Female (above) and male (below) Io moths Automeris io, photographed by Patrick Coin.

Belongs within: Saturnioidea.

The Saturniinae are a group of large moths distinguished by the clear separation of the antennal rami.

Characters (from Michener 1949): Quadripectinate antennae with apical rami clearly separated from basal rami of following segment; multiple antennal cones; vein M2 arising in front of middle of apex of cell.

    |--Rhodormiscodes rosea (Druce 1886) [=Dirphia rosea] S55
    |--Lonomia cynira S55
    |    |--L. c. cynira S55
    |    `--L. c. concordia Druce 1886 S55
    |--Molippa rivulosa S55
    |    |--M. r. rivulosa S55
    |    `--M. r. simillima Jones 1907 S55
    |--Hylesia S55
    |    |--H. acuta Druce 1886 S55
    |    |--H. alinda Druce 1886 S55
    |    `--H. dalina Schaus 1911 S55
    |--Copaxa S55
    |    |--C. decrescens Walker 1855 [incl. C. decrescens f. purpurascens Draudt in Seitz 1929] S55
    |    |    |--C. d. decrescens S55
    |    |    `--C. d. rufinans Schaus 1906 S55
    |    `--C. semioculata (Felder & Felder 1874) [=Sagana semioculata] NS07
    |--Saturnia NS07
    |    |--S. atlantica Lucas 1849 E12
    |    |--S. pavonia DS73
    |    |--S. pyretorum DS73
    |    |    |--S. p. pyretorum DS73
    |    |    `--S. p. luctifera DS73
    |    |--S. pyri DS73
    |    `--S. (Perisomena) stoliczkana Felder & Felder 1874 NS07
    `--Automeris S55
         |--A. abdominalis (Felder & Felder 1874) [=Hyperchiria abdominalis] NS07
         |--A. aurantiaca DS73
         |--A. banus DS73
         |--A. boops (Felder & Felder 1874) [=Hyperchiria boops] NS07
         |--A. cinctistriga (Felder & Felder 1874) [=Hyperchiria cinctistriga] NS07
         |--A. complicata DS73
         |--A. coresus DS73
         |--A. eogena (Felder & Felder 1874) [=Hyperchiria eogena] NS07
         |--A. grammivora DS73
         |--A. illustris DS73
         |--A. incarnata S55
         |    |--A. i. incarnata S55
         |    `--A. i. cecrops (Boisduval 1875) [=Jo cecrops] S55
         |--A. io DS73
         |--A. irene DS73
         |--A. janus (Cramer 1775) [=Phalaena (Attacus) janus] S55
         |--A. jucunda (Cramer 1779) [incl. Hyperchiria titania Felder & Felder 1874] NS07
         |--A. junonia (Walker 1866) [=Hyperchiria junonia] S55
         |--A. metea DS73
         |--A. montezuma S55
         |    |--A. m. montezuma S55
         |    `--A. m. pallidior Draudt 1929 S55
         `--A. rubrescens (Walker 1853) [=Hyperchiria rubrescens] S55

*Type species of generic name indicated


[DS73] Dickens, M., & E. Storey. 1973. The World of Moths. Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.: New York.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l'Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

Michener, C. D. 1949. Parallelisms in the evolution of the saturniid moths. Evolution 3 (2): 129-141.

[NS07] Nässig, W. A., & W. Speidel. 2007. On the authorships of the Lepidoptera Atlas of the "Reise der Novara", with a list of the taxa of Bombycoidea [s. l.] therein described (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Bombycoidea). Senckenbergiana Biologica 87 (1): 63-74.

[S55] Schröder, H. 1955. Saturniiden aus El Salvador (Ins. Lep. Heterocera). Senckenbergiana Biologica 36: 209-213.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="">FoS</a> = FoS