Liocranidae

Male Agroeca brunnea, copyright Benedikt.


Belongs within: Entelegynae.

The Liocranidae are a family of ground-hunting spiders found in forest litter.

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Small to medium-sized; usually eight eyes present in two rows, sometimes reduced to four; legs with two tarsal claws; ecribellate; posterior spinnerets with cylindrical gland spigots; female with posterior median spinnerets flattened; male palp with median apophysis; entelegyne.

<==Liocranidae
    |--Scotina palliardi (Koch 1881) K02
    |--Itatsina Kishida 1930 TYM08
    |--Cybaeodes [Cybaeodinae] JD-S07
    |    `--C. madidus JD-S07
    |--Mesiotelus Simon 1897 MG03
    |    |--M. kulczynskii Charitonov 1946 MG03
    |    `--M. tenuissimus (Koch 1866) K55
    |--Phrurolithus K55 [Phrurolithinae JD-S07]
    |    |--P. festivus (Koch 1835) K55
    |    |--P. flavitarsis (Lucas 1846) K55
    |    `--P. minimus Koch 1839 VPB11
    |--Liocranum Koch 1866 [Liocraninae] JD-S07
    |    |--L. concolor Kraus 1955 K55
    |    |--L. giersbergi Kraus 1955 K55
    |    |--L. rupicola (Walckenaer 1825) K55
    |    |--L. rutilans K55
    |    `--L. segmentatum K55
    `--Agroeca Westring 1861 MG03
         |--A. brunnea (Blackwall 1833) K02
         |--A. cuprea Menge 1873 BBM02
         |--A. dentigera RKD02
         |--A. dubiosissima (Strand 1908) [=Hilke dubiosissima] J98
         |--A. inopina V09
         |--A. lusatica (Koch 1875) BBM02
         |--A. ornata Banks 1892 PS08
         `--A. proxima (O.P.-Cambridge 1871) K02

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BBM02] Bonte, D., L. Baert & J.-P. Maelfait. 2002. Spider assemblage structure and stability in a heterogeneous coastal dune system (Belgium). Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 331–343.

[J98] Jäger, P. 1998. Das Typenmaterial der Spinnentiere (Arachnida: Acari, Amblypygi, Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpiones, Scorpiones, Uropygi) aus dem Museum Wiesbaden. Jahrbuecher des Nassauischen Vereins fuer Naturkunde 119: 81–91.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[K02] Koponen, S. 2002. Ground-living spiders in bogs in northern Europe. Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 262–267.

[K55] Kraus, O. 1955. Spinnen von Korsika, Sardinien und Elba (Arach., Araneae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 36: 371–394.

[MG03] Marusik, Yu. M., & E. F. Guseinov. 2003. Spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Azerbaijan. 1. New family and genus records. Arthropoda Selecta 12 (1): 29–46.

[PS08] Pinzón, J., & J. Spence. 2008. Performance of two arboreal pitfall trap designs in sampling cursorial spiders from tree trunks. Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 280–286.

[RKD02] Relys, V., S. Koponen & D. Dapkus. 2002. Annual differences and species turnover in peat bog spider communities. Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 416–424.

[TYM08] Tennent, W. J., M. Yasuda & K. Morimoto. 2008. Lansania Journal of arachnology and zoology—a rare and obscure Japanese natural history journal. Archives of Natural History 35 (2): 252–280.

[VPB11] Varet, M., J. Pétillon & F. Burel. 2011. Comparative responses of spider and carabid beetle assemblages along an urban-rural boundary gradient. Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 236–243.

[V09] Verdcourt, B. (ed.) 2009. Additions to the Wild Fauna and Flora of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. XXVI. Miscellaneous records. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 183–194.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS