Orthalicoidea

Holotype of Cerion (Maynardia) agassizii, from here.


Belongs within: Stylommatophora.
Contains: Bulimulidae, Orthalicinae.

The Orthalicoidea are a group of relatively high-spired land snails. Members of the group are most diverse in the Americas (particularly the Neotropics), but numerous species are also known from Australasia.The Placostylidae include the flax snails of the genus Placostylus, large snails found on islands of the southwest Pacific. Among the more familiar members of the Orthalicoidea is Cerion, a genus restricted to the Caribbean but known for its high degree of morphological diversity within the region.

Characters (from Herbert & Mitchell 2009): Genitalia with accessory structures absent; phallus complex extremely long; penis, epiphallus and flagellum little differentiated; penial retractor muscle short, inserting at flagellum tip; vas deferens extremely thin, mostly embedded in wall of penis and epiphallus; bursa copulatrix duct long, diverticulum absent. Pulmonary cavity sigmurethrous, secondary ureter closed for almost entire length. Foot holopodous, foot sole undivided.

<==Orthalicoidea [Bulimulacea, Orthalicea] BR05
    |--Grangerella Cockerell 1915 [Grangerellidae] BR05
    |--Bulimulidae W08
    |--Megaspiridae BR05
    |    |--Megaspira Lea 1838 BR05
    |    `--Callionepion Pilsbry & Vanatta 1899 S88
    |--Coelociontidae [Coelociidae] BR05
    |    |--Perrieria Tapparone Canefri 1878 [Perrieriinae] BR05
    |    `--Coelocion Pilsbry 1904 [Coelociontinae] BR05
    |         `--C. australis (Forbes 1851) S88
    |--Placostylidae [Placostylinae] BR05
    |    |--Diplomorpha Ancey 1884 nec Meisner 1841 (ICBN) nec Griffith 1854 (ICBN) S88
    |    `--Placostylus Beck 1837 BR05
    |         |--P. bivaricosus [incl. P. bivaricosus var. solidus Etheridge 1891] F71
    |         |--P. bollonsi O81
    |         `--P. hongii O81
    |--Orthalicidae [Goniognatha] BR05
    |    |  i. s.: Pseudostrombus BR05
    |    |         Drymaeus Albers 1850 BP90
    |    |           |--D. dormani BP90
    |    |           |--D. montagnei [=Otostomus (Drymaeus) montagnei] A66
    |    |           |--D. multilineatus BP90
    |    |           `--D. musivus [=Otostomus (Drymaeus) musivus] A66
    |    |         Naesiotus Albers 1850 BP90
    |    |         Rabdotus Albers 1850 BP90
    |    |           |--R. alternatus BP90
    |    |           |--R. dealbatus BP90
    |    |           |--R. laevapex C90
    |    |           `--R. schiedeanus C90
    |    |--Orthalicinae BR05
    |    `--Amphibuliminae [Amphibulimidae] BR05
    |         |--Amphibulima Lamarck 1805 BR05
    |         `--Peltella Gray 1855 [Peltellina, Peltellinae] BR05
    |--Urocoptidae BR05
    |    |  i. s.: Cochlodinella Pilsbry & Vanatta 1898 BP90
    |    |           `--C. poeyana BP90
    |    |         Metastoma Strebel 1880 BP90
    |    |           `--M. roemeri BP90
    |    |--Apoma Beck 1837 [Apomatinae, Apominae] BR05
    |    |--Brachypodella Beck 1837 (see below for synonymy) BR05
    |    |--Eucalodium Crosse & Fischer 1868 [Eucalodiidae, Eucalodiinae, Eucalodinae] BR05
    |    |--Tetrentodon Pilsbry 1903 [Tetredoninae, Tetrentodontinae] BR05
    |    |--Holospira Martens 1860 [Holospirinae] BR05
    |    |    `--H. goldfussi BP90
    |    |--Urocoptis Beck 1837 [Urocoptinae] BR05
    |    |    `--*U. cylindrus [=Turbo cylindrus] BR05
    |    `--Microceraminae [Microceramidae] BR05
    |         |--Johaniceramus Jaume & de la Torre 1972 [Johaniceraminae] BR05
    |         |--Macroceramus Guilding 1829 [Macroceraminae] BR05
    |         `--Microceramus Pilsbry & Vanatta 1898 BR05
    |              `--M. pontificus BP90
    `--Cerion Röding 1798 [Ceriidae, Cerioidea, Cerionidae, Cerionoidea] BR05
         |  i. s.: ‘Strophiops’ accuminator Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 (see below for synonymy) HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ adumbra Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ agrestina Maynard 1894 [=S. agristina, S. agsestina] HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ agricola Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1919 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ albata Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ albicostata Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1924 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ albolabra Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ arbusta Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1919 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ aviaria Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ balaena Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07 [=S. balaene, S. balanae (l. c.)] HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ bimarginata Maynard 1894 HB07
         |           |--S. b. bimarginata HB07
         |           `--S. b. cera Maynard 1894 HB07
         |         C. bryanti HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ caduca Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         C. caerulescens (Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920) [=Strophiops caerulescens] HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ cana Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ candida Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ caprana Maynard 1919 [=S. capraia, S. capria] HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ carlotta Maynard 1894 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ carnale Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ castra Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ cervina Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ cinerea Maynard 1894 HB07
         |           |--S. c. cinerea HB07
         |           `--S. c. mutata Maynard 1894 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ columbiana Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ confusa Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ copia Maynard 1889 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ crassa Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ crescentia Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ cyclura Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ cylindriata Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ degenis Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ dissimila Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ eburnia Maynard 1894 [=S. eburnea (l. c.)] HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ elegantissima Maynard 1919 [=Multicostata elegantissima] HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ elongata Maynard 1894 HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ eurystoma Maynard 1896 [=S. eryrostoma] HB07
         |           |--S. e. eurystoma HB07
         |           `--S. e. ignota Maynard 1896 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ exasperata Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         C. exiguum (Maynard 1913) (see below for synonymy) HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ exorta Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ extensa Maynard 1924 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ extranea Maynard 1924 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ extrema Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ fastigata Maynard 1896 HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ faxoni Maynard 1896 HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ ferruginea Maynard 1896 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ fincastlei Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ fitzgeraldi Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ flamea Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ fragilis Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ fruticosa Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ fulminea Maynard & Clapp 1915 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ fulvia Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ genetiva Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 [=S. genitiva] HB07
         |         C. glans (Küster 1844) (see below for synonymy) HB07
         |           |--C. g. glans HB07
         |           `--‘Strophia’ g. grisea Maynard 1894 HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ grayi Maynard 1894
         |           |--S. g. grayi HB07
         |           |--S. g. gigantea Maynard 1894 HB07
         |           `--S. g. pumilia Maynard 1894 [=S. g. pumilla] HB07
         |         C. gubernatorium (Crosse 1869) (see below for synonymy) HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ hartbennetii Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ helena Maynard 1914 HB07
         |         C. hyattii (Maynard 1913) (see below for synonymy) HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ imperfecta Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         C. incanum BP90
         |         ‘Strophiops’ inconstans Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         C. inconsuetum (Maynard 1913) [=Strophiops inconsueta] HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ inexpecta Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ inornata Maynard 1919 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ inquita Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 [=S. inquieta] HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ intercalaria Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ jenneyi Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         C. laeve (Plate 1907) (see below for synonymy) HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ latonia Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ lenticularia Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         C. lentiginosum (Maynard 1889) (see below for synonymy) HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ leucophera Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1925 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ leva Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ litorea Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ lobata Maynard 1919 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ mariae Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ marmorosa Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ mayoi Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ media Maynard 1896 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ migratoria Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ mitra Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ mixta Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ mobile Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ mutatoria Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ nana Maynard 1889 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ navalis Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 [=S. navalia] HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ nebula Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ neglecta Maynard 1894 [=Strophiops neglecta] HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ normanii Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 [=S. normandi] HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ novita Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ nuda Maynard 1889 HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ obscura Maynard 1896 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ obtusa Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ ornatularufina Maynard 1913 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ oscula Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ palmata Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1919 HB07
         |           |--S. p. palmata HB07
         |           `--S. p. minuta Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ panda Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         C. pannosum (Maynard 1889) (see below for synonymy) HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ peravita Maynard 1919 [=S. perantiqua Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920] HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ persuasa Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ picturata Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ pilsbryi Maynard 1894 HB07
         |           |--S. p. pilsbryi HB07
         |           `--S. p. evolva Maynard 1894 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ plebeia Maynard 1920 [=S. plebea, S. plebia] HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ porcina Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ proavita Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ procliva Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ profunda Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ prognata Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ progressa Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ primordia Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ pulla Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ pusilla Marnard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ ralla Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ rara Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ recessa Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1919 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ rediviva Maynard 1913 HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ regula Maynard 1894 [=S. regular] HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ reliqua Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 [=S. relequa] HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ restricta Maynard 1894 HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ ritchiei Maynard 1894 [=Strophia ritchei (l. c.), Strophiops ritchiei] HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ rosacea Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ rubiginosa Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ rufula Maynard 1924 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ sampsoni Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         C. scalariforme (Maynard 1919) (see below for synonymy) HB07
         |           |--C. s. scalariforme HB07
         |           `--C. ‘asperum’ processum (Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920) (see below for synonymy) HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ scripta Maynard 1896 HB07
         |           |--S. s. scripta HB07
         |           `--S. s. obliterata Maynard 1896 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ scutata Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ semipolita Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ similaria Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ stroutii Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ stupida Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ sylvatica Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ tenucostata Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |         C. thayeri (Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921) [=Strophiops thayeri] HB07
         |         ‘Strophia’ thorndikei Maynard 1894 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ transitoria Maynard 1913 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ transmutata Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 [=S. transimutata] HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ travellii Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 [=S. travelii] HB07
         |         C. uniforme (Maynard 1913) (see below for synonymy) HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops valida’ Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 non Cerion columna var. valida Pilsbry & Vanatta 1895 HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ variata Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1919 HB07
         |         C. varium (Bonnet 1864) [incl. Strophia curtissii Maynard 1894] HB07
         |           |--C. v. varium HB07
         |           `--‘Strophia curtissii’ nivia Maynard 1894 (see below for synonymy) HB07
         |         ‘Strophiops’ veta Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 HB07
         |--C. (Diacerion) HB07
         |    |--C. (D.) dalli (Maynard 1889) [=Strophia dallii] HB07
         |    `--C. (D.) rubicundum (Menke 1829) (see below for synonymy) HB07
         |         |--C. r. rubicundum HB07
         |         `--C. r. viola (Maynard 1889) [=Strophia viola] HB07
         |--C. (Maynardia) HB07
         |    |--C. (M.) agassizii Dall 1894 (see below for synonymy) HB07
         |    `--C. (M.) columna [incl. C. columna var. valida Pilsbry & Vanatta 1895] HB07
         `--C. (Multistrophia Maynard 1894) HB07
              |--*Multistrophia’ eximea (Maynard 1894) [=Strophia eximea, Multicostata eximea] HB07
              `--C. (M.) marmoratum (Pfeiffer 1847) [incl. Strophia inflata Maynard 1889] HB07
                   |--C. m. marmoratum HB07
                   `--‘Strophia’ marmorata polita Maynard 1896 HB07

Nomen nudum: Strophiops longidentata Maynard 1919 HB07

Brachypodella Beck 1837 [incl. Cylindrella Pfeiffer 1840, Distaectria Cossmann 1891; Brachypodellidae, Cylindrellidae] BR05

Cerion ‘asperum’ processum (Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920) [=Strophiops processa; incl. S. intentata Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920] HB07

Cerion exiguum (Maynard 1913) [=Strophiops exigua; incl. S. angustocostata Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921, S. praedivina Maynard 1913, S. predivina] HB07

Cerion glans (Küster 1844) [incl. Strophiops acceptoria Maynard 1913, Strophiops affinis Maynard 1913, Strophia neglecta agava Maynard 1894, Strophiops agava, Strophiops agavaneglecta Maynard 1913, Strophiops albata Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921 non Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921, Strophia albea Maynard 1894, Strophiops albea, Strophiops angustalabra Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921, Strophiops argentia Maynard 1913, Strophiops argentea, Strophiops argntea (l. c.), Strophiops caerulea Maynard & Clapp 1915, Strophia carlotta Maynard 1894, Strophiops cinereavaria Maynard 1913, Strophiops cinereavara, Strophia coryi Maynard 1894, Cerion coryi, Strophiops coryi, Strophiops crassalabra Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921, Strophiops crassilabra, Strophiops crassamarga Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1924, Strophiops devereuxi Maynard & Clapp 1915, S. deveruaxi (l. c.), S. deveruxi (l. c.), Strophiops hesternia Maynard & Clapp 1915, Strophiops larga Maynard 1913, Strophiops livida Maynard 1924, Strophiops morula Maynard & Clapp 1915, Strophiops multa Maynard 1913, Strophiops oberholseri Maynard 1913, Strophiops obliterata Maynard 1913 non Strophia scripta obliterata Maynard 1896, Strophiops palidula Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921, Strophiops primigenia Maynard 1913, Strophiops prisca Maynard & Clapp 1915, Strophiops reincarnata Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921, Strophia cinerea robusta Maynard 1894, Strophiops salinaria Maynard 1913, Strophiops santesoni Maynard 1920, Strophiops saxitina Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921, Strophiops sparsa Maynard 1924, Strophiops sula Maynard & Clapp 1915, Strophiops territa Maynard 1920, Strophiops thompsoni Maynard & Clapp 1915, Strophia cinerea tracta Maynard 1894, Strophiops ultima Maynard 1913, Strophiops vagabunda Maynard 1925, Strophiops vetusta Maynard 1913] HB07

Cerion gubernatorium (Crosse 1869) [incl. S. clara Maynard 1924, S. delicata Maynard 1913, S. eratica Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921, S. gracila Maynard 1924, S. macularia Maynard 1913, S. minima Maynard 1924, S. montana Maynard 1924, S. phoenecia Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921, S. phoenicia, S. purpurea Maynard 1913, S. purpura, S. repetita Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920, S. rufimaculata Maynard 1913, S. tenui Maynard & Clapp 1915, S. varianivia Maynard 1913, S. variapurpurea Maynard 1913, S. variathorndikei Maynard 1913] HB07

Cerion hyattii (Maynard 1913) [=Strophiops hyattii; incl. S. rufina Maynard 1913, S. tabida Maynard 1913] HB07

Cerion laeve (Plate 1907) [incl. Strophiops clappii Maynard 1913, S. ornatula Maynard 1913, S. ornatulaclappii Maynard 1913] HB07

Cerion lentiginosum (Maynard 1889) [=Strophia lentiginosa; incl. S. alba Maynard 1889, S. brownei Maynard 1889] HB07

Cerion pannosum (Maynard 1889) [=Strophia pannosa; incl. S. acuta Maynard 1889, S. festiva Maynard 1889, S. fusca Maynard 1889, S. glaber Maynard 1889, S. intermedia Maynard 1889, S. levigata Maynard 1889, S. lineota Maynard 1889, S. nitela Maynard 1889, S. parva Maynard 1889, S. perplexa Maynard 1889, S. picta Maynard 1889] HB07

Cerion scalariforme (Maynard 1919) [=Strophiops scalariformis; incl. S. aspera Maynard 1920, Cerion asperum] HB07

Cerion uniforme (Maynard 1913) [=Strophiops uniformis; incl. S. concina Maynard 1924, S. praedicta Maynard & Clapp 1915, S. praedivinauniversa Maynard 1913, S. pygmea Maynard 1924, S. transitoria Maynard 1913, S. universa Maynard 1913, Cerion universum] HB07

Cerion (Diacerion) rubicundum (Menke 1829) [incl. S. cylindrica Maynard 1896, Strophia ianthina Maynard 1889, S. orbicularia Maynard 1889, S. palida Maynard 1889, S. pallida] HB07

Cerion (Maynardia) agassizii Dall 1894 [=Strophiops rosea Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921; incl. S. ajax Maynard 1924, S. antiqua Maynard 1913, S. avita Maynard 1913, S. flacida Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921, S. gigantea Mayanrd & Clapp in Maynard 1921 non Strophia grayi gigantea Maynard 1894, S. muralia Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1921] HB07

‘Strophia curtissii’ nivia Maynard 1894 [=Strophia curtissii nivea, Strophiops nivia Maynard 1913] HB07

‘Strophiops’ accuminator Maynard & Clapp in Maynard 1920 [=S. accumulata, S. acuminata, S. acuminator] HB07

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A66] Adams, H. 1866. List of land and freshwater shells collected by Mr. E. Bartlett on the Upper Amazons, and on the River Ucayali, eastern Peru, with descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 440-445.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, J. Frýda, B. Hausdorf, W. Ponder, Á. Valdés & A. Warén. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1-2): 1-397.

[BP90] Burch, J. B., & T. A. Pearce. 1990. Terrestrial Gastropoda. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 201-309. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[C90] Crawford, C. S. 1990. Scorpiones, Solifugae, and associated desert taxa. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 421-475. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1-167.

[HB07] Harasewych, M. G., A. J. Baldinger, Y. Villacampa & P. Greenhall. 2007. The Cerion (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Cerionidae) taxa of Charles Johnson Maynard and their type specimens. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 158 (7): 367-528.

Herbert, D. G., & A. Mitchell. 2009. Phylogenetic relationships of the enigmatic land snail genus Prestonella: the missing African element in the Gondwanan superfamily Orthalicoidea (Mollusca: Stylommatophora). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 96 (1): 203-221.

[O81] O’Brien, C. O. 1981. A. A. Book of New Zealand Wildlife: A guide to the native and introduced animals of New Zealand. Lansdowne Press: Auckland.

[S88] Solem, A. 1988. Non-camaenid land snails of the Kimberley and Northern Territory, Australia. I. Systematics, affinities and ranges. Invertebrate Taxonomy 4: 455-604.

[W08] Wilson, B. 2008. Terrestrial gastropods of Faure Island, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 75: 21-24.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS