Tree trapdoor spider Migas sp., copyright Simon Grove.

Belongs within: Avicularoidea.
Contains: Idiopoidea.

The Rastelloidina are a clade of mygalomorph spiders characterised by the presence of a rastellum, an array of spines at the ends of the chelicerae used in digging. In members of the family Cyrtaucheniidae, the paired tarsal claws are biserially dentate in females and have a ventral S-shaped row of teeth in females, whereas the dentition of tarsal claws is generally reduced and forming a single row only in other families (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007).

Synapomorphies (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Fovea closed and longitudinal; rastellum present; cheliceral fangs short, thick and diagonal; palpal coxa elongate; posterior legs with spines on dorsal surface.

    |--Cyrtaucheniidae JD-S07
    |    |  i. s.: Fufius BFSJ08
    |    |         Acontius JD-S07
    |    |         Ancylotrypa bicornuta Strand 1906 JD-S07, J98
    |    |--Aporoptychiinae JD-S07
    |    |--Cyrtauchenius Thorell 1869 [Cyrtaucheniinae] JD-S07
    |    `--Euctenizinae JD-S07
    `--Domiothelina JD-S07
         |--Idiopoidea JD-S07
         `--Migoidea JD-S07
              |--Actinopodidae [Actinopodinae] JD-S07
              |    |--Plesiolena Goloboff & Platnick 1987 JD-S07
              |    |--Actinopus Perty 1833 JD-S07
              |    |    |--A. algerianus Lucas 1846 E12
              |    |    `--A. robustus JD-S07
              |    `--Missulena Walckenaer 1805 JD-S07 [=Eriodon Latreille 1804 C01]
              |         |--*M. occatoria Walckenaer 1805 F95 [=*Eriodon occatorium C01]
              |         |--M. bradleyi Rainbow 1914 R14
              |         |--M. dipsaca Faulder 1995 F95
              |         |--M. granulosa (Cambridge 1868) F95
              |         |--M. hoggi Womersley 1943 F95
              |         |--M. insignis (Cambridge 1877) F95
              |         |--M. pruinosa Levitt-Gregg 1966 F95
              |         |--M. reflexa Rainbow & Pulleine 1918 R95
              |         `--M. rutraspina Faulder 1995 F95
              `--Migidae JD-S07
                   |  i. s.: Goloboffia Griswold & Ledford 2001 JD-S07
                   |         Mallecomigas Goloboff & Platnick 1987 JD-S07
                   |         Micromesomma Pocock 1895 JD-S07
                   |         Moggridgea P.-Cambridge 1875 JD-S07
                   |           |--M. australis Y95
                   |           `--M. tingle Main 1991 DH10
                   |         Poecilomigas Simon 1903 JD-S07
                   |         Thyropoeus Pocock 1895 JD-S07
                   |--Paramigas Pocock 1895 [Paramiginae] JD-S07
                   |--Calathotarsinae [Homogoneae] JD-S07
                   |    |--Calathotarsus Simon 1903 JD-S07
                   |    |--Heteromigas Hogg 1902 R14, JD-S07
                   |    `--Homogona Rainbow 1914 R14
                   |         `--*H. pulleinei Rainbow 1914 R14
                   `--Migas Koch 1873 [Miginae] JD-S07
                        |--*M. paradoxus Koch 1873 PVD10
                        |--M. australis Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. borealis Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. cambridgei Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. cantuarius Wilton 1968 NS00
                        |--M. centralis Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. cumberi Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. distinctus Pickard-Cambridge 1879 PVD10
                        |--M. gatenbyi Wilton 1968 NS00
                        |--M. giveni Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. goyeni Wilton 1968 NS00
                        |--M. hesperus Wilton 1968 NS00
                        |--M. hollowayi Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. insularis Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. kirki Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. kochi Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. linburnensis Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. lomasi Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. marplesi Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. minor Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. otari Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. quintus Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. sandageri Goyen 1891 PVD10
                        |--M. saxatilis Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. secundus Wilton 1968 NS00
                        |--M. solitarius Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. taierii Todd 1945 PVD10
                        |--M. tasmani Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        |--M. toddae Wilton 1968 PVD10
                        `--M. tuhoe Wilton 1968 PVD10

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BFSJ08] Bertani, R., C. S. Fukushima & P. I. da Silva Júnior. 2008. Mating behavior of Sickius longibulbi (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Ischnocolinae), a spider that lacks spermathecae. Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 331–335.

[C01] Cambridge, F. O. P. 1901. A revision of the genera of the Araneae or spiders with reference to their type species. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 51–65.

[DH10] Durrant, B. J., M. S. Harvey, V. W. Framenau, R. Ott & J. M. Waldock. 2010. Patterns in the composition of ground-dwelling spider communities in the Pilbara bioregion, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 78 (1): 185–204.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l'Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[F95] Faulder, R. J. 1995. Two new species of the Australian spider genus Missulena Walckenaer (Araneae: Actinopodidae). Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 73–78.

[J98] Jäger, P. 1998. Das Typenmaterial der Spinnentiere (Arachnida: Acari, Amblypygi, Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpiones, Scorpiones, Uropygi) aus dem Museum Wiesbaden. Jahrbuecher des Nassauischen Vereins fuer Naturkunde 119: 81–91.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[NS00] Nicholls, D. C., P. J. Sirvid, S. D. Pollard & M. Walker. 2000. A list of arachnid primary types held in Canterbury Museum. Records of the Canterbury Museum 14: 37–48.

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[R14] Rainbow, W. J. 1914. Studies in Australian Araneidae, no. 6, the Terretelariae. Records of the Australian Museum 10 (8): 187–270.

[Y95] Yen, A. L. 1995. Australian spiders: an opportunity for conservation. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 39–47.

Last updated: 13 October 2019.

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