Coccidae

Fig wax scale Ceroplastes rusci, from here.


Belongs within: Coccoidea.

The Coccidae, soft scales, include both wax-covered and naked species.

Characters (from Carver et al. 1991): Female with paired triangular or rounded anal plates at the base of an anal cleft; anterior and posterior thoracic spiracles approximately the same size; spiracular and marginal setae present; tubular ducts with inner end cupped.

<==Coccidae
    |--Parasaissetia nigra WFS04
    |--*Ripersiella rumicis [=Ripersia rumicis] M27
    |--Phenacaspis dubia [=Chionaspis dubia] M27
    |--Eulecanium patersoniae GE05
    |--Platycoelostoma Morrison 1923 M27
    |    `--*P. compressa [=Coelostomidia compressa] M27
    |--Anoplaspis M27
    |    |--*A. metrosideri [=Lepidosaphes metrosideri] M27
    |    `--A. maskelli Morrison 1922 M27
    |--Saissetia B88
    |    |--S. hemisphaerica [incl. Lecanium coffeae, S. coffeae] B88
    |    |--S. nigra B88
    |    `--S. oleae B88
    |--Coccus B88
    |    |--C. celatus MHG04
    |    |--C. hesperidium B88
    |    `--C. pseudomagnoliarum D37
    |--Ctenochiton B88
    |    |--C. elaeocarpi B88
    |    |--C. perforatus B88
    |    `--C. viridis B88
    `--Ceroplastes B88
         |--C. ceriferus B88
         |--C. chrysanthemum G17
         |--C. destructor ZS10
         |--C. rubens B88
         `--C. rusci B88

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

Carver, M., G. F. Gross & T. E. Woodward. 1991. Hemiptera. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia, 2nd ed., vol. 1, pp. 429-509. Melbourne University Press.

[D37] Dobzhansky, T. 1937. Genetics and the Origin of Species. Columbia University Press: New York.

[G17] Girault, A. A. 1917. Descriptiones hymenopterorum chalcidoidicarum variorum cum observationibus. V. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 116-131).

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[MHG04] Maynard, G. V., J. G. Hamilton & J. F. Grimshaw. 2004. Quarantine - phytosanitary, sanitary and incursion management: an Australian entomological perspective. Australian Journal of Entomology 43 (3): 318-328.

[M27] Myers, J. G. 1927. On the nomenclature of New Zealand Homoptera. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 685-690.

[WFS04] Winks, C. J., S. V. Fowler & L. A. Smith. 2004. Invertebrate fauna of boneseed, Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. monilifera (L.) T. Norl. (Asteraceae: Calenduleae), an invasive weed in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 27: 61-72.

[ZS10] Zborowski, P. & R. Storey. 2010. A Field Guide to Insects in Australia. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

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