Laelapidae

Ventral view of female Cosmolaelaps, from Qing Hai Fan.


Belongs within: Gamasina.
Contains: Hypoaspis.

The Laelapidae are a diverse group of mites including free-living parasites found in soil or animal nests, as well as parasites of mammals (Lindquist et al. 2009).

Characters (from Lindquist et al. 2009): Fixed cheliceral digit present; male chelicera with spermadactyl. Subcapitulum with internal malae usually well developed, with fimbriate lateral margins and equal to or longer than corniculi; three pairs of hypostomatic setae. Tritosternum well developed, with laciniae. Genu I with two anterolateral setae; tibia I with two anterolateral and usually two ventral setae, including av2; genu IV usually with two posterolateral setae, including pl2.

<==Laelapidae
    |--Mesolaelapinae LKW09
    |--Alphalaelaps [Alphalaelapinae] LKW09
    |    `--A. aplodontiae LKW09
    |--Myonyssus [Myonyssinae] LKW09
    |    `--M. rossicus Koh91
    |--Acanthochelinae LKW09
    |    |--Acanthochela chilensis LKW09
    |    `--Lukoschus maresi LKW09
    |--Liponyssinae [Liponyssidae] S61
    |    |--Ophionyssus natricis Gervais 1844 S61
    |    `--Ornithonyssus K09
    |         |--O. bacoti (Hirst 1913) MZ91
    |         |--O. bursa C-R02
    |         `--O. sylviarum (Canestrini & Fanzago 1877) A91
    |--Hirstionyssus M-PV-G01 [Hirstionyssinae LKW09]
    |    |--H. apodemi Koh91
    |    |--H. bisetosus Allred 1957 M-PV-G01
    |    |--H. eusoricis Koh91
    |    |--H. heteromydis Strandtmann & Yunker 1966 S69
    |    |--H. isabellinus Koh91
    |    `--H. talpae Koh91
    |--Melittiphidinae LKW09
    |    |--Melittiphis alvearius LKW09
    |    |--Stigmatolaelaps LKW09
    |    |--Xylocolaelaps LKW09
    |    |--Bisternalis hunteri LKW09
    |    |--Melittiphisoides LKW09
    |    |--Pneumolaelaps Berlese 1920 LKW09, S61
    |    |    `--*P. bombicolens (Canestrini 1885) [=Iphis bombicolens, Hypoaspis (*Pneumolaelaps) bombicolens] S61
    |    |--Gymnolaelaps Berlese 1916 LKW09, S61
    |    |    |--*G. myrmecophilus (Berlese 1892) [=Laelaps myrmecophilus] S61
    |    |    `--G. canestrinii Berlese 1902 S61
    |    |--Myrmozercon [incl. Myrmonyssus] LKW09
    |    |    |--‘Myrmonyssus’ (Laelaspulus) acuminatus Berlese 1903 S61
    |    |    `--M. iainkayi LKW09b
    |    `--Laelaspis Berlese 1903 LKW09, S61
    |         |--*L. astronomicus (Berlese 1903) S61 [=Iphis astronomicus S61, Laelaps (Laelaspis) astronomicus S22]
    |         |--L. equitans (Mich. 1891) S61
    |         `--L. humeratus Berl. 1903 S61
    |--Laelapinae LKW09
    |    |--Hymenolaelaps princeps LKW09
    |    |--Neolaelaps LKW09
    |    |--Mysolaelaps LKW09
    |    |--Steptolaelaps LKW09
    |    |--Androlaelaps karawaiewi LKW09, S22 [=Laelaps (Androlaelaps) karawaiewi S22]
    |    |--Haemolaelaps Berlese 1910 S61
    |    |    |--H. casalis Ewing 1925 MZ91 [=Androlaelaps (Haemolaelaps) casalis Koh91]
    |    |    |--H. cubicularis S61
    |    |    |--H. fahrenholzi Berlese 1911 [=Androlaelaps (Haemolaelaps) fahrenholzi] QV01
    |    |    |--H. foenalis S61
    |    |    `--H. glasgowi Ewing 1925 MZ91
    |    `--Laelaps Koch 1839 S61
    |         |--*L. muris (Ljungh 1799) [=Acarus muris; incl. L. agilis Koch 1839, L. festimus] S61
    |         |--L. agrestis [=Iphis agrestis] S61
    |         |--L. echidninus KK54
    |         |--L. hilaris KK54
    |         `--L. micromydis Koh91
    |--Haemogamasinae [Haemogamasidae] LKW09b
    |    |--Ischyropoda LKW09
    |    |--Brevisterna LKW09
    |    |    |--B. morlani Standtmann & Allred 1956 M-PV-G01
    |    |    `--B. utahensis (Ewing 1933) M-PV-G01
    |    |--Eulaelaps Berlese 1903 LKW09, S61
    |    |    |--E. pachypus (Hermann 1804) (see below for synonymy) S61
    |    |    |--E. aculeifer [=Laelaps (Eulaelaps) aculeifer] S22
    |    |    |--E. cricetuli LKW09
    |    |    |--E. miles [=Laelaps (Eulaelaps) miles] S22
    |    |    |--E. novus Vitzthum 1924 S61
    |    |    `--E. oudemansi Koh91
    |    `--Haemogamasus KA90
    |         |--H. ambulans WP99
    |         |--H. hirsutosimilis Koh91
    |         |--H. hirsutus Koh91
    |         |--H. horridus Koh91
    |         |--H. liponyssoides LKW09
    |         |--H. nidi Mich. 1892 S61 [incl. H. michaeli WL09]
    |         |--H. pontiger Koh91
    |         `--H. reidi K09
    `--Hypoaspidinae [Hypoaspididae] LKW09
         |--Hypoaspis LKW09
         |--Coleolaelaps LKW09
         |--Blaberolaelaps LKW09
         |--Gromphadorholaelaps schaeferi LKW09
         |--Raymentia LKW09
         |--Ololaelaps Berlese 1903 LKW09, S61
         |    |--*O. venetus Berlese 1903 S61 [incl. Laelaps (Hypoaspis) tumidulus S61, S22]
         |    `--O. tasmanicus M83
         |--Gaeolaelaps LKW09
         |    |--G. aculeifer (Canestrini 1883) Koe91 [=Hypoaspis (Gaeolaelaps) aculeifer M83]
         |    `--G. oreithyiae LKW09
         |--Stratiolaelaps LKW09
         |    |--S. lamington LKW09
         |    `--S. scimitus LKW09
         |--Dicrocheles LKW09
         |    |--D. phalaenodectes WP99
         |    `--D. scedastes WP99
         |--Pseudoparasitus Oudemans 1902 LKW09, S61
         |    |--*P. meridionalis (Canestrini & Canestrini 1882) [=Laelaps meridionalis] S61
         |    |--P. alpinus Schweizer 1961 S61
         |    |--P. placentulus Koh91
         |    `--P. stigmatus KA90
         `--Cosmolaelaps Berlese 1903 LKW09, S61
              |--*C. claviger (Berlese 1883) [=Laelaps claviger, Hypoaspis (*Cosmolaelaps) claviger] S61
              |--C. brevipedstra LKW09
              |--C. cuneifer (Mich. 1891) S61
              |--C. ornatus Berlese 1903 S61 [=Laelaps (Cosmolaelaps) ornatus S22]
              |--C. passali A-B91
              |--C. trifidus OW01
              |--C. ungeri LKW09
              `--C. vacuus S61 [=Laelaps (Cosmolaelaps) vacuus S22; incl. L. (C.) vacuus var. ensiger S22]

Laelapidae incertae sedis:
  Hyperlaelaps microti Koh91
  Alloparasitus Berlese 1920 KA90, S61
    `--*A. angulatus (Berlese 1920) [=Pseudoparasitus angulatus] S61
  Holostaspis acuta KA90
  Scissuralaelaps WP99
  Ljunghia WY88
    |--L. bristowi [=Copriphis (Pelethiphis) bristowi] WY88
    |--L. hoggi WY88
    |--L. pulleini WY88
    |--L. rainbowi WY88
    `--L. selenocosmiae WY88

Eulaelaps pachypus (Hermann 1804) [=Laelaps pachypus; incl. L. stabularis Koch 1839, *Eulaelaps stabularis] S61

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A-B91] Athias-Binche, F. 1991. Ecology and evolution of phoresy in mites. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 27-41. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[A91] Axtell, R. C. 1991. Control of northern fowl mites on poultry. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 709-712. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[C-R02] Corpuz-Raros, L. A. 2002. Philippine acarine biological control agents: Status, bioecology and research prospects. Philippine Agricultural Scientist 85 (2): 137-154.

[KK54] Klemmer, K., & H. E. Krampitz. 1954. Zur Kenntnis der Säugetierfauna Siziliens. Senckenbergiana Biologica 35 (3-4): 121-135.

[Koe91] Koehler, H. H. 1991. A five year study on the secondary succession of Gamasina on a ruderal site: the influence of recultivation. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 373-383. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[Koh91] Kohn, M. 1991. Influence of the refuse dump biotopes on ecology of some gamasoid mites and ticks. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 199-204. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[K09] Krantz, G. W. 2009. Habits and habitats. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology, 3rd ed., pp. 64-82. Texas Tech University Press.

[KA90] Krantz, G. W., & B. D. Ainscough. 1990. Acarina: Mesostigmata (Gamasida). In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 583-665. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology, 3rd ed., pp. 124-232. Texas Tech University Press.

[M83] Martin, N. A. 1983. Miscellaneous observations on a pasture fauna: an annotated species list. DSIR Entomology Division Report 3: 1-98.

[MZ91] Meng Y.-C., Zhuge H.-X., Lan M.-Y. & Zhou H.-F. 1991. Experimental study on transmission of haemorrhagic fever with remal syndrome virus by mites, Ornithonyssus bacoti (Hirst). In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 35-39. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[M-PV-G01] Montiel-Parra, G., G. A. Villegas-Guzman, M. Vargas & O. J. Polaco. 2001. Mites associated with nests of Neotoma albigula Hartley, 1894 (Rodentia: Muridae) in Durango, México. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 586-593. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[OW01] Otto, J. C., & K. J. Wilson. 2001. Assessment of the usefulness of ribosomal 18S and mitochondrial COI sequences in Prostigmata phylogeny. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 100-109. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[QV01] Quintero, M. M. T., M. Vargas, B. S. Hernández, P García & N. J. Otero. 2001. Ectoparasitic mites on Heteromys gaumeri in the south of Yucatan, Mexico. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 583-585. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23-112, 4 pls.

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i-vii, 1-207.

[S69] Steyskal, G. C. 1969. The mistreatment of the Latin genitive case in forming names of parasites. Systematic Zoology 18 (3): 339-342.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology, 3rd ed., pp. 233-420. Texas Tech University Press.

[WP99] Walter, D. E. & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[WY88] Welbourn, W. C. & O. P. Young. 1988. Mites parasitic on spiders, with a description of a new species of Eutrombidium (Acari, Eutrombidiidae). Journal of Arachnology 16: 373-385.

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