Cecidomyiidae

Female Catotricha americana, copyright Cathy Wilson.


Belongs within: Sciaroidea.
Contains: Lestremiinae, Porricondylinae, Cecidomyiinae.

The Cecidomyiidae are a group of minute flies commonly known as gall midges though gall-forming members of the family are restricted to members of the subfamily Cecidomyiinae.

Characters (from Gagné 1981): Tiny fragile flies, 1.0–5.0 mm long, rarely to 8.0 mm. Antenna usually long. Wing veins generally weak, reduced in number; C usually continuous around wing, usually with a break just beyond insertion of R5. Tibial spurs absent.

<==Cecidomyiidae [Itonididae] GJ09
    |--+--Lestremiinae J00
    |  `--+--Porricondylinae J00
    |     `--Cecidomyiinae J00
    `--Catotricha Edwards 1938 [Catotrichinae, Catotrichini] J00
         |--*C. americana (Felt 1908) [=Catocha americana] J00
         |--C. fraterna Jaschhof 2000 J00
         |--C. marinae Mamaev 1985 J00
         |--C. mesozoica GE05
         |--C. nipponensis (Alexander 1924) [=Catocha nipponensis; incl. Catotricha antennata Alexander 1959] J00
         |--C. subobsoleta (Alexander 1924) [=Catocha subobsoleta] J00
         `--C. subterranea Mamaev 1985 J00

Cecidomyiidae incertae sedis:
  Endopsylla A71
  Procontarinia B88
    |--P. echinogalliperda B88
    `--P. matteiana B88
  Orseolia oryzae B88
  Mycocecis ovalis B88
  Olesicoccus coccidivora G81
  Bruggmanniella perseae P09
  Tetradiplosis GJ09
  Karshomyia GJ09
  Calmonia GJ09
  Ipomyia CM91
  Trishormomyia helianthi W70
  Clinorhytis F56
  Dasyneura F56
    |--D. abiesemia Foote 1956 F56
    `--D. mali H74
  Phytophaga carpophaga Tripp 1955 F56
  Janetiella siskiyou Felt 1917 F56
  Retinodiplosis F56
  Itonida F56
  Coccodiplosis smithi O98

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[CM91] Colless, D. H., & D. K. McAlpine. 1991. Diptera (flies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 717–786. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[F56] Foote, R. H. 1956. Gall midges associated with cones of western forest trees (Diptera: Itonididae). Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 46 (2): 48–57.

[G81] Gagné, R. J. 1981. Cecidomyiidae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 257–292. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[GJ09] Gagné, R. J., & M. Jaschhof. 2009. Cecidomyiidae (gall midges). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 293–314. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[H74] Helson, G. A. H. 1974. Insect Pests: Identification, life history, and control of pests of farms, horticulture, gardens, and public health. A. R. Shearer, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[J00] Jaschhof, M. 2000. Catotrichinae subfam. n.: a re-examination of higher classification in gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). Entomological Science 3: 639–652.

[O98] Oosterbroek, P. 1998. The Families of Diptera of the Malay Archipelago. Brill: Leiden.

[P09] Pape, T. 2009. Economic importance of Diptera. In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 65–77. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[W70] White, M. J. D. 1970. Cytogenetics. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 72–82. Melbourne University Press.

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