Crested caracara Caracara cheriway, photographed by David M. Jensen.

Belongs within: Falconidae.

The Polyborinae includes the caracaras of South and southern North America. Caracaras are relatively long-legged falcons that often feed as scavengers.

    |  i. s.: Polyborus Vieillot 1816 B94
    |           |--P. latebrosus SWK87
    |           |--P. lutosus FS01
    |           |--P. plancus EA06
    |           `--P. vulgaris K08
    |--Caracara Merrem 1826 JT12, B94
    |    |--C. cheriway FP64
    |    |--C. lutosa FP64
    |    |--C. plancus FS55
    |    |    |--C. p. plancus FS55
    |    |    `--C. p. audubonii FS55
    |    `--C. prelutosa FP64
    `--+--Ibycter Vieillot 1816 JT12, B94 [Ibycterinae]
       |    `--I. americanus JT12
       `--+--Phalcoboenus JT12
          |    |--P. albogularis JT12
          |    |--P. australis JT12
          |    |--P. carunculatus JT12
          |    `--P. megalopterus JT12
          `--+--Daptrius Vieillot 1816 JT12, B94 [Daptriinae]
             |    `--D. ater HK08 [=Ibycter ater SS66]
             `--Milvago JT12
                  |--M. chimachima JT12
                  `--M. chimango JT12

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1-281.

[EA06] Ericson, P. G. P., C. L. Anderson, T. Britton, A. Elzanowski, U. S. Johansson, M. Källersjö, J. I. Ohlson, T. J. Parsons, D. Zuccon & G. Mayr. 2006. Diversification of Neoaves: integration of molecular sequence data and fossils. Biology Letters 2 (4): 543-547.

[FS55] Felten, H., & J. Steinbacher. 1955. Zur Vogelfauna von El Salvador. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36 (1-2): 9-19.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[FS01] Flannery, T. & P. Schouten. 2001. A Gap in Nature: Discovering the World's Extinct Animals. Text Publishing: Melbourne.

[HK08] Hackett, S. J., R. T. Kimball, S. Reddy, R. C. K. Bowie, E. L. Braun, M. J. Braun, J. L. Chojnowski, W. A. Cox, K.-L. Han, J. Harshman, C. J. Huddleston, B. D. Marks, K. J. Miglia, W. S. Moore, F. H. Sheldon, D. W. Steadman, C. C. Witt & T. Yuri. 2008. A phylogenomic study of birds reveals their evolutionary history. Science 320: 1763-1768.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444-448.

[K08] Kellogg, V. L. 1908. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Schwedischen Zoologischen Expedition nach dem Kilimandjaro, dem Meru und den Umgebenden Massaisteppen Deutsch-Ostafrikas 1905–1906, 15. Corrodentia, 4. Mallophaga. Almqvist & Wiksells Boktryckeri-A. B.: Uppsala.

[SS66] Sclater, P. L., & O. Salvin. 1866. Catalogue of birds collected by Mr. E. Bartlett on the River Uyacali, Eastern Peru, with notes and descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 175-201.

[SWK87] Snyder, N. F. R., J. W. Wiley & C. B. Kepler. 1987. The Parrots of Luquillo: Natural history and conservation of the Puerto Rican parrot. Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology: Los Angeles.

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