Trigynaspida

Micromegistus sp., photographed by S. E. Thorpe.


Belongs within: Mesostigmata.
Contains: Celaenopsoidea, Fedrizzioidea.

The Trigynaspida are a group of large mesostigmatan mites that are primarily associated with arthropods or reptiles, either as commensals or parasites. They are divided between two major lineages with the Antennophorina being generally more heavily sclerotised with fully separate tritosternal laciniae and no claws on the first legs whereas the Cercomegistoidea tend to be less sclerotised with the tritosternal laciniae usually fused for more than half their length while claws may be present on the first legs (Lindquist et al. 2009).

Characters (from Lindquist et al. 2009): Movable cheliceral digit with medial or terminal dendritic, brushlike, or filamentous ventral excrescences. Oviporus usually covered by two latigynal and one mesogynal shields that may be variously coalesced or reduced; median element (mesogynal shield) nude, subtriangular by often reduced of insensibly fused to other elements; latigynal shields each with one to many setae, free or fused posteriorly to ventral elements and/or medially to each other. Femur IV with 4-11 setae. Tarsus IV usually with setae av4 and pv4 present in adults and deutonymphs (usually on free intercalary sclerite in adult).

<==Trigynaspida [Trigynaspides]
    |--Cercomegistoidea [Cercomegistides, Cercomegistina] LKW09
    |    |--Seiodes Berlese 1887 S58 [Seiodidae LKW09]
    |    |    `--*S. ursinus Berlese 1887 E57
    |    |--Pyrosejus [Pyrosejidae] LKW09
    |    |--Asternoseius [Asternoseiidae] LKW09
    |    |    `--A. ciliatus LKW09
    |    |--Saltiseius Walker 2000 [Saltiseiidae] W00
    |    |    `--*S. hunteri Walker 2000 W00
    |    |--Davacaridae LKW09
    |    |    |--Davacarus reginaldi LKW09
    |    |    `--Acanthodavacarus klompeni LKW09
    |    `--Cercomegistidae LKW09
    |         |--Vitzthumegistus LKW09
    |         |--Celaenogamasus P94
    |         |--Cercoleipus Kinn 1970 FH93
    |         |    `--C. coelonotus Kinn 1970 FH93
    |         `--Cercomegistus Berlese 1914 FH93
    |              |--C. abires Domrow 1976 H98
    |              `--C. evonicus Berlese 1914 FH93
    `--Antennophorina [Antennophorides] LKW09
         |--Celaenopsoidea LKW09
         |--Fedrizzioidea LKW09
         |--Antennophorus Haller 1877 FH93 [Antennophoridae, Antennophoroidea LKW09]
         |    |--*A. uhlmanni Haller 1887 ET79
         |    |--A. donisthorpei Wheeler 1910 FH93
         |    |--A. foreli Wasmann 1902 V25
         |    |--A. grandis Berlese 1903 V25
         |    `--A. wasmanni Wheeler 1910 FH93
         |--Megisthanoidea LKW09
         |    |--Stenosternum Kramer 1898 FH93 [incl. Hoplomegistus Berlese 1904 FH93; Hoplomegistidae LKW09]
         |    |    |--S. armiger (Berlese 1888) [=Megistanus armiger, Hoplomegistus armiger] FH93
         |    |    |--S. bruneti (Turk 1948) [=Syngynaspis bruneti] FH93
         |    |    `--S. truittae (Butler & Hunter 1966) [=Hoplometistus truittae] FH93
         |    `--Megisthanus Thorell 1882 [Megistanidae, Megisthanidae] H98
         |         |--M. antennaepes (Say 1821) [=Gamasus antennaepes] FH93
         |         |--M. brachyurus Thorell 1882 V25
         |         |--M. floridanus Banks 1904 FH93
         |         |--M. gigantodes Stoll 1893 FH93
         |         |--M. modestus Berlese 1910 [=Megistanus modestus] H98
         |         |--M. obtusus Kramer 1895 V25
         |         |--M. testudo Thorell 1882 [=Megistanus testudo] H98
         |         `--M. thorelli Womersley 1937 H98
         |--Aenictequoidea LKW09
         |    |--Aenicteques [Aenictequidae] LKW09
         |    |    `--A. chapmani LKW09
         |    |--Physalozercon [Physalozerconidae] LKW09
         |    |    `--P. raffrayi LKW09
         |    |--Ptochacarus Silvestri 1911 H98 [Ptochacaridae LKW09]
         |    |    |--P. banksi Womersley 1958 H98
         |    |    |--P. daveyi Silvestri 1911 [=Ptocharus daveyii (l. c.)] H98
         |    |    `--P. silvestrii Womersley 1958 H98
         |    `--Messoracaridae LKW09
         |         |--Leptantennus LKW09
         |         `--Messoracarus Silvestri 1912 H98
         |              |--M. emarginatus (Banks 1916) [=Antennophorus emarginatus] H98
         |              `--M. mirandus LKW09
         `--Parantennuloidea LKW09
              |--Philodana Kethley 1977 FH93 [Philodanidae LKW09]
              |    `--P. johnstoni Kethley 1977 FH93
              |--Promegistus Womersley 1958 H98 [Promegistidae LKW09]
              |    `--P. armstrongi Womersley 1958 H98
              |--Parantennulidae LKW09
              |    |--Parantennulus scolopendrarum (Berlese 1886) V25
              |    |--Diplopodophilus LKW09
              |    `--Micromegistus Trägårdh 1948 FH93
              |         |--M. bakeri Trägårdh 1948 FH93
              |         `--M. gourlayi Womersley 1958 H98
              `--Paramegistidae LKW09
                   |--Antennogistus LKW09
                   |--Meristomegistus LKW09
                   |--Pseudomegistus Kethley 1977 H98
                   |    `--P. australis (Banks 1916) (n. d.) [=Paramegistus australis] H98
                   |--Echinomegistus Berlese 1904 FH93
                   |    |--E. caputcarabi AL37
                   |    `--E. wheeleri (Wasmann 1902) [=Antennophorus wheeleri] FH93
                   `--Ophiomegistus Banks 1914 H98
                        |--O. australicus (Womersley 1958) [=Neomegistus australicus] H98
                        `--O. clelandi Womersley 1958 H98

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[AL37] André, M., & É. Lamy. 1937. Les Idées actuelles sur la Phylogénie des Acariens. Published by the author: Paris.

[E57] Evans, G. O. 1957. An introduction to the British Mesostigmata (Acarina) with keys to families and genera. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 43: 203–259.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 124–232. Texas Tech University Press.

[P94] Pugh, P. J. A. 1994. Non-indigenous Acari of Antarctica and the sub-Antarctic islands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 110: 207–217.

[S58] Sellnick, M. 1958. Die familie Zerconidae Berlese. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 3: 313–368.

[V25] Vitzthum, H. 1925. Fauna sumatrensis. (Beitrag no. 5). Acarinae. Supplementa Entomologica 11: 1–79.

[W00] Walter, D. E. 2000. A jumping mesostigmatan mite, Saltiseius hunteri n. g., n. sp. (Acari: Mesostigmata: Trigynaspida: Saltiseiidae, n. fam.) from Australia. International Journal of Acarology 26: 25–31.

Last updated: 14 February 2020.

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