Migratory hamster Cricetulus migratorius, photographed by Ahmet Karatash.

Belongs within: Myomorpha.
Contains: Democricetodon, Tylomyinae, Neotominae, Sigmodon, Akodon, Thomasomys, Oryzomys, Ichthyomyini, Scapteromyini.

The Cricetidae include the hamsters of the Old World, together with the New World rats and mice. The family is poorly defined morphologically, but members have a biserial arrangement of the molar cusps, with a longitudinal connection among them and a discrete anterocone on the first molars (Wilson 2005). The hamsters of the Cricetini are stout-bodied rodents with relatively short tails. They include the golden hamster Mesocricetus auratus, which has become widely kept as a pet and laboratory animal, despite being uncommon in its native Syria and Turkey.

The more diverse New World rats and mice form a single clade divided between the subfamilies Neotominae, Tylomyinae and Sigmodontinae. The Neotominae and Tylomyinae are primarily North American in distribution, in contrast to the mostly South American Sigmodontinae (Reeder et al. 2006). Of more uncertain relationships are the Afrocricetodontinae of the Miocene of Africa, generally treated as an extinct group though Lavocat (1978) regarded the recent Madagascan genus Macrotarsomys as a direct derivative of the afrocricetodontine genus Paratarsomys.

<==Cricetidae [Cricetinae]
    |--Cricetini B74
    |    |--Cricetus Leske 1779 P04
    |    |    |--C. auratus T66
    |    |    `--C. cricetus (Linnaeus 1758) K92
    |    |--Mesocricetus Nehring 1898 B74, P04
    |    |    |--M. auratus (Waterhouse 1839) K92
    |    |    |--M. brandti IT07
    |    |    |--M. newtoni IT07
    |    |    |--M. primitivus De Bruijn, Dawson & Mein 1970 P04
    |    |    |--M. rathgeberi Pieper 1984 AC98
    |    |    `--M. raddei IT07
    |    `--Cricetulus Milne-Edwards 1867 B74, P04
    |         |--C. alticola IT07
    |         |--C. barabensis IT07
    |         |--C. griseus B74
    |         |--C. kamensis IT07
    |         |--C. longicaudatus IT07
    |         |--C. migratorius IT07
    |         `--C. sokolovi IT07
    `--Hesperomyini B74
         |--+--Tylomyinae RC06
         |  `--Neotominae RC06
         `--Sigmodontinae RC06
              |  i. s.: Sigmodon RC06
              |         Andalgalomys N10
              |           |--A. olrogi Williams & Mares 1978 N10
              |           |--A. pearsoni IT07
              |           `--A. roigi Mares & Braun 1996 N10
              |         Abrawayaomys ruschii Cunha & Cruz 1979 N10
              |         Salinomys delcates Braun & Mares 1995 N10
              |         Akodon N10
              |         Tapecomys primus Anderson & Yates 2000 N10
              |         Thomasomys N10
              |         Megalomys AC98
              |           |--M. audreyae Hopwood 1926 AC98
              |           |--M. curazensis Hooijer 1959 AC98
              |           |--M. desmarestii FS01
              |           `--M. luciae FS01
              |         Megaoryzomys Lenglet & Coppois 1979 AC98
              |           `--*M. curioi (Niethammer 1964) AC98
              |         Oryzomys AC98
              |         Holochilus L07
              |           |--H. brasiliensis (Desmarest 1819) K92
              |           |--H. chacarius IT07
              |           |--H. magnus IT07
              |           `--H. sciureus IT07
              |         Nectomys L07
              |           |--N. palmipes IT07
              |           |--N. parvipes IT07
              |           |--N. rattus PCS05
              |           `--N. squamipes IT07
              |--Ichthyomyini PL07
              `--Scapteromyini L07

Cricetidae incertae sedis:
  Microtodon TH03
  Kanisamys L78
  Ruscinomys Depéret 1890 L78, P04
  Leakeymys ternani L78
  Palaeotomys gracilis L78
  Prototomys cambelli L78
  Eumyarion leemani M-SK04
  Democricetodon M-SK04
  Allocricetus Schaub 1930 P04
    |--A. bursae Schaub 1930 P04
    `--A. ehiki Schaub 1930 P04
  Tscherkia Ognev 1914 P04
  Cricetinus Zdansky 1928 P04
    |--C. beremendensis Hir 1994 P04
    |--C. europaeus Kretzoi 1959 P04
    `--C. varians P04
  Afrocricetodontinae J88
    |--Paratarsomys macinnesi L78
    |--Notocricetodon petteri L78
    |--Macrotarsomys L78
    |    |--M. bastardi IT07
    |    `--M. ingens IT07
    `--Afrocricetodon songhori L78
         |--A. s. songhori L78
         `--A. s. korui L78
  Asiocricetus Kishida 1929 TYM08
    |--A. bampensis Kishida 1929 TYM08
    `--A. yamashinai Kishid 1929 TYM08

*Type species of generic name indicated


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