Ventral view of female Hypoaspis, copyright Pavel Klimov.

Belongs within: Laelapidae.

Hypoaspis is a genus of free-living predatory mites found in soil, litter and mosses (Evans & Till 1979). Some species have been found under the elytra of beetles. Others are found living in arthropod burrows such as the Australian species H. barbarae which was found living on funnel-web spiders (Strong 1995). In members of the type subgenus, the anterior margin of the epistome is serrated whereas in the subgenus Hypoaspisella it is smooth.

Characters (from Evans & Till 1979): Apotele with two tines. Opisthonotum with Zx setae present. Chelicerae of male chelate-dentate, spermatodactyl free. Female typically with genital shield.

<==Hypoaspis Canestrini 1885 FH93
    |--H. (Hypoaspis) HB69
    |    |--*H. (H.) krameri (Canestrini & Canestrini 1881) [=Gamasus krameri] ET79
    |    |--H. (H.) brevipilis Bernhard 1955 HB69
    |    `--H. (H.) ellipsoides Bernhard 1955 HB69
    `--H. (Hypoaspisella Bernhard in Karg 1965) HB69, ET79
         |--H. (H.) berlesei Bernhard 1955 HB69
         |--H. (H.) heterosetosus Bernhard 1955 HB69
         |--H. (H.) incertus Bernhard 1955 HB69
         |--H. (H.) intermedius Bernhard 1955 HB69
         |--H. (H.) lasiomyrmecophilus Hirschmann, Bernhard et al. 1969 HB69
         `--H. (H.) myrmecophilus Bernhard 1955 HB69

Hypoaspis incertae sedis:
  H. acme Womersley 1955 H98
  H. acuta (Michael 1891) M96
  H. angusta Karg 1965 FH93
  H. angustiscutatus Willmann 1951 HB69
  H. armstrongi (Womersley 1956) [=Androlaelaps armstrongi, Geolaelaps armstrongi] H98
  H. atomaria Berlese 1916 S95
  H. australis Hull 1923 H98
  H. barbarae Strong 1995 S95
  H. blattae Strong & Halliday 1994 S95
  H. breviseta Evans & Till 1966 FH93
  H. cavernicola (Packard 1888) [=Laelaps cavernicola, Iphis cavernicola] FH93
  H. cuneifer (Michael 1891) M96
  H. curtipilus Greim 1952 HB69
  H. dasypa Menzies & Strandtmann 1952 FH93
  H. disjuncta SF07
  H. disparatus (Banks 1916) [=Parasitus disparatus] H98
  H. distans Banks 1914 FH93
  H. elegantula [=Laelaps (Hypoaspis) elegantulus] S22
  H. elongatus Götz 1952 HB69
  H. eupatori (Womersley 1956) [=Coleolaelaps eupatori] H98
  H. evansi Hunter 1964 L90
  H. favosus Turk 1948 FH93
  H. giffordi K91
  H. glabrosimilis Hischmann, Bernhard et al. 1969 HB69
  H. golanii Costa 1969 C69
  H. gracilis Greim 1952 HB69
  H. grandiporus Greim 1952 HB69
  H. hermonensis Costa 1969 C69
  H. heteronychus (Womersley 1956) [=Coleolaelaps heteronychus] H98
  H. heyi Karg 1962 C69
  H. imitata Reitblat 1963 M96
  H. inepilis Banks 1916 H98
  H. inversus (Banks 1916) [=Parasitus inversus] H98
  H. karawaiewi W87
  H. lyratus (Banks 1916) [=Parasitus lyratus] H98
  H. marksi Strandtmann & Crossley 1962 FH93
  H. meliponarum Vitzthum 1930 FH93
  H. minor Costa 1969 HB69
  H. negevi Costa 1969 C69
  H. neoaculeifer Hirschmann 1966 FH93
  H. ninabregus McGraw & Farrier 1969 FH93
  H. oblonga ET79
  H. orientalis E-KO07
  H. ovatula [=Laelaps (Hypoaspis) ovatulus] S22
  H. ovoideus Greim 1952 HB69
  H. paracasalis Ryke 1963 C69
  H. pini Hirschmann, Bernhard et al. 1969 HB69
  H. queenslandicus (Womersley 1956) (see below for synonymy) H98
  H. rhopaea (Womersley 1956) [=Coleolaelaps rhopaea] H98
  H. rosei Strong & Halliday 1994 S95
  H. ruggi Strong & Halliday 1994 S95
  H. sardoa K91
  H. schusteri Hirschmann 1966 H66
  H. sclerotarsa Costa 1968 M96
  H. similis (Moniez 1894) [=Laelaps similis] FH93
  H. simplexans (Womersley 1956) [=Coleolaelaps simplexans] H98
  H. stammeri Götz 1952 HB69
  H. stilosus (Canestrini 1884) [=Laelaps stilosus] H98
  H. vacua (Michael 1891) M96
  H. vanpletzeni Van Aswegen & Loots 1970 S95
  H. womersleyi Domrow 1957 H98

Hypoaspis queenslandicus (Womersley 1956) [=Androlaelaps queenslandicus, Geolaelaps queenslandicus, Hypoaspis queenslandica] H98

*Type species of generic name indicated


[C69] Costa, M. 1969. New dermanyssid mites (Acari: Mesostigmata) from nests of Spalax ehrenbergi Nehring. Acarologia 11 (2): 163–174.

[E-KO07] El-Kammah, K. M., & L. M. I. Oyoun. 2007. Taxonomic records of mite species associated with animal and poultry farms in the Nile delta, vally and N. Sinai Egypt. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 223–232. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[H66] Hirschmann, W. 1966. Gangsystematik der Parasitiformes. Teil 15. Gänge von Litoralmilben und neue Litoralmilbenarten. Acarologie: Schriftenreihe für Vergleichende Milbenkunde 9: 25–44.

[HB69] Hirschmann, W., F. Bernhard, E. Greim & H. Götz. 1969. Gangsystematik der Parasitiformes. Teil 75. Zwanzig neue Hypoaspis-Arten. Acarologie: Schriftenreihe für Vergleichende Milbenkunde 12: 133–141.

[K91] Kohn, M. 1991. Influence of the refuse dump biotopes on ecology of some gamasoid mites and ticks. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 199–204. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[L90] Luxton, M. 1990. The marine littoral mites of the New Zealand region. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 20 (4): 367–418.

[M96] Munderloh, E. 1996. Gamasina (Mesostigmata) in a dune transect at Spiekeroog (Germany, Lower Saxony). In: Mitchell, R., D. J. Horn, G. R. Needham & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 1. Proceedings pp. 589–594. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[SF07] Satterlee, S. M., & N. J. Fashing. 2007. A preliminary investigation of cues used by mesostigmatic mites to locate their passalid beetle hosts. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 241–248. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[S95] Strong, K. L. 1995. A new species of Hypoaspis (Acarina: Laelapidae) associated with funnel-web spiders (Araneae: Hexathelidae). Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 219–223.

[W87] Walter, D. E. 1987. Belowground arthropods of semiarid grasslands. In: J. L. Capinera (ed.) Integrated Pest Management on Rangeland: A shortgrass prairie perspective pp. 271–290. Westview Press, Inc.: Boulder (Colorado).

Last updated: 9 April 2021.

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