Macrochelidae

Venter of Macrocheles muscaedomesticae, from Qing Hai Fan.


Belongs within: Eviphidoidea.

The Macrochelidae is a group of mites that are often predatory on nematodes. Many species are found in restricted substrates such as animal dung or nests, and disperse between habitat sites by phoresis on flying insects (Lindquist et al. 2009).

Characters (from Lindquist et al. 2009): Peritremes generally looped proximally, joining the stigmata posteriorly. Genu I usually with two ventral setae; tarsus I usually without claws; paired paradactyli of pretarsi II-IV usually broad and extending to apex of claws, divided or deeply serrated distally. Male chelicera with spermatodactyl. Female with pair of conspicuous accessory sclerites beneath lateral margins of epigynal shield.

Macrochelidae [Macrochelinae]
    |--Holocelaeno melisi LKW09
    |--Neopodocinum WP99
    |--Dissoloncha LKW09
    |--Lordocheles rykei LKW09
    |--Macrholaspis Oudemans 1931 S61
    |    |--*M. opacus [=Gamasus opacus] S61
    |    `--M. dentatus S61
    |--Glyptholaspis RK91
    |    |--G. americana G91
    |    `--G. confusa S07
    |--Geholaspis KA90
    |    |--G. (Geholaspis) S61
    |    |    |--*G. (G.) longispinus (Kramer 1878) [=Gamasus longispinus] S61
    |    |    |--G. (G.) longispinosus [=Holostaspis longispinosus, Macrocheles (G.) longispinosus] S22
    |    |    `--G. (G.) longulus [=Macrocheles (G.) longulus] S22
    |    `--G. (Longicheles) mandibularis (Berlese 1904) LKW09, Koe91 [=Macrocheles (Geholaspis) mandibularis S22]
    |--Holostaspella Berlese 1904 S61
    |    |--*H. sculpta (Berlese 1904) [=Holostaspis (*Holostaspella) sculpta] S61
    |    |--H. ainscoughi KA90
    |    |--H. bifoliata LKW09
    |    `--H. punctata LKW09
    `--Macrocheles Latreille 1829 [incl. Coprholaspis Berlese 1918, Nothrholaspis Berlese 1918] S61
         |--M. muscaedomesticae (Scopoli 1772) (see below for synonymy) S61
         |--M. aciculatus [=M. (Nothrholaspis) aciculatus] S22
         |--M. alpinus S61 [=M. (Geholaspis) alpinus S22]
         |--M. carinatus (Koch 1839) Koe91
         |--M. confusa Koh91
         |--M. dimidiatus LKW09
         |--M. glaber (Müller 1860) Koe91
         |--M. insignitus M-PV-G01
         |--M. lukoschusi WP99
         |--M. matrius Y91
         |--M. merdarius Koh91
         |--M. mexicanus QA91
         |--M. minervae Cicolani 1983 CS91
         |--M. montanus Koh91
         |--M. montivagus [=M. (Nothrholaspis) montivagus] S22
         |--M. mycotrupetes KR91
         |--M. nemerdarius K09
         |--M. penicilliger (Berlese 1904) CS91
         |--M. peregrinus Krantz 1981 H01
         |--M. perglaber RK91
         |--M. pisentii KR91 [=M. (Coprholaspis) pisentii S22]
         |--M. plumiventris [incl. Holostaspis marginatus Berlese 1889 non Acarus marginatus Hermann 1804] S61
         |--M. recki Bregetova & Koroleva 1960 D91
         |--M. rettenmeyeri WP99
         |--M. robustus Koh91
         |--M. saceri KR91
         |--M. subbadius RK91
         |--M. superbus WP99
         |--M. tardus S61
         |--M. terreus [=M. (Nothrholaspis) terreus] S22
         |--M. tridentinus [=M. (Nothrholaspis) tridentinus] S22
         |--M. vagabundus S61
         `--M. vernalis RK91

Macrocheles muscaedomesticae (Scopoli 1772) [=Acarus muscaedomesticae; incl. A. marginatus Hermann 1804 non aquaticus marginatus De Geer 1778, *Macrocheles marginatus] S61

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[CS91] Cicolani, B., & A. Di Sabatino. 1991. Genetic differentiation between Macrocheles penicilliger and Macrocheles minervae (Acarina: Mesostigmata). In: Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 437-442. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[D91] Dielmann, M. 1991. Computer in acarine taxonomy: a method for systematical analysis of the genus Pergamasus (Acari: Mesostigmata). In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 239-248. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[G91] Goff, M. L. 1991. Use of Acari in establishing a postmortem interval in a homicide case on the island of Oahu, Hawaii. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 439-442. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[H01] Halliday, R. B. 2001. 250 years of Australian acarology. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 3-16. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[Koe91] Koehler, H. H. 1991. The impact of aldicarb on the succession of Gamasina; a one year study. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 749-758. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[Koh91] Kohn, M. 1991. Influence of the refuse dump biotopes on ecology of some gamasoid mites and ticks. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 199-204. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[K09] Krantz, G. W. 2009. Form and function. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology, 3rd ed., pp. 5-53. Texas Tech University Press.

[KA90] Krantz, G. W., & B. D. Ainscough. 1990. Acarina: Mesostigmata (Gamasida). In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 583-665. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[KR91] Krantz, G. W., L. A. Royce, R. R. Lowry & R. Kelsey. 1991. Mechanisms of phoretic specificity in Macrocheles (Acari: Macrochelidae). In: Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 561-569. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology, 3rd ed., pp. 124-232. Texas Tech University Press.

[M-PV-G01] Montiel-Parra, G., G. A. Villegas-Guzman, M. Vargas & O. J. Polaco. 2001. Mites associated with nests of Neotoma albigula Hartley, 1894 (Rodentia: Muridae) in Durango, México. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 586-593. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[QA91] Quintero, M. T., & H. A. Acevedo. 1991. Studies on deep litter mites on farms in Mexico. In: Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 443-448. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[RK91] Royce, L. A., & G. W. Krantz. 1991. A new rearing method for nematophagous mites. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 619-622. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23-112, 4 pls.

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i-vii, 1-207.

[S07] Shultz, J. W. 2007. A phylogenetic analysis of the arachnid orders based on morphological characters. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 150 (2): 221-265.

[WP99] Walter, D. E. & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[Y91] Yastrebtsov, A. V. 1991. Features of the embryonic development of gamasid mites (Parasitiformes, Gamasida). In: Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 115-119. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

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