Nesticidae

Nesticus cellulanus, copyright Gernot Kunz.


Belongs within: Araneoidea.

The Nesticidae, cave cobweb spiders, are a group of small spiders that primarily build their highly elastic cobwebs in dark locations (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007).

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Very small to small; eight eyes present in two rows; cheliceral fang furrow with two or three strong teeth and irregular group of numerous small denticles; labium rebordered; legs with three tarsal claws, tarsi IV with row of serrated bristles; ecribellate; entelegyne.

Nesticidae
    |--Aituaria Esyunin & Efimik 1998 JD-S07
    |--Canarionesticus Wunderlich 1992 JD-S07
    |--Carpathonesticus Lehtinen & Saaristo 1980 JD-S07
    |--Cyclocarcina Komatsu 1942 JD-S07
    |--Gaucelmus Keyserling 1884 JD-S07
    |--Typhlonesticus Kulczynski 1914 JD-S07
    |--Howaia Lehtinen & Saaristo 1980 MG03
    |    `--*H. mogera (Yaginuma 1972) [=Nesticella mogera, Nesticus mogera] MG03
    |--Eidmannella Roewer 1935 JD-S07
    |    `--E. rostrata JD-S07
    |--Nesticella Lehtinen & Saaristo 1980 MG03
    |    |--*N. nepalensis (Hubert 1973) MG03
    |    |--N. robinsoni Lehtinen & Saaristo 1980 MG03
    |    `--N. taurama Lehtinen & Saaristo 1980 MG03
    `--Nesticus Thorell 1869 JD-S07
         |--N. akiensis T07
         |--N. akiyoshiensis T07
         |--N. cellulanus (Clerck 1757) GE02
         |--N. henderickxi JD-S07
         |--N. nasicus TH08
         |--N. noroensis T07
         `--N. silvestrii GE02

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[GE02] Giribet, G., G. D. Edgecombe, W. C. Wheeler & C. Babbitt. 2002. Phylogeny and systematic position of Opiliones: a combined analysis of chelicerate relationships using morphological and molecular data. Cladistics 18: 5–70.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[MG03] Marusik, Yu. M., & E. F. Guseinov. 2003. Spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Azerbaijan. 1. New family and genus records. Arthropoda Selecta 12 (1): 29–46.

[TH08] Thomas, S. M., & M. Hedin. 2008. Multigenic phylogeographic divergence in the paleoendemic southern Appalachian opilionid Fumontana deprehendor Shear (Opiliones, Laniatores, Triaenonychidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46 (2): 645–658.

[T07] Tsurusaki, N. 2007. The Chugoku Mountains—a hotspot of geographical differentiation of species. Taxa 22: 3–14.

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