Glareolidae

Juvenile Indian coursers Cursorius coromandelicus, photographed by Nikhil Devasar.


Belongs within: Charadriiformes.

The Glareolidae include the pratincoles and coursers, a small group of charadriiform birds found in tropical and subtropical (mostly arid) parts of the Old World. Glareolids are united by the possession of a short, strongly arched bill, but are morphologically diverse: pratincoles (Glareolinae) are long-winged birds that catch insects on the wing, while coursers (Cursoriinae) are long-legged cursorial birds.

<==Glareolidae [Glareoloidea]
    |  i. s.: Boutersemia Mayr & Smith 2001 M05
    |         Mioglareola Ballmann 1979 M02
    |           |--*M. gregaria Ballmann 1979 M02
    |           `--M. dolnicensis (Švec 1980) [=Larus dolnicensis] M02
    |--Glareolinae [Tracheliinae] B94
    |    |--Stiltia Gray 1845 [Stiltiinae] B94
    |    |    `--S. isabella SU93
    |    `--Glareola Brisson 1760 M02 [incl. Trachelia Scolopi 1769 B94]
    |         |--G. lactea SU93
    |         |--G. maldivarum Forster 1795 R85
    |         |--G. neogena Ballmann 1979 M02
    |         |--G. nordmanni D66
    |         `--G. pratincola (Linnaeus 1766) S05
    |              |--G. p. pratincola [incl. G. limbata Rüppell 1845] S05
    |              `--G. p. fuelleborni S05
    `--Cursoriinae [Tachydrominae] B94
         |--Pluvianus Vieillot 1816 [Pluvianinae] B94
         |    `--P. aegyptius (Linnaeus 1758) [incl. Charadrius melanocephalus Gmelin 1789] S05
         `--Cursorius Latham 1790 M02 [incl. Tachydromus Illiger 1811 B94]
              |--C. bicinctus (see below for synonymy) H66
              |--C. bisignatus Hartl. 1865 H66
              |--C. bitorquatus [=Rhinoptilus bitorquatus] H66
              |--C. chalcopterus (see below for synonymy) H66
              |--C. cinctus (Heuglin 1864) [=Hemerodromus cinctus] H66
              |--C. coromandelicus [incl. C. asiaticus, C. frenatus, Tachydromus orientalis] H66
              |--C. cursor A61
              |--C. gallicus [incl. C. europaeus, C. isabellinus] H66
              |--C. rufus Gould 1836 [incl. Tachydromus burchelli] H66
              `--C. senegalensis [incl. Tachydromus temminckii] H66

Cursorius bicinctus [=Rhinoptilus bicinctus, incl. C. africanus Temm. 1807, Tachydromus collaris, Charadrius grallator] H66

Cursorius chalcopterus [=Rhinoptilus chalcopterus, Tachydromus chalcopterus; incl. Cursorius superciliaris Heugl. 1865, Chalcopterus temminckii] H66

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A61] Austin, O. L., Jr. 1961. Birds of the World: A survey of the twenty-seven orders and one hundred and fifty-five families. Paul Hamlyn: London.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1-281.

[D66] Dohrn, H. 1866. Synopsis of the birds of Ilha do Principe, with some remarks on their habits and descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 324-332.

[H66] Hartlaub, G. 1866. Synopsis of the genus Cursorius. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 61-62.

[M05] Mayr, G. 2005. The Paleogene fossil record of birds in Europe. Biological Reviews 80: 515-542.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[R85] Robertson, C. J. R. (ed.) 1985. Reader’s Digest Complete Book of New Zealand Birds. Reader’s Digest: Sydney.

[SU93] Sonobe, K., & S. Usui (eds.) 1993. A Field Guide to the Waterbirds of Asia. Wild Bird Society of Japan: Tokyo.

[S05] Steinheimer, F. D. 2005. Eduard Rüppel’s avian types at the Natural History Museum, Tring (Aves). Senckenbergiana Biologica 85 (2): 233-264.

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