Cryptorhynchinae

Psepholax sulcatus, copyright Landcare Research New Zealand.


Belongs within: Curculionidae.
Contains: Poropterus, Mecistostylina, Acalles, Cryptorhynchus.

The Cryptorhynchinae are a group of weevils characterised by a well-developed pectoral canal and developed unci on the tibiae (Morimoto 1978).

<==Cryptorhynchinae [Cryptorhynchides]
    |--Psepholax White in Dieffenbach 1843 [Psepholacini] M94
    |    |--*P. sulcatus White in Dieffenbach 1843 M94
    |    |--P. barbifrons G27
    |    |--P. coronatus G27
    |    |--P. egereus Pascoe 1872 Mas86
    |    |--P. latirostris Pascoe 1873 Mas86
    |    `--P. mastersi Pascoe 1873 Mas86
    |--Mecistocerini M78
    |    |--Praodes acalloides M78
    |    |--Aesychora notaticollis M78
    |    |--Isotocerus tenuipes M78
    |    |--Solenobathys M78
    |    |--Parendymia pilipes M78
    |    |--Sophronopterus Faust 1892 M78
    |    |--Diatassa M78
    |    |--Rhadinomerus Faust 1892 M78, M94
    |    |    `--R. levifrons M94
    |    `--Mechistocerus Fauvel 1862 M94
    |         |--M. corticeus M94
    |         |--M. denticulatus Pascoe 1875 Mas86
    |         `--M. mastersi Pascoe 1870 Mas86
    |--Ithyporini [Ithyporides, Sophrorhinini, Sophrorhinides, Sophorrhini] M78
    |    |--*Sophrorhinus duvernoyi M78
    |    |--Ectatorhinus wallacei M78
    |    |--Mecocorynus westermanni M78
    |    |--Amphialodes M78
    |    |--Ypsilepidus thisoides M78
    |    |--Protacallinus M78
    |    |--Protacalles M78
    |    |--Eprias M78
    |    |--Micrapries M78
    |    |--Catabonops monachus M78
    |    |--Systaltopezus M78
    |    |--Brachycolobodes M78
    |    |--Colobodellus M78
    |    |--Nannocolobodes M78
    |    |--Dinapries M78
    |    |--Amphialus M78
    |    |--Eucolobodes M78
    |    |--Exapries lophonotus M78
    |    |--Cyphomidica megacalles M78
    |    |--Dystropicus squalidus M78
    |    |--Acallinus M78
    |    |--Colobodes billbergi M78
    |    |--Thisus biguttatus M78
    |    |--Perrhaebius ephippiger M78
    |    |--Phrygena ephippiata M78
    |    |--Solobrachis M78
    |    |--Ocolobodes M78
    |    |--Apries eremita M78
    |    |--Parapries M78
    |    |--Deretiosomimus M78
    |    |--Deiradocranus Marshall 1953 [incl. Deiradocranoides Morimoto 1962] M78
    |    |    `--D. latebris M78
    |    |--Pantoxystus Mac86
    |    |    |--P. cyaneus Macleay 1886 Mac86
    |    |    `--P. rubricollis Mac86
    |    `--Deretiosus Pascoe 1871 M78, L09
    |         |--D. aridus Pascoe 1871 L09
    |         |--D. aspratilis Lea 1909 L09
    |         |--D. blandus Lea 1909 L09
    |         |--D. hystricosus Lea 1909 L09
    |         `--D. verrucifer Faust 1899 L09
    `--Cryptorhynchini D09
         |  i. s.: Pseudomopsis GC-P14
         |         Perissops Pascoe 1871 GC-P14, M94
         |           |--*P. mucidus Pascoe 1871 M94
         |           `--P. variegatus Lea 1903 M94
         |         Ouroporopterus GC-P14
         |--Mecistostylina M78
         |--Strongylopterina M78
         |    |--Polyzelus M78
         |    |--Therebus cepuroides M78
         |    |--Oreda M78
         |    |--Osseteris scutellaris M78
         |    |--Parempleurus M78
         |    |--Agasterocercus M78
         |    `--Strongylopterus M78
         |         |--S. hylobioides WH02
         |         `--S. ovatus M78
         |--Tylodina M78
         |    |--Eurysia fulvicornis M78
         |    |--Ampagia erinacea Pascoe 1870 M78, Mas86
         |    |--Hyotanzo M78
         |    |--Acalles M78
         |    |--Microcryptorhynchus Lea 1908 M78
         |    |    `--M. pygmaeus M78
         |    |--Simulatacalles Morimoto 1978 M78
         |    |    `--*S. simulator (Roelofs 1875) [=Acalles simulator] M78
         |    |--Miocalles Pascoe 1883 M78
         |    |    `--M. notatus M78
         |    |--Tylodes M78
         |    |    |--T. armadillo M78
         |    |    `--T. obesus Dejean in Boisduval 1835 B35
         |    |--Tragopus M78
         |    |    |--T. asper M78
         |    |    |--T. plagiatus Pascoe 1872 Mas86
         |    |    `--T. tuberosus Mas86
         |    `--Idotasia [incl. Trigonopterus] M78
         |         |--I. aequalis Pascoe 1872 Mas86
         |         |--I. ampliata Pascoe 1885 Mac86
         |         |--I. evanida Pascoe 1872 Mas86
         |         `--I. nasuta M78
         `--Cryptorhynchina B14
              |--Menectetorus M78
              |--Pseudapris foveicollis M78
              |--Caenocryptorrhynchus M78
              |--Rectosternum poricolle M78
              |--Eucryptorrhynchus scrobiculatus M78
              |--Shirahoshizo rufescens M78
              |--Coelosternechus javanus M78
              |--Zeugenia histrio M78
              |--Kirschia M78
              |--Plococerus denticollis M78
              |--Coelosternelum femorale M78
              |--Sculptosternum M78
              |--Cyamobolus dehaani M78
              |--Neoampagia M78
              |--Rhyssematoides M78
              |--Aechmura emys M78
              |--Orochlesis annularis M78
              |--Strattis biguttatus M78
              |--Cechania eremita M78
              |--Macromerus bicinctus Champion 1905 B14
              |--Cryptorhynchus M78
              |--Euscepes Schoenherr 1844 M78, M94
              |    |--*E. porcellus M94
              |    `--E. postfasciatus (Fairmaire 1849) [=Cryptorhynchus postfasciatus] M94
              |--Gasterocercus M78
              |    |--G. depressirostris M78
              |    `--G. nigroaeneus Chev. 1881 Mas86
              |--Odosyllis M78
              |    |--O. congesta M78
              |    `--O. crucigera Pascoe 1885 Mas86
              |--Syrotelus M78
              |    |--S. falleni M78
              |    `--S. septentrionalis M78
              |--Sclerolips Faust 1895 [incl. Heterocryptorrhynchus Morimoto 1962] M78
              |    |--S. maculicollis (Morimoto 1962) [=Heterocryptorrhynchus maculicollis] M78
              |    `--S. ochrodiscus M78
              |--Sybulus Pascoe 1871 [incl. Coelosteridius Morimoto 1962] M78
              |    |--S. nigricollis (Roelofs 1879) [=Cryptorhynchus nigricollis, Coelosteridius nigricollis] M78
              |    `--S. peccuarius M78
              |--Rhadinopus Faust 1897 [incl. Sculptosternellum Morimoto 1962] M78
              |    |--R. centriniformis M78
              |    `--R. sulcatostriatus (Roelofs 1875) (see below for synonymy) M78
              |--Sternochetus Pierce 1917 [incl. Acryptorrhynchus, Paracryptorrhynchus Morimoto 1962] M78
              |    |--*S. mangiferae (Fabricius 1775) [=Curculio mangiferae] M94
              |    |--S. frigidus M78
              |    |--S. lapathi M87
              |    `--S. navicularis (Roelofs 1875) [=Cryptorhynchus navicularis, Paracryptorrhynchus navicularis] M78
              `--Euthyrhinus M78
                   |--E. dorsalis Macleay 1886 Mac86
                   |--E. irroratus Macleay 1886 Mac86
                   |--E. meditabundus (Fabricius 1775) Z93 [=Curculio meditabundus Z93; incl. E. monachus Mas86]
                   |--E. navicularis Pascoe 1869 Mas86
                   `--E. spinipennis (Waterh. 1853) L09, Mas86 [=Chaetectetorus spinipennis L09]

Cryptorhynchinae incertae sedis:
  Acallophilus Faust 1892 M78
  Anchithyrus Pascoe 1885 M78
  Aphanerostethus Voss 1957 M78
  Berosiris Pascoe 1873 M78
    `--B. calidris Pascoe 1885 Mas86
  Coelosternopsis Voss 1940 M78
  Cryptallorhynchus Voss 1957 M78
  Cydostethus Pascoe 1874 M78
  Cylindrocorynites Heller 1925 M78
  Diphilus Pascoe 1885 M78
  Doetes Pascoe 1871 M78
  Dyspeithes Kirsch 1878 M78
  Lepidarcus Marshall 1948 M78
  Lochochirodes Heller 1938 M78
  Lochochirus Marshall 1915 M78
  Nechyrus Pascoe 1871 M78
    `--N. incomptus Pascoe 1872 Mas86
  Pasurius Fairmaire 1889 M78
  Perichius Pascoe 1871 M78
  Pseudoporopterus Lea 1898 M78
    `--P. cruciatus (Fabricius 1775) [=Curculio cruciatus] Z93
  Serrotelum Heller 1938 M78
  Paleticus LB91
    |--P. confinis Pascoe 1870 Mas86
    |--P. frontalis Pascoe 1870 Mas86
    |--P. invidus Pascoe 1870 Mas86
    |--P. laticollis Pascoe 1870 Mas86
    |--P. pedestris Pascoe 1870 Mas86
    `--P. subereus LB91
  Tentegia Mas86
    |--T. favosa Pascoe 1873 Mas86
    `--T. stupida (Fabricius 1775) [=Curculio stupidus] Z93
  Axionicus insignis Pascoe 1869 Mas86
  Chaetectetorus L09
    |--C. bifasciatus [=Gasterocercus bifasciatus] L09
    |--C. clitellae Pascoe 1870 Mas86
    |--C. egenus Lea 1909 L09
    |--C. gronopoides Pascoe 1885 Mas86
    |--C. haedulus Pascoe 1870 Mas86
    |--C. latus Pascoe 1870 Mas86
    `--C. setosus [=Gasterocercus setosus] L09
  Tituacia Pascoe 1870 L09
    `--T. ostracion Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Tychreus L09
    |--T. camelus Pascoe 1873 Mas86
    `--T. sellatus Pascoe 1873 Mas86
  Phloeoglymma Pascoe 1870 [incl. Axides Pascoe 1873] L09
    |--*P. alternans Pascoe 1870 M94
    |--P. dorsale (Pascoe 1873) [=Axides dorsalis] M94
    `--P. mixta Lea 1909 L09
  Chimades Pascoe 1870 L09
    `--C. lanosus Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Metryculus Lea 1909 L09
    `--*M. bimaculatus Lea 1909 L09
  Meniomorpha L09
  Achopera L09
    |--A. lachrymosa Pascoe 1870 Mas86
    |--A. maculosa Pascoe 1870 Mas86
    `--A. uniformis Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Ephrycus Pascoe 1870 L09
    |--E. brachystylus Lea 1909 L09
    |--E. erythraeus Lea 1909 L09
    |--E. obliquus L09
    `--E. parvus Lea 1909 L09
  Metacymia Pascoe 1870 L09
    `--M. marmorea Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Menios internatus Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Ephrycinus Lea 1909 L09
    `--*E. pilistriatus Lea 1909 L09
  Achoperinus Lea 1909 L09
    `--*A. infulatus (Erichs. 1842) L09, Mas86 [=Cryptorhynchus infulatus L09]
  Acrotychreus Lea 1909 L09
    `--*A. fasciculatus (Lea 1895) [=Tychreus fasciculatus] L09
  Poropterus Mac86
  Orphanistes Mas86
    |--O. eustictus Pascoe 1869 Mas86
    `--O. grandis Macleay 1886 Mac86
  Cyllorrhamphus tuberosus Erichs. 1842 Mas86
  Brysia cerata Pascoe 1883 Mas86
  Psydestus affluens Pascoe 1874 Mas86
  Teutheria insculpta Pascoe 1875 Mas86
  Euthebus troglodytes Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Hybophorus rufotuberosus Mas86
  Zeneudes sterculiae Pascoe 1873 Mas86
  Metyrus collaris Pascoe 1872 Mas86
  Hexymus Mas86
    |--H. monachus Pascoe 1872 Mas86
    `--H. tuberosus Pascoe 1871 Mas86
  Scolyphrus obesus Pascoe 1874 Mas86
  Mormosintes rubus Mas86
  Imaliodes Mas86
    |--I. nodulosus Pascoe 1872 Mas86
    |--I. scrofa Pascoe 1874 Mas86
    |--I. subfasciatus Pascoe 1870 Mas86
    `--I. terreus Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Eleagna squamibunda Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Decilaus squamosus Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Euoropis castanea Pascoe 1874 Mas86
  Embaphiodes pyxidatus Pascoe 1874 Mas86
  Imalithus patella Pascoe 1869 Mas86
  Onidistus Mas86
    |--O. araneus Pascoe 1870 Mas86
    |--O. nodipennis Pascoe 1870 Mas86
    `--O. odiosus Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Petosiris Mas86
    |--P. annulipes Pascoe 1874 Mas86
    |--P. cordipennis Pascoe 1872 Mas86
    `--P. subereus Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Methidrysis afflicta Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Niconotus tarphioides Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Acacallis personata Pascoe 1883 Mas86
  Agriochaeta crinita Pascoe 1872 Mas86
  Plagyocorynus quadrituberculatus Mas86
  Salcus Mas86
    |--S. elevatus Pascoe 1875 Mas86
    |--S. globosus Pascoe 1869 Mas86
    `--S. latissimus Pascoe 1875 Mas86
  Glochinorrhinus doubledayi Mas86
  Osaces naso Pascoe 1883 Mas86
  Ephricus obliquus Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Aethreus cicatricosus Pascoe 1875 Mas86
  Anilaus sordidus Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Exithius capucinus Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Drassicus Mas86
    |--D. illotus Pascoe 1872 Mas86
    |--D. infaustus Pascoe 1874 Mas86
    `--D. nigricornis Pascoe 1872 Mas86
  Agenopus agricola Pascoe 1872 Mas86
  Coptomerus nigrinasus Chev. 1881 Mas86
  Omydaus Mas86
    |--O. luridus (Fabricius 1775) [=Curculio luridus] Z93
    `--O. plinthoides Pascoe 1871 Mas86
  Oemethylus lumbaris Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Tyrtaeosus Mas86
    |--T. bicolor Pascoe 1885 Mas86
    |--T. concretus Pascoe 1885 Mas86
    |--T. incallidus Pascoe 1870 Mas86
    |--T. lateralis Pascoe 1870 Mas86
    |--T. microthorax Pascoe 1870 Mas86
    |--T. pardalis Pascoe 1885 Mas86
    |--T. ustulatus Pascoe 1870 Mas86
    `--T. vetustus Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Coelosternus humerifer Mas86
  Isax gallinago Mas86
  Myrtesis caligata Mas86
  Pezichus binotatus Mas86
  Enteles Schoenherr 1837 M94
    |--*E. vigorsii Gyllenhal in Schoenherr 1837 M94
    `--E. ocellatus Mas86
  Amydala abdominalis Pascoe 1871 Mas86
  Bepharus ellipticus Pascoe 1870 Mas86
  Derbyiella Z93
  Elaeagna Z94
  Mitrastethus Redtenbacher 1868 M94
    |--*M. baridioides Redtenbacher 1868 M94
    `--M. australiae Lea 1908 M94
  Tepperia Lea 1903 M94
    `--*T. sterculiae Lea 1903 M94
  Faustinus cubae ML05
  Panolcus ML05

Rhadinopus sulcatostriatus (Roelofs 1875) [=Coelosternus sulcatostriatus, Sculptosternellum sulcatostriatum] M78

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B35] Boisduval, J. B. 1835. Voyage de Découvertes de l’Astrolabe. Exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826–1827–1828–1829, sous le commandement de M. J. Dumont d'Urville. Faune entomologique de l'océan Pacifique, avec l'illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage vol. 2. Coléoptères et autres ordres. J. Tastu: Paris.

[B14] Bouchard, P. (ed.) 2014. The Book of Beetles: A lifesize guide to six hundred of nature's gems. Ivy Press: Lewes (United Kingdom).

[D09] Davis, S. R. 2009. Morphology of Baridinae and related groups (Coleoptera, Curculionidae). ZooKeys 10: 1–136.

[GC-P14] Gillett, C. P. D. T., A. Crampton-Platt, M. J. T. N. Timmermans, B. H. Jordal, B. C. Emerson & A. P. Vogler. 2014. Bulk de novo mitogenome assembly from pooled total DNA elucidates the phylogeny of weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea). Molecular Biology and Evolution 31 (8): 2223–2237.

[G27] Gourlay, E. S. 1927. Notes on the New Zealand wood-wasp Ophrynopus schauinslandi Ashmead. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 691–693.

[LB91] Lawrence, J. F., & E. B. Britton. 1991. Coleoptera (beetles). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 543–683. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[L09] Lea, A. M. 1909. Revision of the Australian Curculionidae belonging to the subfamily Cryptorhynchides. Part IX. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 701–732.

[Mac86] Macleay, W. 1886. The insects of the Fly River, New Guinea, "Coleoptera" (continued). Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 183–204.

[ML05] Marvaldi, A. E., & A. A. Lanteri. 2005. Key to higher taxa of South American weevils based on adult characters (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea). Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 78: 65–87.

[Mas86] Masters, G. 1886. Catalogue of the described Coleoptera of Australia. Part V. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (3): 585–686.

[M94] May, B. M. 1994. An introduction to the immature stages of Australian Curculionoidea. In: Zimmerman, E. C. Australian Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) vol. 2. Brentidae, Eurhynchidae, Apionidae and a chapter on immature stages by Brenda May pp. 365–728. CSIRO Australia.

[M87] McAlpine, J. F. 1987. Periscelididae. In: McAlpine, J. F. (ed.) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 2 pp. 895–898. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[M78] Morimoto, K. 1978. On the genera of Oriental Cryptorhynchinae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Esakia 11: 121–143.

[WH02] Worthy, T. H., & R. N. Holdaway. 2002. The Lost World of the Moa: Prehistoric life of New Zealand. Indiana University Press: Bloomington (Indiana).

[Z93] Zimmerman, E. C. 1993. Australian Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) vol. 3. Nanophyidae, Rhynchophoridae, Erirhinidae, Curculionidae: Amycterinae, literature consulted. CSIRO Australia.

[Z94] Zimmerman, E. C. 1994. Australian Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) vol. 2. Brentidae, Eurhynchidae, Apionidae and a chapter on immature stages by Brenda May. CSIRO Australia.

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