Lithostrotion irregulare, from David Holloway.

Belongs within: Rugosa.

The Lithostrotionidae is a family of colonial rugose corals known from the Upper Carboniferous and Permian. Early members of the family formed branching colonies with discrete corallites; in many later representatives, the colonies became massive with the corallites more closely integrated (Nudds 1979).

    |--Stylastraea RR79
    |--Orionastraea N79
    |    |--O. edmondsi N79
    |    |--O. ensifer N79
    |    |--O. indivisa N79
    |    |--O. phillipsii N79
    |    `--O. tuberosa N79
    `--Lithostrotion Fleming 1828 W77
         |--L. araneum N79
         |--L. arundineum Etheridge 1900 F71
         |--L. asiaticum ZP86
         |--L. columnare Etheridge 1900 F71
         |--L. decipiens N79
         |--L. irregulare H04
         |--L. martini N79
         |--L. parvicolumnare F71
         |--L. pauciradiale N79
         |--L. stanvellense Etheridge 1900 [=L. stanvellensis] F71
         `--L. whitneyi Meek 1875 W77

Nomen nudum: Lithostrotion columnare semimensurum Fleming in Fletcher 1971 F71

*Type species of generic name indicated


[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[N79] Nudds, J. R. 1979. Coloniality in the Lithostrotionidae (Rugosa). In: Larwood, G., & B. R. Rosen (eds) Biology and Systematics of Colonial Organisms pp. 173–192. Academic Press: London.

[RR79] Ross, C. A., & J. R. P. Ross. 1979. Permian. In: Robison, R. A., & C. Teichert (eds) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt A. Introduction. Fossilisation (Taphonomy), Biogeography and Biostratigraphy pp. A291–A350. The Geological Society of America, Inc.: Boulder (Colorado), and The University of Kansas: Lawrence (Kansas).

[W77] White, C. A. 1877. Report upon the invertebrate fossils collected in portions of Nevada, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona, by parties of the expeditions of 1871, 1872, 1873, and 1874. U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian 4 (1): 1–219, pls 1–21.

[ZP86] Zhang, R., & J. Pojeta, Jr. 1986. New bivalves from the Datang Stage, Lower Carboniferous, Guangdong Province, China. Journal of Paleontology 60 (3): 669–679.

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