Crested caracara Caracara cheriway, photographed by David M. Jensen.

Belongs within: Falconidae.

The Polyborinae includes the caracaras of South and southern North America. Caracaras are relatively long-legged falcons that often feed as scavengers. They have more or less extensive areas of bare reddish skin on the face around the base of the bill.

Polyborinae [Daptriinae]
    |  i. s.: Polyborus Vieillot 1816 B94
    |           |--P. latebrosus SWK87
    |           |--P. lutosus FS01
    |           |--P. plancus EA06
    |           `--P. vulgaris K08
    |--Caracara Merrem 1826 JT12, B94
    |    |--C. cheriway JT12
    |    |--C. lutosa FP64
    |    |--C. plancus JT12
    |    |    |--C. p. plancus FS55
    |    |    `--C. p. audubonii FS55
    |    `--C. prelutosa FP64
    `--+--Ibycter Vieillot 1816 JT12, B94 [Ibycterinae]
       |    `--I. americanus JT12
       `--+--Phalcoboenus JT12
          |    |--P. albogularis JT12
          |    |--P. australis (Gmelin 1788) [=Falco australis] CC10
          |    |--P. carunculatus JT12
          |    `--P. megalopterus JT12
          `--+--Daptrius Vieillot 1816 JT12, B94
             |    `--D. ater JT12 [=Ibycter ater SS66]
             `--Milvago JT12
                  |--M. chimachima JT12
                  `--M. chimango JT12

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[EA06] Ericson, P. G. P., C. L. Anderson, T. Britton, A. Elzanowski, U. S. Johansson, M. Källersjö, J. I. Ohlson, T. J. Parsons, D. Zuccon & G. Mayr. 2006. Diversification of Neoaves: integration of molecular sequence data and fossils. Biology Letters 2 (4): 543–547.

[FS55] Felten, H., & J. Steinbacher. 1955. Zur Vogelfauna von El Salvador. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36 (1–2): 9–19.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[FS01] Flannery, T. & P. Schouten. 2001. A Gap in Nature: Discovering the World's Extinct Animals. Text Publishing: Melbourne.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[K08] Kellogg, V. L. 1908. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Schwedischen Zoologischen Expedition nach dem Kilimandjaro, dem Meru und den Umgebenden Massaisteppen Deutsch-Ostafrikas 1905–1906 vol. 15. Corrodentia pt 4. Mallophaga. Almqvist & Wiksells Boktryckeri-A. B.: Uppsala.

[SS66] Sclater, P. L., & O. Salvin. 1866. Catalogue of birds collected by Mr. E. Bartlett on the River Uyacali, Eastern Peru, with notes and descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 175–201.

[SWK87] Snyder, N. F. R., J. W. Wiley & C. B. Kepler. 1987. The Parrots of Luquillo: Natural history and conservation of the Puerto Rican parrot. Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology: Los Angeles.

Last updated: 5 August 2019.

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