Eriococcidae

Gum-tree scale Eriococcus coriaceus, photographed by Arthur Chapman.


Belongs within: Coccoidea.

The Eriococcidae include scale insects causing sometimes remarkable galls on trees.

Characters (from Carver et al. 1991): Female without dorsal ostioles, ventral circuli and cerarii; anterior and posterior pairs of thoracic spiracles approximately the same size; abdominal spiracles absent; terminal segments of abdomen not fused into pygidium; anal ring usually with a single row of pores; tubular ducts, if present, with inner end invaginated to form a cup.

<==Eriococcidae
    |--Madarococcus MC94
    |--Opisthoscelis AY04
    |--Cystococcus AY04
    |--Lachnodius eucalypti B88
    |--Keithia Koteja 2000 K00
    |    `--K. luzzii Koteja 2000 K00
    |--Gedanicoccus Koteja 1988 K00
    |    `--G. gracilis Koteja 1988 K00
    |--Kuenowicoccus Koteja 1988 K00
    |    `--K. pietrzeniukae Koteja 1988 K00
    |--Eriococcus B88
    |    |--E. coriaceus B88
    |    `--E. nitidus B88
    |--Balticoccus Koteja 1988 K00
    |    |--B. oblicus Koteja 1988 K00
    |    `--B. spinosus Koteja 1988 K00
    `--Jutlandicoccus Koteja 1988 K00
         |--J. pauper Koteja 1988 K00
         `--J. perfectus Koteja 1988 K00

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[AY04] Austin, A. D., D. K. Yeates, G. Cassis, M. J. Fletcher, J. La Salle, J. F. Lawrence, P. B. McQuillan, L. A. Mound, D. J. Bickel, P. J. Gullan, D. F. Hales & G. S. Taylor. 2004. Insects 'Down Under' - diversity, endemism and evolution of the Australian insect fauna: examples from select orders. Australian Journal of Entomology 43 (3): 216-234.

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

Carver, M., G. F. Gross & T. E. Woodward. 1991. Hemiptera. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia, 2nd ed., vol. 1, pp. 429-509. Melbourne University Press.

[K00] Koteja, J. 2000. Advances in the study of fossil coccids (Hemiptera: Coccinea). Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 69: 187-218.

[MC94] Morrone, J. J., & J. M. Carpenter. 1994. In search of a method for cladistic biogeography: An empirical comparison of component analysis, Brooks parsimony analysis, and three-area statements. Cladistics 10: 99-153.

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