Crotonia pulchra, copyright Dept of Animal Taxonomy and Ecology, Adam Mickiewicz University.

Belongs within: Desmonomata.

Crotonia is a mostly Southern Hemisphere genus of relatively large mites found arboreally and among leaf litter. Colloff (1990) referred to six species groups within the genus of which the C. caudalis, C. nukuhivae and C. unguifera groups are restricted to New Zealand and islands of the Pacific whereas the other groups are more widespread on ex-Gondwanan continents.

Characters (from Balogh & Balogh 1992): Bothridial sensillus present. Notogastral margins converging posteriad, posterior extremity nearly pointed with ciliate apophyses. Epimeral setal formula 3-1-3-3. Genital and anal plates of macropyline type, large, occupying entire ventral side posterior to epimeres; seven or eight pairs of genital setae; two pairs of aggenital setae; three pairs of anal setae; three pairs of adanal setae. Legs tridactyl.

<==Crotonia Thorell 1876 (see below for synonymy) S04
    |--*C. obtecta (Pickard-Cambridge 1875) S04, C90, S04 [=*Westwoodia obtecta CH98]
    |--C. caudalis (Hammer 1966) C90, S04 [=Acronothrus caudalis S04]
    |--C. nukuhivae (Jacot 1934) C90, S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |--C. unguifera (Michael 1908) C90, S04 [=Nothrus unguifer S04]
    |--C. capistrata group C90
    |    |--C. capistrata Luxton 1987 S04
    |    |--C. dicella Colloff 1990 C90
    |    |--C. ecphyla Colloff 1990 C90
    |    `--C. pauropelor Colloff 1990 C90
    `--C. cophinaria group C90
         |--C. cophinaria (Michael 1908) S04 [=Nothrus (*Acronothrus) cophinarius CH98]
         |--C. jethurmerae Lee 1985 C90, S04
         `--C. lyrata Colloff 1990 C90

Crotonia incertae sedis:
  C. alluaudi (Berlese 1916) C90 [=Nothrus (Acronothrus) allaudi S04]
  C. americana (Berlese 1901) [=Neoliodes americanus] S04
  C. ardala Luxton 1987 S04
  C. borbora Luxton 1987 S04
  C. brachyrostrum (Hammer 1966) ME09 [=Acronothrus brachyrostrum S04]
  C. brassicae Wallwork 1977 S04
  C. brevicornuta (Wallwork 1966) [=Acronothrus brevicornutus] S04
  C. camelus (Berlese 1910) [=Nothrus camelus] S04
  C. cervicorna Luxton 1982 S04
  C. chiloensis Wallwork 1977 S04
  C. cupulata Luxton 1982 S04
  C. flagellata (Balogh & Csiszár 1966) [=Acronothrus flagellatus] S04
  C. lanceolata Wallwork 1977 S04
  C. longibulbula Luxton 1982 S04
  C. marlenae Olszanowski 1977 S04
  C. ovata Olszanowski 2000 S04
  C. perforata Wallwork 1977 S04
  C. pulchra (Beck 1962) [=Acronothrus pulcher] S04
  C. ramus (Womersley 1956) [=Acronothrus ramus] CH98
  C. reticulata Luxton 1982 S04
  C. rothschildi (Berlese 1916) [=Nothrus (Acronothrus) rothschildi] S04
  C. tryjanowskii Olszanowski 2000 S04
  C. tuberculata Luxton 1982 S04

Crotonia Thorell 1876 [=Westwoodia Cambridge 1875 nec Brullé 1846 nec Robineau-Desvoidy 1863; incl. Acronothrus Berlese 1916] S04

Crotonia nukuhivae (Jacot 1934) C90, S04 [=Acronothrus nukuhivae S04; incl. A. nukuhivae hivaoae Jacot 1934 S04, Crotonia melanesiae Wallwork 1977 S04]

*Type species of generic name indicated


Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 1. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[C90] Colloff, M. J. 1990. New species of Crotonia (Acari: Oribatida) from South Africa. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 100: 403–419.

[CH98] Colloff, M. J., & R. B. Halliday. 1998. Oribatid Mites: A catalogue of Australian genera and species. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[ME09] Maraun, M., G. Erdmann, G. Schulz, R. A. Norton, S. Scheu & K. Domes. 2009. Multiple convergent evolution of arboreal life in oribatid mites indicates the primacy of ecology. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B—Biological Sciences 276: 3219–3227.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

Last updated: 9 January 2019.

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