Platypodinae

Platypus cylindrus, copyright Udo Schmidt.


Belongs within: Dryophthoridae.

The Platypodinae, ambrosia beetles, are a family of beetles in which the majority of species feed on fungi growing in the tunnels they bore in dead wood. The Australian species Austroplatypus incompertus is eusocial, forming multi-generational colonies with a single breeding female tended by non-breeding workers (Bouchard 2014).

<==Platypodinae [Platypodidae]
    |--Tesserocerini GC-P14
    |    |--Tesserocerus insignis W86
    |    `--Diapus unispineus GC-P14
    `--Platypodini B14
         |--Austroplatypus incompertus (Schedl 1968) B14
         `--Platypus Herbst 1793 M94
              |--*P. cylindrus [=Bostrichus cylindrus] M94
              |--P. apicalis M94
              |--P. australis Chapuis 1865 M94
              |--P. caliculus B88
              |--P. caviceps M94
              |--P. compositus M94
              |--P. crenatus Chap. 1866 M87
              |--P. geminatus Chap. 1866 M87
              |--P. gracilis M94
              |--P. parallelus Chapuis 1865 M94
              |--P. solidus Z94
              |--P. subgranosus B88
              `--P. sulcatus M94

Platypodinae incertae sedis:
  Chaetastus tuberculatus W86
  Periommatus bispinus W86
  Scolytotarsus W86
  Crossotarsus M94
    |--C. barbatus B88
    |--C. kuntzeni B88
    `--C. omnivorus LB91
  Doliopygus M94
    |--D. chapuisi W86
    `--D. dubius M94
  Trachyostus aterrimus M94
  Megaplatypus mutatus ML05

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[B14] Bouchard, P. (ed.) 2014. The Book of Beetles: A lifesize guide to six hundred of nature's gems. Ivy Press: Lewes (United Kingdom).

[GC-P14] Gillett, C. P. D. T., A. Crampton-Platt, M. J. T. N. Timmermans, B. H. Jordal, B. C. Emerson & A. P. Vogler. 2014. Bulk de novo mitogenome assembly from pooled total DNA elucidates the phylogeny of weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea). Molecular Biology and Evolution 31 (8): 2223–2237.

[LB91] Lawrence, J. F., & E. B. Britton. 1991. Coleoptera (beetles). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 543–683. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[ML05] Marvaldi, A. E., & A. A. Lanteri. 2005. Key to higher taxa of South American weevils based on adult characters (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea). Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 78: 65–87.

[M87] Masters, G. 1887. Catalogue of the described Coleoptera of Australia. Part VI. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (4): 979–1036.

[M94] May, B. M. 1994. An introduction to the immature stages of Australian Curculionoidea. In: Zimmerman, E. C. Australian Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) vol. 2. Brentidae, Eurhynchidae, Apionidae and a chapter on immature stages by Brenda May pp. 365–728. CSIRO Australia.

[W86] Wood, S. L. 1986. A reclassification of the genera of Scolytidae (Coleoptera). Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs 10: 1–126.

[Z94] Zimmerman, E. C. 1994. Australian Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) vol. 2. Brentidae, Eurhynchidae, Apionidae and a chapter on immature stages by Brenda May. CSIRO Australia.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS