Distenia undata, copyright Robert Webster.

Belongs within: Chrysomeloidea.
Contains: Stenoderinae, Hypselominae, Cirrhicera, Cerambycinae, Parandrinae, Prioninae, Lamiinae, Spondylidinae, Lepturinae, Necydalinae.

The Cerambycidae include the longicorn beetles, distinguished (as their name suggests) by the notably long antennae of many species which may be longer than the remainder of the insect. Larvae of longicorns are generally internal feeders on plants. Eggs are typically laid under bark or into cracks in wood. Some species are significant pests as borers into wood. Adult longicorns may feed on flowers, foliage or wood (Lawrence or Britton 1991).

Most cerambycids, with the exceptions of the subfamilies Parandrinae and Prioninae, lack a distinct lateral margin on the pronotum. Tarsi are five-segmented but, except in Parandrinae and Spondylidinae, appear four-segmented due to the fourth segment being reduced and concealed beneath pads on the third. The Disteniidae are slender longicorns that are distinctive enough to have sometimes been treated as a separate family. Adults differ from other cerambycids in their chisel-shaped mandibles and clypeus which sits obliquely to the frons. Antennae usually bear long, recumbent setae lying in grooves on the posterior face. Larvae, where known, have retracted ventral mouthparts with the gula and hypostoma absent and the skin of the prothorax attached directly to the submentum.

Characters (from Lawrence & Britton 1991): Elongate, subcylindrical to somewhat flattened beetles, usually pubescent; antennae almost always more than two-thirds body length and inserted on prominences, so that they can be directed backwards over the body. Eyes usually emarginate, often deeply so; lateral pronotal carinae usually absent, often with lateral tubercles or spines on prothorax; mesonotum usually with stridulatory file; tibial spurs present on all legs; tarsal claws simple. Larvae elongate, subcylindrical to slightly flattened, lightly sclerotised and subglabrous or clothed with fine setae or patches of spinules. Head retracted into prothorax and excavated posteriorly, forming recess housing retractor muscle; antennae short; mandibles large and stout; prothorax usually more or less enlarged; legs small and widely separated, may be vestigial or absent; first six or seven abdominal segments may bear fleshy ampullae; urogomphi, if present, minute.

<==Cerambycidae [Cerambicini, Cerambycoidea, Lamiidae, Lepturidae, Longicornia, Prionidae]
    |--+--+--Cerambycinae LL20
    |  |  `--+--Parandrinae LL20
    |  |     `--Prioninae LL20
    |  `--+--Lamiinae LL20
    |     `--Disteniidae [Disteniinae] MW15
    |          |--Cometes hirticornis Lepeletier & Audinet-Serville 1828 B14
    |          |--Noemia P66b
    |          |    |--N. chalybeata Pascoe 1866 P66b
    |          |    `--N. flavicornis P66b
    |          `--Distenia Lepeletier & Audinet-Serville in Latreille 1828 TT02
    |               |--D. spinipennis MW15
    |               `--D. undata (Fabricius 1775) TT02
    `--+--+--Spondylidinae LL20
       |  `--Lepturinae LL20
       `--Necydalinae LL20

Cerambycidae incertae sedis:
  Ochrocydus huttoni FS01
  Hybolasius vegetus Broun 1881 E02
  Xylotoloides trigonellaris E02
  Ptinosoma E02
  Calliprason pallidum (Pascoe 1875) E02
  Somatidia helmsi WH02, H15
  Oemona hirta (Fabricius 1775) H82
  Psilocnaeia WFS04
    |--P. nana WFS04
    `--P. parvula WFS04
  Xyloteles WFS04
    |--X. griseus WFS04
    `--X. humeratus WFS04
  Zorion minutum T27
  Neocalliprason Brookes 1927 B27
    `--*N. elegans Brookes 1927 B27
  Pseudocalliprason B27
  Cerambycomima GE05
  Tithoes G89
    |--T. arabicus Thoms. 1877 G89
    `--T. capensis G89
  Obriaccum G89
    |--O. elegans G89
    `--O. manzonii Gestro 1889 G89
  Dichostates G89
    |--D. strigifrons Fairm. 1885 G89
    |--D. subocellatus G89
    `--D. vagepictus G89
  Ceratites jaspideus Serv. 1835 G89
  Spintheriini SW03
  Glaucytes [Glaucytini] SW03
    `--G. interrupta SW03
  Gastrosarus B88
  Poecilipe medialis B88
  Allosterna tabacicolor C01
  Neodorcadion C01
    |--N. flaschneri Pic 1890 P90a
    |--N. involvens C01
    |--N. orygi C01
    |--N. potanini C01
    `--N. zichyi Csiki 1901 C01
  Aderpas P66a
  Anamera P66a
  Liopus C01
    |--L. femoratus C01
    `--L. ganglbaueri Csiki 1901 C01
  Pogonochaerus fasciculatus C01
  Haplocnemia myops C01
  Erioderus P66b
  Paraglenea Bates 1866 B66
    |--*P. fortunei [=Glenea fortunei] B66
    `--P. swinhoei Bates 1866 B66
  Adesmus druryi I92
  Atossa [Onocephalinae] P66a
    |--*A. strenua P66a
    `--A. atomaria Pascoe 1866 P66a
  Astathes Newman 1842 [incl. Tetraophthalmus Blanchard 1845; Astatheinae] P66a
    |--A. cyanoptera Gahan 2000 G00b
    |--A. episcopalis G00b
    |--A. nigricornis P66a
    |--A. perplexa P66a
    |--A. splendida [=Cerambyx splendidus] P66a
    |--A. terminata P66a
    `--A. violaceipennis G00b
  Noserius [Cerasphorinae] P66b
    `--N. tibialis P66b
  Stenoderinae P66b
  Aegosoma [Aegosominae] P66b
    |--A. hainanensis Gahan 1900 G00b
    |--A. marginale [=Cerambyx marginalis] P66b
    |--A. ornaticolle G00b
    |--A. scabricorne P66b
    `--A. sinicum G00b
  Dorcadioninae P66a
    |--Obages Pascoe 1866 P66a
    |    `--*O. palparis Pascoe 1866 P66a
    `--Dorcadion C01
         |--D. carinatum C01
         |--D. elegans C01
         |--D. equestre C01
         |--D. ribbei [incl. D. ribbei var. rubrofemoratum] C01
         |--D. scabricolle C01
         `--D. sericatum [incl. D. sericatum var. micans] C01
  Hypselominae P66a
  Parmena rugosula [=Lamia rugosula] B35
  Colobothea picta [=Stenochorus pictus; incl. Saperda chalybea, Colobothea formosa] B35
  Adorium B35
    |--A. australe Dejean in Boisduval 1835 B35
    |--A. basale B35
    |--A. bipunctatum L02 [=Galeruca (Adorium) bipunctata G20]
    |--A. bowringi Baly 1863 Fai89a
    |--A. chrysomeloides Bates 1866 B66
    |--A. laticlavum Fairmaire 1889 Fai89a
    |--A. melanocephalum d’Urville in Boisduval 1835 B35
    `--A. posticum Dej. in Boisduval 1835 B35
  Promechus Dejean in Boisduval 1835 B35
    |--P. aeneus Dejean in Boisduval 1835 B35
    `--P. splendidus Dejean in Boisduval 1835 B35
  Pacothea hilaris H38
  Osphranteria coerulescens Redtenbacher 1850 HAB05
  Mysteria W01
  Pathocerus Waterhouse 1901 W01
    `--*P. wagneri Waterhouse 1901 W01
  Neacanthocinus obsoletus S96
  Tylocerina nodosus S96
  Graphisurus S96
  Mecynippus pubicornis LW91
  Aenictosoma P92
  Dorcadionoides P92
  Nothorrhina P92
  Palaeoasemum P92
  Parmenops P92
  Pogonocherus P92
  Pentomacrus P92
  Eugamandus P92
  Stenaspides G00a
    |--Euryphagus maxillosus G00a, P66b [=Cerambyx maxillosus P66b; incl. C. nigripes P66b]
    |--Philagathes G00a
    `--Dicelosternus Gahan 1900 G00a
         `--*D. corallinus Gahan 1900 G00a
  Eurybatus G00b
    |--E. decempunctatus G00b
    `--E. laeta G00b
  Melanauster G00b
    |--M. chinensis G00b
    |--M. horsfieldii [=Cyriocrates horsfieldii] Fai89a
    |--M. imitator G00b
    |--M. laevigator Fai89a
    |--M. macrospilus Gahan 1900 G00b
    |--M. pirouletii Fairmaire 1889 Fai89a
    `--M. similis Gahan 1900 G00b
  Zotale G00b
    |--Z. lineatus [=Mycerinopsis lineatus] G00b
    `--Z. unicolor G00b
  Prionocalus W00
    |--P. atys W00
    |--P. buckleyi W00
    |--P. cacicus W00
    |--P. guentheri W00
    |--P. iphis W00
    |--P. simonsi Waterhouse 1900 W00
    |--P. uniformis Waterhouse 1900 W00
    `--P. whitei Waterhouse 1900 W00
  Cirrhicera C72a
  Estoloides galapagoensis PP72
  Araxia sulcata C72b
  Leptostylus Lec. 1852 FS90
    |--L. bidentatus Fab. 1775 [incl. L. assimilis, L. punctatus, L. similis] FS90
    |--L. gibbulosus C72b
    |--L. gundlachi C72b
    |--L. inermis Fab. 1801 FS90
    |--L. praemorsus Fab. 1792 [incl. L. testaceus Frölich 1802] FS90
    |--L. spermovoratus Chemsak 1972 C72b
    `--L. terraecolor C72b
  Lepturges Bates 1863 FS90
    |--L. guadeloupensis Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890 FS90
    |--L. spermophagus C72b
    `--L. xantho FS90
  Lophopoeum timbouvae [incl. Baryssinus leguminicola] C72b
  Hemadius Fairmaire 1889 Fai89a
    `--*H. oenochrous Fairmaire 1889 Fai89a
  Hephialtes Thoms. 1864 FS90
    `--H. sulcatus Ol. 1795 [incl. H. castaneum, H. laevigatus, H. tricostatus] FS90
  Neocorus Thoms. 1864 FS90
    `--N. romanowskii Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890 FS90
  Philematium Thoms. 1864 FS90
    `--P. festivum Fab. 1775 [incl. P. festum, P. nobile] FS90
  Nanilla Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890 FS90
    `--*N. delauneyi Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890 FS90
  Taeniotes Serv. 1835 FS90
    |--T. farinosus Linné 1758 [incl. T. maculosus] FS90
    `--T. insularis Thoms. 1857 [incl. T. fici] FS90
  Adetus Lec. 1852 FS90
    |--A. lherminieri Dup. in Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890 FS90
    `--A. muticus FS90
  Ischiocentra [incl. Trestonia Buq. 1859 non Rafinesque 1815] FS90
    |--‘Trestonia’ fulgurata Buq. 1859 FS90
    `--‘Trestonia’ signifera Buq. 1859 FS90
  Hypomia Thoms. 1868 FS90
    |--H. grisea Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890 FS90
    `--H. simplex FS90
  Cacostola Fairm. 1859 FS90
    |--C. ornata Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890 FS90
    `--C. rugicollis FS90
  Oreodera Serv. 1835 FS90
    `--O. glauca Linné 1758 [incl. O. spengleri, O. tuberculata] FS90
  Amphionycha Lesél. 1844 FS90
    |--A. fraudatrix FS90
    `--A. nigriventris Chv. in Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890 FS90
  Drycothaea Thoms. 1868 FS90
    `--D. guadeloupensis Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890 FS90
  Mantitheus Fairmaire 1889 Fai89b
    `--*M. pekinensis Fairmaire 1889 Fai89b
  Vadonia bitliensis Chevrolat 1882 P90b (see below for synonymy)
  Ertlia Aurivillius 1907 BP02
  Leiopus O02
  Ecyrus dasycerus O02
  Tilliclytus geminatus O02

Vadonia bitliensis Chevrolat 1882 P90b [=Leptura bitlisensis Fau89; incl. V. bitliensis var. bistigmata Pic 1890 P90b, L. cribricollis Pic 1890 P90b, V. bitliensis var. instigmata Pic 1890 P90b]

*Type species of generic name indicated


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Last updated: 10 June 2022.

1 comment:

  1. Usually called longhorn beetles, rather than longicorn beetles, though either can be used ...


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