Female Ischnothele caudata, copyright Marshal Hedin.

Belongs within: Avicularoidea.

The Dipluridae are a group of mygalomorph spiders that capture prey with a sheet web attached to a funnel-shaped retreat.

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Small to large; cephalic region low; eight eyes present in a compact rectangular group; rastellum present, cheliceral furrow with two rows of strong teeth; legs with three tarsal claws; four spinnerets present, widely spaced, posterier pair very long.

    |  i. s.: Trechona Koch 1850 [incl. Eudiplura Simon 1892, Onysopelma Simon 1864, Pezionyx Simon 1864] PCBFF08
    |           |--T. rogenhoferi (Ausserer 1871) (n. d.) [=Diplura rogenhoferi, Eudiplura rogenhoferi] PCBFF08
    |           |--T. rufa Vellard 1924 [=T. venosa rufa] PCBFF08
    |           |--T. uniformis Mello-Leitão 1935 PCBFF08
    |           `--T. venosa (Latreille 1832) PCBFF08
    |         Linothele Karsch 1879 PCBFF08
    |           |--L. megatheloides Paz & Platnick 1977 PCBFF08
    |           `--L. sericata (Karsch 1879) [=Trechona sericata] PCBFF08
    |         Allothele JD-S07
    |         Thelechoris JD-S07
    |         Dekana diversicolor K77
    |--Masteriinae JD-S07
    |--Euagrus BS09 [Euagrinae JD-S07]
    |    `--E. chisoseus BS09
    |--Ischnothele Ausserer 1875 PCBFF08 [Ischnothelinae JD-S07]
    |    |--I. annulata Tullgren 1905 FM11
    |    |--I. caudata Ausserer 1875 PCBFF08
    |    `--I. guyanensis B06
    `--Diplurinae S02
         |--Clostes priscus Menge 1869 S02
         |--Diplura Koch 1850 PCBFF08
         |--Pseudatrax Rainbow 1914 [Pseudatraceae] R14
         |    `--*P. moreaui Rainbow 1914 R14
         `--Poikilomorphia Rainbow 1914 [Poikilomorphiae] R14
              `--*P. montana Rainbow 1914 R14

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B06] Banks, N. 1906. Arachnida from the Bahamas. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 22: 185–189.

[BS09] Blackledge, T. A., N. Scharff, J. A. Coddington, T. Szüts, J. W. Wenzel, C. Y. Hayashi & I. Agnarsson. 2009. Reconstructing web evolution and spider diversification in the molecular era. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (13): 5229–5234.

[FM11] Freire-Jr, G. de B., & P. C. Motta. 2011. Effects of experimental fire regimes on the abundance and diversity of cursorial arachnids of Brazilian savannah (cerrado biome). Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 263–272.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[K77] Koch, L. E. 1977. The taxonomy, geographic distribution and evolutionary radiation of Australo-Papuan scorpions. Records of the Western Australian Museum 5 (2): 83–367.

[PCBFF08] Pedroso, D. R., R. L. Cerqueira Baptista & P. S. Fiúza Ferreira. 2008. Trechona rufa (Araneae, Dipluridae): new status, redescription and neotype designation with notes on the genus. Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 360–367.

[R14] Rainbow, W. J. 1914. Studies in Australian Araneidae, no. 6, the Terretelariae. Records of the Australian Museum 10 (8): 187–270.

[S02] Selden, P. A. 2002. First British Mesozoic spider, from Cretaceous amber of the Isle of Wight, southern England. Palaeontology 45 (5): 973–983.

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