Leptoceroidea

Larva and case of Triaenodes reuteri, from Biodiversity Institute of Ontario.


Belongs within: Integripalpia.
Contains: Sericostomatoidea.

The Leptoceroidea are a group of caddisflies with the base of vein 2A in the forewing anal loop separated by a jugal fold (Ivanov & Sukatsheva 2002). Leptoceroidea may be paraphyletic with regard to the Sericostomatoidea.

Synapomorphies (from Ivanov & Sukatsheva 2002, for Leptoceroidea + Sericostomatoidea): Larva with forked lamellae only on segment 8; Gilson glands reduced on prosternum, hind legs adopting sensory function and turned upwards.

<==Leptoceroidea
    |--+--+--Tasimiidae GE05
    |  |  `--Odontocerum Lach 1815 BZ-M04 [Odontoceridae GE05, Odontocerinae]
    |  |       `--O. albicorne (Scopoli 1763) BZ-M04
    |  `--+--Atriplectididae GE05
    |     `--Philorheithridae GE05
    `--+--Sericostomatoidea GE05
       `--+--Limnocentropodidae IS02
          `--+--Molannidae GE05
             `--+--Calamoceras Brauer 1865 BZ-M04 [Calamoceratidae GE05, Calamoceratinae]
                |    `--C. marsupus Brauer 1865 BZ-M04
                `--Leptoceridae GE05
                     |  i. s.: Erotesis IS02
                     |         Oligoplectrum IS02
                     |         Triplectides PC66
                     |           |--T. australicus TDC06
                     |           |--T. cephalotes PC66
                     |           `--T. obsoleta PC66
                     `--Leptocerinae BZ-M04
                          |  i. s.: Leptocerus A71
                          |--Athripsodini BZ-M04
                          |    |--Athripsodes Billberg 1820 BZ-M04
                          |    |    |--A. albifrons (Linnaeus 1758) BZ-M04
                          |    |    `--A. taounate BZ-M04
                          |    `--Ceraclea Stephens 1829 BZ-M04
                          |         `--C. sobradieli (Navás 1917) BZ-M04
                          |--Mystacides Berthold 1827 [Mysacidini] BZ-M04
                          |    `--M. azurea (Linnaeus 1761) BZ-M04
                          |--Oecetis McLachlan 1877 [Oecetini] BZ-M04
                          |    `--O. grazalemae BZ-M04
                          |--Setodes Rambur 1842 [Setodini] BZ-M04
                          |    |--S. argentipunctellus McLachlan 1877 BZ-M04
                          |    `--S. portionalis S02
                          `--Triaenodini BZ-M04
                               |--Triaenodes
                               |    |--T. detruncatus Martynov 1924
                               |    |--T. reuteri
                               |    `--T. simulans Tjeder 1929 [incl. T. forsslundi Tjeder 1941]
                               `--Adicella McLachlan 1877 BZ-M04
                                    `--A. reducta (McLachlan 1865) BZ-M04

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[BZ-M04] Bonada, N., C. Zamora-Muñoz, M. Rieradevall & N. Prat. 2004. Trichoptera (Insecta) collected in Mediterranean river basins of the Iberian Peninsula: taxonomic remarks and notes on ecology. Graellsia 60 (1): 41-69.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[IS02] Ivanov, V. D., & I. D. Sukatsheva. 2002. Order Trichoptera Kirby, 1813. The caddisflies (=Phryganeida Latreille, 1810). In History of Insects (A. P. Rasnitsyn & D. L. J. Quicke, eds) pp. 199-220. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[PC66] Pendergrast, J. G., & D. R. Cowley. 1966. An Introduction to New Zealand Freshwater Insects. Collins: Auckland.

[S02] Sinitshenkova, N. D. 2002. Ecological history of the aquatic insects. In History of Insects (A. P. Rasnitsyn & D. L. J. Quicke, eds) pp. 388-426. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[TDC06] Timms, B. V., B. Datson & M. Coleman. 2006. The wetlands of the Lake Carey catchment, northeast Goldfields of Western Australia, with special reference to large branchiopods. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 89 (4): 175-183.

[T76] Tobias, W. 1976. Köcherfliegen und Steinfliegen einiger Gewässer in Sör Varanger (Nord-Norwegen) (Trichoptera, Plecoptera). IV. Triaenodes detruncatus Martynov neu für Norwegen. Senckenbergiana Biologica 57 (1-3): 49-53.

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