Mating pair of Phyllium siccifolium, from Phasmids in Cyberspace.

Belongs within: Phasmatodea.

The Phylliinae include the leaf insects, characterised by having the abdominal terga and sterna dilated to mimic leaves. Living Phylliinae (excluding the plesiomorphic fossil Eophyllium messelensis) also have the tergal thorn pads reduced or absent, the fore femora straight, and the cerci dorsoventrally flattened (Wedmann et al. 2007).

<==Phylliinae WBR07
    |--Eophyllium Wedmann, Bradler & Rust 2007 WBR07
    |    `--*E. messelensis Wedmann, Bradler & Rust 2007 WBR07
    `--+--Nanophyllium Redtenbacher 1906 WBR07, BH07
       |    |--N. adisi Redtenbacher 1906 WBR07
       |    `--N. pygmaeum Redtenbacher 1906 BH07
       `--+--Microphyllium spinithorax Zompro 2001 WBR07
          |--‘Chitoniscus’ Stål 1875 non Herrmannsen 1846 WBR07, BH07
          |    |--C. feedjeanus (Westwood 1864) WBR07
          |    `--C. lobiventris (Blanchard 1853) BH07
          `--Phyllium Illiger 1798 WBR07, BH07
               |--P. bioculatum WBM03
               |--P. celebicum WBR07
               |--P. frondosum Redtenbacher 1908 BH07
               |--P. monteithi Brock & Hasenpusch 2003 BH07
               `--P. siccifolium Linnaeus 1758 BH07

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BH07] Brock, P. D. & J. W. Hasenpusch. 2007. Studies on the Australian stick insects (Phasmida), including a checklist of species and bibliography. Zootaxa 1570: 1-81.

[WBR07] Wedmann, S., S. Bradler & J. Rust. 2007. The first fossil leaf insect: 47 million years of specialized cryptic morphology and behavior. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 104 (2): 565-569.

[WBM03] Whiting, M. F., S. Bradler & T. Maxwell. 2003. Loss and recovery of wings in stick insects. Nature 421: 264-267.

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