Greenbottle Lucilia caesar, copyright Chris Moody.

Belongs within: Calliphoridae.

Lucilia, greenbottles, is a cosmopolitan genus of blow flies with a metallic green, greenish blue or dark purplish body and without hairs on the lower calypter (Vargas & Wood 2010). Larvae feed on a variety of decomposing substrates and some species may become parasites on live animals. The Australian sheep blow fly L. cuprina can cause flystrike in sheep when larvae laid among faecal stains in wool begin attacking the host.

<==Lucilia Robineau-Desvoidy 1830 (see below for synonymy) PG-M04
    |--L. (Lucilia) F92
    |    |--*L. (L.) caesar (Linnaeus 1758) PG-M04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    `--L. (L.) illustris (Meigen 1826) [=Musca illustris] F92
    |--L. (Caesariceps Rohdendorf 1926) F92
    |    |--L. (*C.) flavipennis Kramer 1917 PG-M04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |    |--L. f. flavipennis F92
    |    |    `--L. ‘ampullacea’ laoshanensis Quo 1952 F92
    |    `--L. (C.) porphyrina (Walker 1857) [=Musca porphyrina] F92
    `--L. (Phaenicia Robineau-Desvoidy 1863) F92 [=Phoenicia (l. c.) PG-M04; incl. Dasylucilia Rohdendorf 1926 PG-M04]
         |--L. (P.) sericata (Meigen 1826) KP10, BW09, PG-M04 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |--L. s. sericata F92
         |    `--L. s. hirsutula Grunin 1969 F92
         |--L. (P.) angustifrontata Ye in Fan 1992 [=L. angustifrons Ye 1983 non Townsend 1908] F92
         |--L. (P.) cuprina (Wiedemann 1830) [=Musca cuprina] F92
         |    |--L. c. cuprina F92
         |    `--L. c. dorsalis R.-D. 1830 F92
         |--L. (P.) pilosiventris Kramer 1910 F92, PG-M04 [=L. (*Dasylucilia) pilosiventris PG-M04]
         |--L. (P.) regalis (Meigen 1926) [=Musca regalis] F92
         |--L. (P.) shansiensis Fan 1965 F92
         `--L. (P.) taiyuanensis Chu 1975 F92

Lucilia incertae sedis:
  L. argyricephala R55
  L. barthii R01
  L. caeruleiviridis D37
  L. dispar P55
  L. eximia VW10
  L. hirsutoculata Macquart 1847 E12
  L. hominivora R13
  *Phumonesia’ infernalis Villeneuve 1914 [incl. *Roubaudiella caerulea Séguy 1925] PG-M04
  L. pilosa Baranoff 1933 F92
  L. purpurescens VW10
  L. richarsdsi Collin 1926 F92

Lucilia Robineau-Desvoidy 1830 [incl. Argoracrites Séguy 1925 (n. n.), Phumonesia Villeneuve 1914, Roubaudiella Séguy 1925] PG-M04

*Lucilia (Lucilia) caesar (Linnaeus 1758) PG-M04 [=Musca caesar PG-M04; incl. M. cadaverina Linnaeus 1758 F92, Pyrellia cadaverina F92]

Lucilia flavipennis Kramer 1917 PG-M04 [incl. L. ampullacea Villeneuve 1922 PG-M04, L. (Caesariceps) ampullacea F92]

Lucilia (Phaenicia) sericata (Meigen 1826) KP10, BW09, PG-M04 [=Musca sericata PG-M04; incl. *P. concinna Robineau-Desvoidy 1863 PG-M04]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BW09] Buck, M., N. E. Woodley, A. Borkent, D. M. Wood, T. Pape, J. R. Vockeroth, V. Michelsen & S. A. Marshall. 2009. Key to Diptera families—adults. In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 95–156. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[D37] Donohoe, H. C. 1937. Fly damage to drying cut fruits. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 39 (9): 283.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[F92] Fan Z. 1992. Key to the Common Flies of China 2nd ed. Science Press: Beijing.

[KP10] Kutty, S. N., T. Pape, B. M. Wiegmann & R. Meier. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of the Calyptratae (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha) with an emphasis on the superfamily Oestroidea and the position of Mystacinobiidae and McAlpine's fly. Systematic Entomology 35: 614–635.

[P55] Paramonov, S. J. 1955. A review of Australian Scenopinidae (Diptera). Australian Journal of Zoology 3 (4): 634–653.

[PG-M04] Peris, S. V., & D. González-Mora. 2004. Clave de identificación para los géneros de Calliphoridae del mundo. Subfamilias con vena remigium desnuda y creación de una nueva subfamilia. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. (Sec. Biol.) 99 (1–4): 115–144.

[R55] Rayment, T. 1955. Taxonomy, morphology and biology of sericophorine wasps with diagnoses of two new genera and descriptions of forty new species and six sub-species. Memoirs of the National Museum, Melbourne 19: 1–95.

[R13] Reuter, O. M. 1913. Lebensgewohnheiten und Instinkte der Insekten bis zum Erwachen der sozialen Instinkte. R. Friedländer & Sohn: Berlin.

[R01] Ricardo, G. 1901. Notes on Diptera from South Africa (concluded). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 89–110.

[VW10] Vargas, J., & D. M. Wood. 2010. Calliphoridae (blow flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1297–1304. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

Last updated: 23 November 2019.

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