Alabama beach mouse Peromyscus polionotus ammobates, from here.

Belongs within: Neotominae.
Contains: Peromyscus (Peromyscus) maniculatus.

The deer mice of the genus Peromyscus are a diverse assemblage found in North and Central America. Deer mice have tails as long as or longer than the head and body, a long soft pelage, and narrow hind feet (Goodwin 1969). The majority of species are placed in the subgenus Peromyscus, found over the greater part of North America. The subgenus Megadontomys (alternatively treated as a separate genus) includes the giant deer mouse, found in the highlands of Mexico. As indicated by their vernacular name, Megadontomys species are significantly larger than most species of Peromyscus sensu stricto. The diversity of Peromyscus species, both at the specific and subspecific levels, has lead to them becoming a model group for many studies of evolutionary processes.

    |--P. (Peromyscus) G69
    |    |  i. s.: P. (P.) attwateri RC06
    |    |         P. (P.) banderanus G69
    |    |           |--P. b. banderanus G69
    |    |           |--P. b. angelensis G69
    |    |           |--P. b. coatlanensis G69
    |    |           `--P. b. sloeops G69
    |    |         P. (P.) difficilis (Allen 1891) G69, MB86
    |    |           |--P. d. difficilis MB86
    |    |           |--P. d. amplus G69
    |    |           |--P. d. felipensis G69
    |    |           `--P. d. petricola Hoffmeister & de la Torre 1959 MB86
    |    |         P. (P.) evides [incl. P. hylocetes yautepecus Goodwin 1955] G69
    |    |         P. (P.) hondurensis G69
    |    |         P. (P.) ixtlani Goodwin 1964 G69
    |    |         P. (P.) lepturus G69
    |    |         P. (P.) leucopus G69
    |    |           |--P. l. leucopus B75
    |    |           |--P. l. affinis G69
    |    |           |--P. l. incensus G69
    |    |           |--P. l. lachiguiriensis G69
    |    |           |--P. l. noveboracensis (Fisher 1829) [=Mus sylvaticus noveboracensis] B75
    |    |           `--P. l. tornillo F68
    |    |         P. (P.) lophurus G69
    |    |         P. (P.) megalops G69
    |    |           |--P. m. megalops G69
    |    |           |--P. m. auritus G69
    |    |           |--P. m. azulensis G69
    |    |           `--P. m. melanurus G69
    |    |         P. (P.) melanocarpus G69
    |    |         P. (P.) melanophrys G69
    |    |           |--P. m. melanophrys MB86
    |    |           |--P. m. coahuilensis Baker 1952 MB86
    |    |           |--P. m. consobrinus Osgood 1904 MB86
    |    |           |--P. m. micropus Baker 1952 MB86
    |    |           `--P. m. xenurus Osgood 1904 MB86
    |    |         P. (P.) mexicanus G69
    |    |           |--P. m. mexicanus G69
    |    |           |--P. m. putlaensis G69
    |    |           |--P. m. teapensis G69
    |    |           `--P. m. totontepecus G69
    |    |         P. (P.) oaxacensis G69
    |    |         P. (P.) simulatus G69
    |    |         P. (P.) truei G69
    |    |           |--P. t. truei MB86
    |    |           |--P. t. gentilis Osgood 1904 MB86
    |    |           |--P. t. gratus MB86
    |    |           `--P. t. zapotecae G69
    |    |--P. (P.) boylii YBB79
    |    |    |--P. b. boylii KZ75
    |    |    |--P. b. ambiguus KZ75
    |    |    |--P. b. beatae KZ75
    |    |    |--P. b. levipes KZ75
    |    |    |--P. b. rowleyi (Allen 1893) MB86
    |    |    |--P. b. similus KZ75
    |    |    |--P. b. spicilegus Allen 1897 KZ75, MB86
    |    |    `--P. b. utahensis KZ75
    |    `--+--P. (P.) alstoni [=Neotomodon alstoni] YBB79
    |       |--P. (P.) floridanus YBB79
    |       |--P. (P.) gossypinus YBB79
    |       |    |--P. g. gossypinus BP87
    |       |    `--P. g. lapaticola BP87
    |       `--+--P. (P.) melanotis Allen & Chapman 1897 YBB79, MB86
    |          `--+--P. (P.) maniculatus YBB79
    |             `--P. polionotus YBB79
    |                  |--P. p. polionotus BP87
    |                  |--P. p. allophrys BP87
    |                  |--P. p. ammobates BP87
    |                  |--P. p. leucocephalus D51
    |                  `--P. p. trissyllepsis BP87
    `--P. (Megadontomys) G69
         |--P. (M.) nelsoni HA61, IT07
         `--P. (M.) thomasi G69
              |--P. t. thomasi G69
              `--P. t. cryophilus Musser 1964 G69

Peromyscus incertae sedis:
  P. angustirostris Hall & Alvarez 1961 HA61
  P. anyapahensis White 1966 AC98
  P. aztecus IT07
  P. bullatus IT07
  P. californicus IT07
  P. caniceps IT07
  P. chinanteco BP87
  P. comanche KZ75
  P. cragini MH03
  P. crinitus B40
    |--P. c. crinitus B40
    |--P. c. delgadilli Benson 1940 B40
    |--P. c. disparilis B40
    |--P. c. rupicolus Benson 1940 B40
    |--P. c. scopulorum Benson 1940 B40
    `--P. c. stephensi B40
  P. dickleyi AC98
  P. eremicus KZ75
    |--P. e. eremicus MB86
    `--P. e. phaeurus Osgood 1904 MB86
  P. eva IT07
  P. flavidus BP87
  P. furvus HA61
  P. grandis IT07
  P. guardia IT07
  P. guatemalensis IT07
  P. gymnotis IT07
  P. hooperi Lee & Schmidly 1977 MB86
  P. interparietalis IT07
  P. latirostris HA61
  P. madrensis IT07
  P. mayensis IT07
  P. merriami KZ75
  P. nasutus IT07
  P. nesodytes Wilson 1936 AC98
  P. ochraventer IT07
  P. oreas IT07
  P. pectoralis Osgood 1904 MB86
    |--P. p. pectoralis KZ75
    |--P. p. collinus KZ75
    `--P. p. laceianus Bailey 1906 MB86
  P. pembertoni FS01
  P. perfulvus IT07
  P. polius KZ75
  P. pseudocrinitus IT07
  P. sejugis IT07
  P. sitkensis IT07
  P. slevini IT07
  P. stephani KZ75
  P. stirtoni IT07
  P. winkelmanni IT07
  P. yucatanicus IT07
  P. zarhynchus IT07

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AC98] Alcover, J. A., X. Campillo, M. Macias & A. Sans. 1998. Mammal species of the world: additional data on insular mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248: 1–29.

[B40] Benson, S. B. 1940. New subspecies of the canyon mouse (Peromyscus crinitus) from Sonora, Mexico. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 53: 1–3.

[B75] Bowles, J. B. 1975. Distribution and biogeography of mammals of Iowa. Special Publications, The Museum, Texas Tech University 9: 1–184.

[BP87] Burton, J. A., & B. Pearson. 1987. Collins Guide to the Rare Mammals of the World. Collins: London.

[D51] Dobzhansky, T. 1951. Genetics and the Origin of Species, 3rd ed. Columbia University Press: New York.

[F68] Fisher, D. R. 1968. A study of faunal resemblance using numerical taxonomy and factor analysis. Systematic Zoology 18 (4): 48–63.

[FS01] Flannery, T. & P. Schouten. 2001. A Gap in Nature: Discovering the World’s Extinct Animals. Text Publishing: Melbourne.

[G69] Goodwin, G. G. 1969. Mammals from the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, in the American Museum of Natural History. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 141 (1): 1–269, 40 pls.

[HA61] Hall, E. R. & T. Alvarez. 1961. A new species of mouse (Peromyscus) from northwestern Veracruz, Mexico. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 74: 203–206.

[IT07] Isaac, N. J. B., S. T. Turvey, B. Collen, C. Waterman & J. E. M. Baillie. 2007. Mammals on the EDGE: conservation priorities based on threat and phylogeny. PloS One 2 (3): e296.

[KZ75] Kilpatrick, C. W. & E. G. Zimmerman. 1975. Genetic variation and systematics of four species of mice of the Peromyscus boylii species group. Systematic Zoology 24 (2): 143–162.

[MH03] Martin, R. A., R. T. Hurt, J. G. Honey & P. Peláez-Campomanes. 2003. Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene rodents fom the northern Borchers Badlands (Meade County, Kansas), with comments on the Blancan-Irvingtonian boundary in the Meade Basin. Journal of Paleontology 77 (5): 985–1001.

[MB86] Matson, J. O. & R. H. Baker. 1986. Mammals of Zacatecas. Special Publications, Museum of Texas Tech University 24: 1–88.

[RC06] Reeder, S. A., D. S. Carroll, C. W. Edwards, C. W. Kilpatrick & R. D. Bradley. 2006. Neotomine-peromyscine rodent systematics based on combined analyses of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40 (1): 251–258.

[YBB79] Yates, T. L., R. J. Baker & R. K. Barnett. 1979. Phylogenetic analysis of karyological variation in three genera of peromyscine rodents. Systematic Zoology 28 (1): 40–48.

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