Marbled godwit Limosa fedoa, photographed by Matthew.

Belongs within: Scolopacidae.

Limosa, the godwits, is a genus of long-legged shore birds with long, slightly upcurved bills. The bill has a flexible tip and is used to probe for invertebrates on tidal flats. Summer plumage is more or less suffused with reddish coloration, particularly on the face, neck and breast.

<==Limosa Brisson 1760 [incl. Vetola Mathews 1913; Limosini] CC10
    |  i. s.: L. rufa C01
    |--L. lapponica (Linnaeus 1758) JT12, CC10 [=Scolopax lapponica CC10, *Vetola lapponica CC10]
    |    |--L. l. lapponica CC10
    |    `--L. l. baueri Naumann 1836 (see below for synonymy) CC10
    `--+--*L. limosa (Linnaeus 1758) CC10, JT12, CC10 [=Scolopax limosa CC10]
       |    |--L. l. limosa CC10
       |    |--L. l. islandica Brehm 1831 CC10
       |    `--L. l. melanuroides Gould 1846 CC10
       `--+--L. fedoa JT12
          `--L. haemastica (Linnaeus 1758) JT12, CC10 [=Scolopax haemastica CC10, Vetola haemastica CC10]

Limosa lapponica baueri Naumann 1836 [incl. L. brevipes Sharpe 1896, L. foxii Peale 1848, L. lapponica var. novaezealandiae Gray 1845, Gallinago punctata Ellman 1861] CC10

*Type species of generic name indicated


[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[C01] Csiki, E. 1901. Utivázlat [Reiseskizze]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. xii–xli. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

Last updated: 10 August 2019.

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Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="">FoS</a> = FoS