds) Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1 pt 1 pp. 1–78, pls 1–3. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[S66] Schlegel, H. 1866. Communication from, on mammals and birds collected in Madagascar. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 419–426.

[T62] Tendeiro, J. 1962. Estudos sobre malófagos: revisão monográfica do género Columbicola Ewing (Ischnocera, Philopteridae). Memórias da Junta de Investigações do Ultramar, ser. 2, 32: 7–460.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M., & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1–126.

Last updated: 25 August 2019.

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