Nymphalini

Red admiral Vanessa atalanta, photographed by Beentree.


Belongs within: Nymphalinae.

The Nymphalini is a cosmopolitan group of butterflies including such taxa as the admirals and painted ladies (Vanessa) and the anglewings (Polygonia).

<==Nymphalini
    |  i. s.: Hypna [incl. Hecalene] B66
    |           |--H. clytemnestra [=Papilio clytemnestra] B66
    |           |--H. elongata Butler 1866 B66
    |           |--H. globosa Butler 1866 B66
    |           |--H. huebneri Butler 1866 [incl. H. clytemnestra var. iphigenia, H. clytemnestra var. negra] B66
    |           |--H. rufescens Butler 1866 B66
    |           `--H. velox Butler 1866 B66
    |--Antanartia schaenia WWN03
    `--+--+--Polygonia c-album WWN03
       |  `--Nymphalis antiopa WWN03
       `--+--Bassaris J03
          |    |--B. gonerilla [=Vanessa gonerilla] J03
          |    `--B. itea [=Vanessa itea] J03
          `--Vanessa WWN03
               |--V. amerindica GE05
               |--V. atalanta WWN03
               |--V. cardui J03
               |--V. karagancia GE05
               |--V. kershawi McCoy 1868 PP02
               `--V. urticae TYM08
                    |--V. u. urticae TYM08
                    `--V. u. nekkana Kishida & Nakamura 1934 TYM08

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B66] Butler, A. G. 1866. A revision of the genus Hypna, with descriptions of the new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 206-210.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[J03] Jong, R. de. 2003. Are there butterflies with Gondwanan ancestry in the Australian region? Invertebrate Systematics 17: 143-156.

[PP02] Patrick, B., & H. Patrick. 2002. Butterflies of Fiji. Weta 24: 5-12.

[TYM08] Tennent, W. J., M. Yasuda & K. Morimoto. 2008. Lansania Journal of arachnology and zoology—a rare and obscure Japanese natural history journal. Archives of Natural History 35 (2): 252-280.

[WWN03] Wahlberg, N., E. Weingartner & S. Nylin. 2003. Towards a better understanding of the higher systematics of Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 28: 473-484.

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