Chrysolampus schwarzi, photographed by Michael Gates.

Belongs within: Perilampidae.

The Chrysolampinae are a group of wasps distinguished from the closely related Perilampinae by their retention of a moveable prepectus. The biology of most species is uncertain, though the hosts where known are species of Coleoptera (Bouček 1988).

Characters (from Bouček 1988): Antennae 13-segmented, with one anellus, but proximal funicular segments often strongly shortened and then anelliform. Supraclypeal area distinct although often vaguely delimited; clypeus well delimited. expanding downward, with stout lower margin. Both mandibles with two sharp teeth. Pronotum relatively large, not fused with prepectus; notauli complete; frenal groove generally present but sometimes obsolete, apex of scutellum with apical margin carinate and more or less produced over dorsellum, set off by admarginal groove, medially subangulate. Propodeum moslly (except Parelatus) without plicae, always without nucha. Forewing generally with long marginal vein and short stigmal vein curving into uncus. Gaster often (but not in all species) with body triquetrous, convex, owing to dorsal fusion of first and second tergite. Ovipositor never produced; cerci in ventral position. Sculpture on head and thorax never regularly raised-reticulate.

Chrysolampinae B88
    |  i. s.: Elatomorpha B88
    |         Parelatus Girault 1916 B88
    |           `--*P. ater (Girault 1915) [=Elatus ater, Chrysolampus ater] B88
    |--+--+--Brachyelatus Hoffer & Nowicky 1955 MH11, B88
    |  |  |    |--*B. viridis B88
    |  |  |    |--B. flavicornis Bouček 1988 B88
    |  |  |    `--B. masneri Bouček 1988 B88
    |  |  `--Austrotoxeuma Girault 1929 MH11, B88
    |  |       |--*A. coerulea Girault 1929 B88
    |  |       `--A. kuscheli Bouček 1988 B88
    |  `--Chrysomalla Förster 1859 MH11, B88
    |       |--*C. roseri B88
    |       |--C. hesperis HB13
    |       `--C. poeta (Girault 1929) [=Toxeumoides poeta] B88
    `--Chrysolampus Spinola 1811 MH11, B88 (see below for synonymy)
         |  i. s.: *C. splendidula [=Diplolepis splendidula] B88
         |         C. aeneicorpus (Girault 1915) [=*Toxeumoides aeneicorpus; incl. T. magnimaxillae Girault 1922] B88
         |         C. clypeatus Riek 1966 B88
         |         C. hirtus Riek 1966 B88
         |         C longigaster Riek 1966 B88
         |         C. oblongiscutellum (Girault 1922) [=*Paratoximopsis oblongiscutellum] B88
         |         C. picturatus Riek 1966 B88
         |         c. silvensis (Girault 1929) [=Toxeumoides silvensis] B88
         |         *Elatus’ thenae B88
         |--C. elegans MH11
         `--+--C. schwarzi MH11
            `--C. sisymbrii MH11

Chrysolampus Spinola 1811 MH11, B88 [incl. Acroclisis Förster 1878 B88, Elatus Walker 1848 B88, Lamprostylus Förster 1856 B88, Paratoximopsis Girault 1922 B88, Toxeumoides Girault 1915 B88]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[HB13] Heraty, J. M., R. A. Burks, A. Cruaud, G. A. P. Gibson, J. Liljeblad, J. Munro, J.-Y. Rasplus, G. Delvare, P. Janšta, A. Gumovsky, J. Huber, J. B. Woolley, L. Krogmann, S. Heydon, A. Polaszek, S. Schmidt, D. C. Darling, M. W. Gates, J. Mottern, E. Murray, A. D. Molin, S. Triapitsyn, H. Baur, J. D. Pinto, S. van Noort, J. George & M. Yoder. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466-542.

[MH11] Munro, J. B., J. M. Heraty, R. A. Burks, D. Hawks, J. Mottern, A. Cruaud, J.-Y. Rasplus & P. Jansta. 2011. A molecular phylogeny of the Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). PLoS One 6 (11): e27023.

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