Ascidae

Female Arctoseius haarlovi, from Svalbard Insects.


Belongs within: Gamasina.
Contains: Asca.

The Ascidae are a group of predatory mites found in soil and arboreally suspended humus and litter (Lindquist et al. 2009). The two subfamilies Arctoseiinae and Ascinae can be distinguished based on setal counts: Arctoseiinae usually have four pairs of lateral setae on the opisthonotum, together with seven setae each on genua and tibiae III and IV, whereas Ascinae usually have five lateral opisthonotal setae, and eight to ten setae on genua and tibiae III and IV (Krantz & Ainscough 1990).

Characters (from Lindquist et al. 2009): Deutonymphs and adults with more than twenty pairs of dorsal shield setae; setae J1 present. Movable cheliceral digit usually bidentate; male chelicera with spermatodactyl. Female with third pair of sternal poroids on posterolateral corners of sternal shield, with sternal setae st4 usually free on soft cuticle; male with endopodal strips beside coxae III-IV usually free or narrowly connected to sternitigenital shield.

<==Ascidae [Antennoseiidae, Vitzthumiidae] ET79
    |  i. s.: Diseius M-PV-G01
    |         Africoseius Krantz 1962 FH93
    |           `--A. areolatus Krantz 1962 FH93
    |         Proctogastrolaelaps McGraw & Farrier 1969 FH93
    |           `--P. libris McGraw & Farrier 1969 FH93
    |--Arctoseiinae KA90
    |    |--Xenoseius clayi KA90
    |    |--Iphidozercon Berlese 1903 ET79 [incl. Arctoseiopsis Evans 1954 FH93]
    |    |    |--*I. gibbus (Berlese 1903) [=Eviphis gibbus] ET79
    |    |    |--I. aegypticus Hirschmann 1966 H66
    |    |    |--I. brasiliensis Hirschmann 1966 H66
    |    |    |--I. californicus Chant 1963 FH93
    |    |    |--I. corticalis Ewan 1958 H98
    |    |    |--I. kargi Hirschmann 1966 H66
    |    |    |--I. longitrichus Hirschmann 1966 H66
    |    |    `--I. schusteri Hirschmann 1966 H66
    |    |--Zerconopsis Hull 1918 ET79
    |    |    |--*Z. remiger (Kramer 1876) [=Gamasus remiger] ET79
    |    |    |--Z. decemremiger Evans & Hyatt 1960 FH93
    |    |    |--Z. labradorensis Evans & Hyatt 1960 FH93
    |    |    |--Z. michaeli Evans & Hyatt 1960 FH93
    |    |    |--Z. muestairi LKW09
    |    |    `--Z. unaka De Leon 1964 FH93
    |    `--Arctoseius Thor 1930 (see below for synonymy) ET79
    |         |--*A. laterincisus Thor 1930 ET79
    |         |--A. cetratus (Sellnick 1940) (see below for synonymy) FH93
    |         |--A. confusus Lindquist 1961 FH93
    |         |--A. eremitus (Berlese 1918) (see below for synonymy) FH93
    |         |--A. haarlovi Lindquist 1963 FH93
    |         |--A. idiodactylus Lindquist 1961 FH93
    |         |--A. minor Lindquist 1961 FH93
    |         |--A. minutus (Halbert 1915) K91b
    |         |--A. multidentatus Evans 1955 FH93
    |         |--A. ornatus Evans 1955 FH93
    |         |--A. pannonicus Willmann 1949 FH93
    |         |--A. robustus Lindquist 1961 FH93
    |         |--A. semiscissus (Berlese 1892) [=Laelaps semiscissus] H98
    |         |--A. stammeri Bernhard 1963 K91b
    |         |--A. venustulus (Berlese 1917) K91a
    |         `--A. weberi Evans 1955 FH93
    `--Ascinae [Ascainae, Ascini] KA90
         |--Ectoantennoseius LKW09
         |--Anystipalpus LKW09
         |--Anephiasca LKW09
         |--Asca H68
         |--Neojordensia Evans 1957 ET79
         |    |--*N. levis (Voigts & Oudemans 1904) ET79 [=Seiulus levis S61, Lasioseius levis S61]
         |    |--N. orientalis Chant 1963 FH93
         |    `--N. tennesseensis De Leon 1963 FH93
         |--Gamasellodes Athias-Henriot 1961 ET79, FH93
         |    |--*G. vulgatior Athias 1961 ET79
         |    |--G. bicolor (Berlese 1918) (see below for synonymy) FH93
         |    |--G. garmani Hurlbutt 1970 FH93
         |    |--G. rectiventris Lindquist 1971 FH93
         |    `--G. vermivorax Walter 1987 FH93
         |--Antennoseius Berlese 1916 [incl. Vitzthumia Thor 1930] ET79
         |    |--*A. delicatus Berlese 1916 ET79
         |    |--A. bacatus KA90
         |    |--A. borussicus Sellnick 1945 [incl. Vitzthumia magniscutum Weis-Fough 1948, A. rarus Pintchuk 1972] FH93
         |    |--A. epicrioides Schweizer 1961 S61
         |    |--A. janus Lindquist & Walter 1989 [=A. (Vitzthumia) janus] FH93
         |    |--A. masoviae Sellnick 1943 L91
         |    `--A. pannonicus Willmann 1951 FH93
         |--Protogamasellus Karg 1962 ET79
         |    |  i. s.: P. ascleronodulus LKW09
         |    |         P. minutus WP07
         |    |--P. (Protogamasellus) FH93
         |    |    |--P. (P.) mica (Athias-Henriot 1961) FH93, H98 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |    `--P. (P.) dispar Genis, Loots & Ryke 1967 FH93
         |    `--P. (Protogamasellodes) FH93
         |         |--P. (P.) hibernicus Evans 1982 FH93
         |         `--P. (P.) massulus (Athias-Henriot 1961) [=Rhodacaropsis massula] FH93
         `--Leioseius Berlese 1916 ET79 [incl. Arctoseiodes Willmann 1949 FH93]
              |--*L. minusculus (Berlese 1905) [=Ameroseius minusculus] ET79
              |--L. bicolor M91
              |--L. californicus Chant 1963 FH93
              |--L. crassipes (Berlese 1910) [=Ameroseius crassipes, Lasioseius (Leioseius) crassipes] H98
              |--L. elegantulus Schweizer 1949 S61
              |--L. elongatus ET79
              |--L. favosus (Berlese 1910) [=Ameroseius favosus, Lasioseius (Leioseius) favosus] H98
              |--‘Arctoseius’ ibericus Willmann 1949 [=*Arctoseiodes ibericus] ET79
              |--L. setosulus (Berlese 1916) [=Lasioseius (Leioseius) setosulus] FH93
              |--L. singularis Karg 1962 K91a
              |--L. vallaensis Luxton 1989 H98
              `--L. venustulus S61

Nomina nuda: Arctoseius sculptilis Lindquist 1963 FH93
             Arctoseius sexsetus Lindquist 1963 FH93
             Arctoseius tenuisetus Lindquist 1963 FH93
             Iphidozercon literatus Lindquist 1963 FH93
             Iphidozercon reticaelatus Lindquist 1963 FH93
             Leioseius tuberculatus Lindquist 1963 FH93

Arctoseius Thor 1930 [incl. Arctoseiulus Willm. 1949, Arctotarseius Willmann 1949, Tristomus Hughes 1948] ET79

Arctoseius cetratus (Sellnick 1940) [=Lasioseius cetratus; incl. A. bispinatus Weis-Fogh 1948, A. limburgensis Nesbitt 1954] FH93

Arctoseius eremitus (Berlese 1918) [=Gamasellus (Sessiluncus) eremita; incl. A. austriacus Willmann 1949, A. brevichelis Karg 1969] FH93

Gamasellodes bicolor (Berlese 1918) [=Gamasellus (Digamasellus) bicolor; incl. G. americanus Garman 1948, Digamasellus circuliformis Leitner 1949, Gamasellodes major Athias-Henriot 1961, D. shealsi Costa 1962] FH93

Protogamasellus (Protogamasellus) mica (Athias-Henriot 1961) FH93, H98 [=Rhodacarellus mica FH93; incl. *P. primitivus Karg 1962 ET79, FH93]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[H66] Hirschmann, W. 1966. Gangsystematik der Parasitiformes. Teil 15. Gänge von Litoralmilben und neue Litoralmilbenarten. Acarologie: Schriftenreihe für Vergleichende Milbenkunde 9: 25–44.

[H68] Hurlbutt, H. W. 1968. Coexistence and anatomical similarity in two genera of mites, Veigaia and Asca. Systematic Zoology 17 (3): 261–271.

[K91a] Koehler, H. H. 1991a. A five year study on the secondary succession of Gamasina on a ruderal site: the influence of recultivation. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 373–383. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[K91b] Koehler, H. H. 1991b. The impact of aldicarb on the succession of Gamasina; a one year study. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 749–758. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[KA90] Krantz, G. W., & B. D. Ainscough. 1990. Acarina: Mesostigmata (Gamasida). In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 583–665. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 124–232. Texas Tech University Press.

[L91] Lundqvist, L. 1991. Rearing deutonymphs of Iphidosoma fimetarium (J. Müller), a mesostigmatic mite associated with carabid beetles. In: Schuster, R., & P. W. Murphy (eds) The Acari: Reproduction, development and life-history strategies pp. 447–452. Chapman & Hall: London.

[M91] Mittmann, H.-W. 1991. Reactions of mite populations to the influence of environmental chemicals in a beech-wood floor. In: Schuster, R., & P. W. Murphy (eds) The Acari: Reproduction, development and life-history strategies pp. 495–496. Chapman & Hall: London.

[M-PV-G01] Montiel-Parra, G., G. A. Villegas-Guzman, M. Vargas & O. J. Polaco. 2001. Mites associated with nests of Neotoma albigula Hartley, 1894 (Rodentia: Muridae) in Durango, México. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 586–593. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

[WP07] Walter, D. E., & H. Proctor. 2007. Using your genetic system to win friends and obfuscate theorists: patterns in the distribution of genetic sex determination in the Parasitiformes. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 637–643. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

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