Salpingidae

Pytho kolwensis, copyright Deryni.


Belongs within: Tenebrionoidea.

The Salpingidae are a group of elongate, more or less flattened beetles that are usually found among vegetation, and whose larvae feed on bark or phloem under bark or in dead twigs (Lawrence & Britton 1991).

Characters (from Lawrence & Britton 1991): Elongate, slightly to strongly flattened, usually subglabrous or clothed with scattered setae. Head prognathous, sometimes produced and rostrate, never abruptly narrowed behind eyes; antenna 10- or 11-segmented, filiform, moniliform or with three-segmented club; lateral pronotal carinae complete, incomplete or occasionally absent, simple, undulate or dentate; fore coxae transverse or globular, trochantin concealed, fore coxal cavities externally open or closed, internally closed; mid coxal cavities contiguous or separated, mid coxal cavities laterally closed; tarsi almost always simple, tarsal formula 5-5-4 or (rarely) 4-4-4; abdomen with five ventrites, no or two ventrites connate. Larvae elongate, parallel-sided, slightly to strongly flattened, moderately to lightly pigmented except for head and abdominal apex. Epicranial stem absent; frontal arms with relatively narrow angle between them, usually with paired endocarinae beneath them; hypostomal rods moderately to very long and subparallel; S9 with 1 to several teeth on each side at base (sometimes forming basal row interrupted at middle); armature on T9 usually complex, with accessory processes on urogomphi and/or additional spines or processes in front of or between them.

Salpingidae [Elacatidae, Inopeplidae, Othniidae, Tretothoracidae]
    |  i. s.: Sphaeriesthes mutilatus LB91
    |         Othnius delusa B70
    |--Aglenus [Agleninae] LB91
    |    `--A. brunneus LB91
    |--Inopeplus [Inopeplinae] LB91
    |    `--I. dimidiatus LB91
    |--Elacatis MW15 [Othniinae LB91]
    |    `--E. delusa LB91
    |--Aegialitinae B14
    |    |--Aegialites canadensis Zerche 2004 B14
    |    `--Antarcticodomus B14
    |--Dacoderinae [Dacoderidae] B14
    |    |--Tretothorax cleistostoma Lea 1910 B14
    |    |--Dacoderus B14
    |    `--Myrmecoderus B14
    `--+--Salpinginae LB91
       |    |  i. s.: Neosalpingus hybridus LB91
       |    |         Orphanotrophium LB91
       |    |         Lissodema hybridum LB91, Erichs. 1842 M86
       |    |         Platysalpingus LB91
       |    |--Notosalpingus MW15
       |    `--+--Euryplatus MW15
       |       `--Salpingus MW15
       `--Pythidae MW15
            |  i. s.: Ischyomius MW15
            |--Anaplopus [Anaplopinae] LB91
            |    `--A. tuberculatus LB91
            `--Pythinae LB91
                 |--Synercticus LB91
                 |    |--S. heteromerus Newm. 1842 M86
                 |    `--S. piceus (Pascoe 1862) [=Aposyla picea] M86
                 `--Pytho B14
                      |--P. caeruleus L02
                      |--P. kolwensis Sahlberg 1833 B14
                      |--P. nivalis B14
                      `--P. strictus B14

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B14] Bouchard, P. (ed.) 2014. The Book of Beetles: A lifesize guide to six hundred of nature's gems. Ivy Press: Lewes (United Kingdom).

[B70] Britton, E. B. 1970. Coleoptera (beetles). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 495–621. Melbourne University Press.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[LB91] Lawrence, J. F., & E. B. Britton. 1991. Coleoptera (beetles). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 543–683. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[M86] Masters, G. 1886. Catalogue of the described Coleoptera of Australia. Part IV. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (2): 259–380.

[MW15] McKenna, D. D., A. L. Wild, K. Kanda, C. L. Bellamy, R. G. Beutel, M. S. Caterino, C. W. Farnum, D. C. Hawks, M. A. Ivie, M. L. Jameson, R. A. B. Leschen, A. E. Marvaldi, J. V. McHugh, A. F. Newton, J. A. Robertson, M. K. Thayer, M. F. Whiting, J. F. Lawrence, A. Ślipiński, D. R. Maddison & B. D. Farrell. 2015. The beetle tree of life reveals that Coleoptera survived end-Permian mass extinction to diversify during the Cretaceous terrestrial revolution. Systematic Entomology 40 (4): 835–880.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS