Laelapidae

Venter (a), dorsum (b) and mandibles (c) of female Gymnolaelaps canestrinii, from Schweizer (1961).


Belongs within: Gamasina.
Contains: Haemogamasus, Hirstionyssus (Hirstionyssus), Androlaelaps, Laelaps, Pneumolaelaps, Laelaspis, Hypoaspis, Pseudoparasitus, Cosmolaelaps.

The Laelapidae are a diverse group of mites including free-living parasites found in soil or animal nests, as well as parasites of mammals. They are divided between several subfamilies, some of which have been recognised as distinct families. These include the Hypoaspidinae, often collected in soil and litter though some are associates of other arthropods (Lindquist et al. 2009).

Characters (from Lindquist et al. 2009): Fixed cheliceral digit present; male chelicera with spermadactyl. Subcapitulum with internal malae usually well developed, with fimbriate lateral margins and equal to or longer than corniculi; three pairs of hypostomatic setae. Tritosternum well developed, with laciniae. Genu I with two anterolateral setae; tibia I with two anterolateral and usually two ventral setae, including av2; genu IV usually with two posterolateral setae, including pl2.

<==Laelapidae [Laelaptidae]
    |--Alphalaelaps [Alphalaelapinae] LKW09
    |    `--A. aplodontiae LKW09
    |--Acanthochelinae LKW09
    |    |--Acanthochela chilensis LKW09
    |    `--Lukoschus maresi LKW09
    |--Myonyssus Tiraboschi 1904 [incl. Tetragonyssus Ewing 1923; Myonyssinae] ET79
    |    |--*M. decumani Tiraboschi 1904 ET79, H98
    |    |--M. gigas ET79
    |    `--M. rossicus Koh91
    |--Mesolaelaps Hirst 1926 non Schulz 1906 H98 [incl. Heterolaelaps Hirst 1926 H98; Mesolaelapinae LKW09]
    |    |--M. anomalus (Hirst 1926) [=Laelaps anomalus] H98
    |    |--M. antipodianus (Hirst 1926) [=Laelaps antipodianus, Heterolaelaps antipodianum, H. antipodianus] H98
    |    |--M. australiensis (Hirst 1926) [=Laelaps australiensis, M. australiense] H98
    |    |--M. bandicoota (Womersley 1956) [=Hypoaspis bandicoota] H98
    |    |--M. lagotisinus (Hirst 1931) [=Laelaps lagotisinus; incl. M. thalacomys Womersley 1956] H98
    |    `--M. sminthopsis (Womersley 1954) [=Laelaps sminthopsis] H98
    |--Haemogamasinae [Haemogamasidae, Liponyssidae, Liponyssinae] LKW09
    |    |--Ischyropoda LKW09
    |    |--Haemogamasus LKW09
    |    |--Brevisterna LKW09
    |    |    |--B. morlani Standtmann & Allred 1956 M-PV-G01
    |    |    `--B. utahensis (Ewing 1933) M-PV-G01
    |    `--Eulaelaps Berlese 1903 LKW09, H98 [incl. Rhinolaelaps Fonseca 1960 ET79]
    |         |--*E. stabularis (Koch 1839) S61, FH93 (see below for synonymy)
    |         |--E. citellus Radford 1942 FH93
    |         |--E. cricetuli LKW09
    |         |--E. novus Vitzthum 1924 S61
    |         |--E. oudemansi Turk 1945 H98
    |         `--E. pachypus (Hermann 1804) [=Laelaps pachypus] S61
    |--Hirstionyssinae LKW09
    |    |--Echinonyssus Hirst 1925 FH93
    |    |    `--E. isabellinus (Oudemans 1913) [=Liponyssus isabellinus] FH93
    |    `--Hirstionyssus Fonseca 1948 ET79
    |         |  i. s.: H. apodemi Koh91
    |         |         H. bisetosus Allred 1957 M-PV-G01
    |         |         H. eusoricis Koh91
    |         |         H. isabellinus Koh91
    |         |         H. latiscutatus BB-L86
    |         |         H. lunatus Strandtmann & Yunker 1966 HY75
    |         |         H. microchelae HY75
    |         |         H. minutus HY75
    |         |         H. panamensis HY75
    |         `--H. (Hirstionyssus) HY75
    |--Laelapinae [Holostaspini] LKW09
    |    |--Hymenolaelaps princeps LKW09
    |    |--Steptolaelaps LKW09
    |    |--Gigantolaelaps wolffsohni (Oudemans 1910) L07
    |    |--Androlaelaps ET79
    |    |--Laelaps FH93
    |    |--Mysolaelaps Fonseca 1935 LKW09, FH93
    |    |    `--M. parvispinosus Fonseca 1936 FH93
    |    |--Ondatralaelaps Evans & Till 1965 ET79
    |    |    `--*O. multispinosus (Banks 1910) ET79, FH93 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--Neolaelaps Hirst 1926 LKW09, H98
    |    |    |--N. spinosus (Berlese 1910) [=Leiognathus spinosus] H98
    |    |    `--N. vitzthumi Domrow 1961 H98
    |    `--Holostaspis Kolenati 1958 ET79
    |         |--*H. isotricha Kolenati 1858 ET79
    |         |--H. acuta (Michael 1891) [=Laelaps acuta] FH93
    |         |--H. favosa Müller 1860 FP60
    |         `--H. oophila ET79
    |--Melittiphidinae LKW09
    |    |--Stigmatolaelaps LKW09
    |    |--Xylocolaelaps LKW09
    |    |--Melittiphisoides LKW09
    |    |--Pneumolaelaps LKW09
    |    |--Laelaspis LKW09
    |    |--Melittiphis Berlese 1918 ET79
    |    |    `--*M. alvearius (Berlese 1895) ET79, FH93 [=Laelaps (Iphis) alvearius ET79]
    |    |--Bisternalis Hunter 1963 LKW09, FH93
    |    |    |--B. hunteri Baker, Delfinado-Baker & Ordaz 1983 FH93
    |    |    |--B. mexicanus Baker, Delfinado-Baker & Ordaz 1983 FH93
    |    |    `--B. rettenmeyeri Hunter 1963 FH93
    |    |--Myrmozercon Berlese 1902 LKW09, FH93
    |    |    |--M. aequalis (Banks 1916) [=Myrmonyssus aequalis] H98
    |    |    |--M. iainkayi LKW09b
    |    |    |--M. robustisetae Rosario & Hunter 1988 FH93
    |    |    |--M. rotundiscutum Rosario & Hunter 1988 FH93
    |    |    `--M. scutellatus (Hull 1923) [=Myrmonyssus scutellatus] H98
    |    |--Gymnolaelaps Berlese 1916 LKW09, FH93 [incl. Laeliphis Hull 1925 FH93]
    |    |    |--*G. myrmecophila (Berlese 1892) [=Laelaps myrmecophilus] ET79
    |    |    |--G. canestrinii Berlese 1902 S61
    |    |    |--G. krantzi (Hunter 1967) [=Hypoaspis (Gymnolaelaps) krantzi] FH93
    |    |    |--G. mexicana (Banks 1915) [=Neoberlesia mexicana] FH93
    |    |    |--G. missouriensis (Ewing 1909) (see below for synonymy) FH93
    |    |    |--G. tonsilis (Karg 1989) [=Pseudoparasitus (Gymnolaelaps) tonsilis] FH93
    |    |    `--G. vitzthumi Womersley 1956 FH93
    |    `--Myrmonyssus Berlese 1903 H98
    |         |--M. (Laelaspulus) acuminatus Berlese 1903 S61
    |         |--M. chapmani Baker & Strandtmann 1948 FH93
    |         |--M. clarus Hunter & Hunter 1963 FH93
    |         |--M. diplogenius WB02
    |         `--M. spinosus Hunter & Hunter 1963 FH93
    `--Hypoaspidinae [Hypoaspididae] LKW09
         |--Hypoaspis LKW09
         |--Blaberolaelaps LKW09
         |--Gromphadorholaelaps schaeferi LKW09
         |--Pseudoparasitus LKW09
         |--Cosmolaelaps LKW09
         |--Raymentia Womersley 1956 LKW09, H98
         |    |--*R. anomala Womersley 1956 WB02, H98
         |    |--R. eickwortiana Walter, Beard et al. 2002 WB02
         |    `--R. walkeriana Walter, Beard et al. 2002 WB02
         |--Alloparasitus Berlese 1920 ET79, FH93 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |--*A. angulatus (Berlese 1920) [=Pseudoparasitus angulatus] S61
         |    `--A. sardous (Berlese 1911) (see below for synonymy) FH93
         |--Stratiolaelaps Berlese 1966 LKW09, ET79
         |    |--*S. miles (Berlese 1892) ET79, H98 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |--S. cuneifer Greim 1952 HB69
         |    |--S. glaber (Trägardh 1952) [=Hypoaspis (Stratiolaelaps) glaber] HB69
         |    |--S. lamington LKW09
         |    `--S. scimitus (Womersley 1956) LKW09, H98 [=Cosmolaelaps scimitus H98, Hypoaspis scimita H98]
         |--Dicrocheles Krantz & Khot 1962 LKW09, FH93
         |    |--D. eothenes Treat 1970 H98
         |    |--D. hippeoides Treat 1978 FH93
         |    |--D. phalaenodectes (Treat 1954) [=Myrmonyssus phalaenodectes] FH93
         |    `--D. scedastes Treat 1969 FH93
         |--Coleolaelaps Berlese 1914 LKW09, FH93
         |    |--C. bakeri Costa & Hunter 1970 FH93
         |    |--C. brachysetus Costa & Hunter 1970 FH93
         |    |--C. camini Costa & Hunter 1970 FH93
         |    |--C. gracilis Costa & Hunter 1970 FH93
         |    `--C. krantzi Costa & Hunter 1970 FH93
         |--Geolaelaps Berlese 1923 LKW09, FH93 [=Gaeolaelaps Trägårdh 1952 FH93]
         |    |--*G. aculeifer (Canestrini 1884) FH93 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |--G. disjunctus (Hunter & Yeh 1969) [=Hypoaspis (Geolaelaps) disjunctus] FH93
         |    |--G. nolli (Karg 1962) [=Hypoaspis nolli] FH93
         |    |--G. oreithyiae Walter & Oliver 1989 FH93
         |    `--G. similisetae (Karg 1965) [=Hypoaspis similisetea] FH93
         `--Ololaelaps Berlese 1904 LKW09, ET79 [incl. Pristolaelaps Womersley 1956 ET79]
              |--O. placidus (Banks 1895) FH93 (see below for synonymy)
              |--O. hemisphaerus Berlese 1916 FH93 [=O. hemisphaera B16]
              |--O. obovata (Womersley 1960) [=Pristolaelaps obovata] H98
              |--O. placentulus (Berlese 1887) [=Laelaps placentula] FH93
              |--O. sellnicki Bregetova & Koroleva 1964 FH93
              `--O. tasmanicus (Womersley 1956) [=Pristolaelaps tasmanicus, Pseudoparasitus tasmanicus] H98

Laelapidae incertae sedis:
  Scissuralaelaps Womersley 1945 H98
    |--S. innotensis Halliday 1993 H98
    `--S. queenslandica Womersley 1945 H98
  Ljunghia Oudemans 1932 S95
    |--L. bristowi (Finnegan 1933) S95 [=Copriphis (Pelethiphis) bristowi WY88]
    |--L. hoggi Domrow 1975 S95
    |--L. minor Fain 1989 S95
    |--L. pulleini Womersley 1956 S95
    |--L. rainbowi Domrow 1975 S95
    `--L. selenocosmiae Oudemans 1932 S95
  Dynastaspis Costa 1971 FH93
    |--D. hercules (Costa 1976) [=Dynastes hercules non (Linnaeus 1758) (not preoc. as in dif. gen.)] FH93
    `--D. walhallae Costa 1971 FH93
  Dycinetonyssus Moss & Funk 1965 FH93
    `--D. hystricosus Moss & Funk 1965 FH93
  Dynatochela Keegan 1950 FH93
    `--D. prima Keegan 1950 FH93
  Eumellitiphis Turk 1948 FH93
    `--E. mellitus Turk 1948 FH93
  Laelaspisella Marais & Loots 1969 FH93
    `--L. foramenis (Karg 1989) [=Hypoaspis (Laelaspisella) foramenis] FH93
  Neohypoaspis Delfinado-Baker, Baker & Roubik 1983 FH93
    `--N. ampliseta Delfinado-Baker, Baker & Roubik 1983 FH93
  Pililaelaps Radford 1947 (see below for synonymy) FH93
    `--P. longisetus (Banks 1910) [=Laelaps longiseta] FH93
  Zontia Turk 1948 FH93
    `--Z. meliponensis Turk 1948 FH93
  Phytojacobsonia Vitzthum 1925 V25
    `--*P. irregularis Vitzthum 1925 V25
  Cosmiphis bosschai (Oudemans 1901) [=Emeus bosschai] V25
  Andreacarus Radford 1953 H98
    |--A. aegleis Domrow 1972 H98
    |--A. anadema Domrow 1978 H98
    |--A. radfordi Domrow 1963 H98
    |--A. synoecus Domrow 1978 H98
    `--A. tauffliebi Domrow 1963 H98
  Berlesia Canestrini 1884 H98
    `--B. rapax Canestrini 1884 [=Berlese rapace (l. c.)] H98
  Bewsiella Domrow 1958 H98
    `--B. fledermaus Domrow 1958 [=B. fledermans (l. c.)] H98
  Chalaza Domrow 1990 H98
    `--C. novena Domrow 1990 H98
  Conolaelaps Womersley 1959 H98
    `--C. coniferus (Canestrini 1884) [=Laelaps coniferus, L. conifer (l. c.)] H98
  Domrownyssus Evans & Till 1966 H98
    `--D. dentatus (Domrow 1961) [=Pneumonyssus dentatus] H98
  Hunteracarus Costa 1975 H98
    `--H. womersleyi Costa 1975 H98
  Ichoronyssus Kolenati 1858 [incl. Plesiolaelaps Womersley 1957] H98
    `--I. miniopteri (Zumpt & Patterson 1952) (see below for synonymy) H98
  Iphiolaelaps Womersley 1956 H98
    `--I. myriapoda Womersley 1956 H98
  Laelapsella Womersley 1955 H98
    `--L. humi Womersley 1955 [=Hypoaspis humi, Laelaps humi] H98
  Myrmeciphis Hull 1923 H98
    `--M. crawleianus Hull 1923 H98
  Peramelaelaps Womersley 1956 H98
    `--P. bandicoota Womersley 1956 H98
  Rhodacantha Domrow 1979 H98
    |--R. nelsoni Domrow 1979 H98
    `--R. tenax Domrow 1979 H98
  Thadeua Domrow 1977 [incl. Australolaelaps Womersley 1956 non Girault 1925] H98
    |--T. greeni (Domrow 1966) [=Australolaelaps greeni] H98
    |--T. mitchelli (Womersley 1956) [=Australolaelaps mitchelli] H98
    |--T. rosamondae (Domrow 1973) [=Australolaelaps rosamondae] H98
    |--T. serrata Domrow 1977 H8
    `--T. validipes (Domrow 1955) [=Echinonyssus validipes, Australolaelaps validipes] H98
  Trichosurolaelaps Womersley 1956 H98
    |--T. crassipes Womersley 1956 [=T. ocrassipes] H98
    |--T. dixous Domrow 1972 [=T. dixoa] H98
    |--T. fallax Domrow 1972 H98
    |--T. harrisoni Domrow 1961 H98
    |--T. marra Domrow 1972 H98
    `--T. striatus Domrow 1958 H98
  Eumelittiphis WB02
  Laelaspoides ordwayae Eickwort 1966 WB02, FH93 [=Pseudoparasitus ordwayae FH93]
  Dyscinetonyssus hysticosus WB02

Alloparasitus Berlese 1920 ET79, FH93 [incl. Euandrolaelaps Bregetova in Ghilarov 1977 FH93, Halbertia Hull in Turk & Turk 1952 FH93]

Alloparasitus sardous (Berlese 1911) [=Laelaps (Androlaelaps) sardous; incl. Hypoaspis laevis var. pilifer Oudemans 1912] FH93

*Eulaelaps stabularis (Koch 1839) S61, FH93 [=Gamasus stabularis Koch FH93, Laelaps stabularis S61; incl. L. oribatoides Michael 1892 FH93, L. pedalis Banks 1910 FH93, L. propheticus Banks 1910 FH93]

*Geolaelaps aculeifer (Canestrini 1884) FH93 [=Laelaps aculeifer FH93, Hypoaspis (Gaeolaelaps) aculeifer M83, L. (Eulaelaps) aculeifer S22; incl. Androlaelaps concisus Womersley 1956 H98, Geolaelaps concisus H98, Hypoaspis consisa (l. c.) H98]

Gymnolaelaps missouriensis (Ewing 1909) [=Hyletastes missouriensis; incl. Laelaspis austriacus Sellnick in Jaus 1935, Pseudoparasitus obsoletus Berlese 1916] FH93

Ichoronyssus miniopteri (Zumpt & Patterson 1952) [=Neospinolaelaps miniopteri, Spinolaelaps miniopteri; incl. Plesiolaelaps miniopterus Womersley 1957, S. miniopterus] H98

Ololaelaps placidus (Banks 1895) FH93 [=Laelaps placidus FH93; incl. L. flavus Ewing 1909 FH93, L. magnichela Ewing 1909 FH93, Laelaps (Hypoaspis) tumidulus S61, S22, L. (H.) venetus Berlese 1904 FH93, *Ololaelaps venetus S61]

*Ondatralaelaps multispinosus (Banks 1910) ET79, FH93 [=Laelaps multispinosus FH93; incl. La. parvanalis Willmann 1952 FH93, Liponyssus spiniger Ewing & Stover 1915 FH93]

Pililaelaps Radford 1947 [incl. Banksia Radford 1942 non Voigts & Oudemans 1905, Rad Baker & Wharton 1952] FH93

*Stratiolaelaps miles (Berlese 1892) ET79, H98 [=Laelaps (Iphis) miles ET79, Cosmolaelaps miles FH93, Hypoaspis miles H98, Laelaps (Eulaelaps) miles S22; incl. Cosmolaelaps gurabensis Fox 1946 FH93, Hypoaspis (Stratiolaelaps) milescuneifer Hirschmann, Bernhard et al. 1969 FH93, HB69]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BB-L86] Bengtson, S.-A., G. Brinck-Lindroth, L. Lundqvist, A. Nilsson & S. Rundgren. 1986. Ectoparasites on small mammals in Iceland: origin and population characteristics of a species-poor insular community. Holarctic Ecology 9: 143–148.

[B16] Berlese, A. 1916. Centuria terza di Acari nuovi. Redia 12: 289–338.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[FP60] Filipponi, A., & F. Pegazzano. 1960. Acari del genere Glyptholaspis nom. nov. pro Macrocheles (Macrocheles) Berl., 1918 (Mesostigmata, Macrochelidae). Redia 45: 133–171.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[HY75] Herrin, C. S., & C. E. Yunker. 1975. Systematics of neotropical Hirstionyssus mites with special emphasis on Venezuela (Acarina: Mesostigmata). Brighman Young University Science Bulletin—Biological Series 20 (2): 93–127.

[HB69] Hirschmann, W., F. Bernhard, E. Greim & H. Götz. 1969. Gangsystematik der Parasitiformes. Teil 75. Zwanzig neue Hypoaspis-Arten. Acarologie: Schriftenreihe für Vergleichende Milbenkunde 12: 133–141.

[K91] Kohn, M. 1991. Influence of the refuse dump biotopes on ecology of some gamasoid mites and ticks. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 199–204. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[L07] Lareschi, M. 2007. Seasonal occurrence of ectoparasites associated with the water rat Scapteromys aquaticus (Muridae, Sigmodontinae) from Punta Lara, Argentina. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 233–240. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 124–232. Texas Tech University Press.

[M83] Martin, N. A. 1983. Miscellaneous observations on a pasture fauna: an annotated species list. DSIR Entomology Division Report 3: 1–98.

[M-PV-G01] Montiel-Parra, G., G. A. Villegas-Guzman, M. Vargas & O. J. Polaco. 2001. Mites associated with nests of Neotoma albigula Hartley, 1894 (Rodentia: Muridae) in Durango, México. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 586–593. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

[S95] Strong, K. L. 1995. A new species of Hypoaspis (Acarina: Laelapidae) associated with funnel-web spiders (Araneae: Hexathelidae). Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 219–223.

[V25] Vitzthum, H. 1925. Fauna sumatrensis. (Beitrag no. 5). Acarinae. Supplementa Entomologica 11: 1–79.

[WB02] Walter, D. E., J. J. Beard, K. L. Walker & K. Sparks. 2002. Of mites and bees: a review of mite-bee associations in Australia and a revision of Raymentia Womersley (Acari: Mesostigmata: Laelapidae), with the description of two new species of mites from Lasioglossum (Parasphecodes) spp. (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Australian Journal of Entomology 41: 128–148.

[WY88] Welbourn, W. C., & O. P. Young. 1988. Mites parasitic on spiders, with a description of a new species of Eutrombidium (Acari, Eutrombidiidae). Journal of Arachnology 16: 373–385.

Last updated: 23 April 2018.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS