Diapriidae

Female Platymischus dilatatus, from Katja Seltmann.


Belongs within: Proctotrupomorpha.

The Diapriidae are a family of small endoparasitic wasps, primarily attacking Diptera but with some species associated with Hymenoptera or Coleoptera. Molecular phylogenetic analysis (Munro et al. 2011) suggests that the diapriids may be paraphyletic to the Mymarommatidae, a group of minute wasps (less than 1 mm in length) with a two-segmented petiole (Naumann 1991).

Characters (from Naumann 1991): Small (1–6 mm). Antennae usually 9–15-segmented in females, 12–14-segmented in males, usually inserted remote from clypeus on a prominent frontal shelf; wing venation reduced or wings absent; trochantellus present; tergite 2 and sternite 2 fused to form petiole; tergite 3 and sternite 3 or 4 large; cerci digitiform or plate-like. Sexual dimorphism often marked.

<==Diapriidae
    |  i. s.: Malvina punctata M83
    |         Polypeza B88
    |--+--Poecilopsilus MH11
    |  `--Diapriinae N91
    |       |--Platymischus dilatatus A71
    |       |--Loxotropa A71
    |       |--Galesus cornutus A71, MS01
    |       |--Basalys N91
    |       |--Spilomicrus N91
    |       |--Trichopria drosophilae N91, PK17
    |       |--Entomacis MH11
    |       |--Paramesius N91
    |       |--Hemilexomyia N91
    |       |--Leaiopria N91
    |       |--Austropria N91
    |       |--Propentapria R70
    |       |--Phaenopria R70
    |       |--Diapria Latreille 1802 L02
    |       |    |--D. conica [=Ichneumon conicus] L02
    |       |    `--D. hesperidum [=Chrysis hesperidum] L02
    |       `--Neurogalesus N91
    |            |--N. faunus Girault 1927 G27
    |            `--N. rubripes G27
    `--+--Belytinae A71
       |    |  i. s.: Stylaclista N91
       |    |         Psilommella N91
       |    |         Xenotoma R70
       |    |--+--Belyta validicornis MH11, MS01
       |    |  `--Opazon MH11
       |    `--+--+--Anommatium MH11
       |       |  `--Aclista MH11
       |       `--+--Cinetus californicus MH11
       |          `--Miota MH11
       `--+--Ambositrinae N91
          |    |--Ambositra famosa Z02
          |    |--Pantolytomyia ferruginea MH11
          |    |--Diaphoropria N91
          |    |--Scianomas N91
          |    |--Austroxylabis N91
          |    |--Acanthobetyla N91
          |    |--Betyla fulva R70, R60
          |    |--Neobetyla R70
          |    `--Prosoxylabis R70
          `--+--Ismarinae MH11
             `--+--Serphitidae [Serphitoidea] GE05
                |    |--Aposerphites R02
                |    `--Serphites R02
                `--Mymarommatidae [Mymarommatoidea] MH11
                     |--Mymaromma Girault 1920 MH11, GM79
                     |    `--M. anomalum MH11
                     |--Palaeomymar GE05 [incl. Petiolaria Bld. & Kryg. 1922 G30, GM79]
                     |    |--P. agapa R02
                     |    `--P. duisburgi GE05
                     `--Mymaromella Girault 1931 MH11, G31
                          |--*M. mira Girault 1931 G31
                          |--M. chaoi HB13
                          `--M. mirissima Girault 1935 G35

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[G27] Girault, A. A. 1927. Some new wild animals. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 208–210).

[G30] Girault, A. A. 1930. New pests from Australia. VIII. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 273–277).

[G31] Girault, A. A. 1931. A new habit in an old insect, Homo pudicus and new Eurytomidae. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 280–283).

[G35] Girault, A. A. 1935. Microhymenoptera Australiensis nova, mostly Chalcididae. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 315–318).

[GM79] Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 1–400.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[HB13] Heraty, J. M., R. A. Burks, A. Cruaud, G. A. P. Gibson, J. Liljeblad, J. Munro, J.-Y. Rasplus, G. Delvare, P. Janšta, A. Gumovsky, J. Huber, J. B. Woolley, L. Krogmann, S. Heydon, A. Polaszek, S. Schmidt, D. C. Darling, M. W. Gates, J. Mottern, E. Murray, A. D. Molin, S. Triapitsyn, H. Baur, J. D. Pinto, S. van Noort, J. George & M. Yoder. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[M83] Martin, N. A. 1983. Miscellaneous observations on a pasture fauna: an annotated species list. DSIR Entomology Division Report 3: 1–98.

[MS01] Mocsáry, A., & V. Szépligeti. 1901. Hymenopterák [Hymenopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 121–169. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[MH11] Munro, J. B., J. M. Heraty, R. A. Burks, D. Hawks, J. Mottern, A. Cruaud, J.-Y. Rasplus & P. Jansta. 2011. A molecular phylogeny of the Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). PLoS One 6 (11): e27023.

[N91] Naumann, I. D. 1991. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants, sawflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 916–1000. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[PK17] Peters, R. S., L. Krogmann, C. Mayer, A. Donath, S. Gunkel, K. Meusemann, A. Kozlov, L. Podsiadlowski, M. Petersen, R. Lanfear, P. A. Diez, J. Heraty, K. M. Kjer, S. Klopfstein, R. Meier, C. Polidori, T. Schmitt, S. Liu, X. Zhou, T. Wappler, J. Rust, B. Misof & O. Niehuis. 2017. Evolutionary history of the Hymenoptera. Current Biology 27 (7): 1013–1018.

[R02] Rasnitsyn, A. P. 2002. Superorder Vespidea Laicharting, 1781. Order Hymenoptera Linné, 1758 (=Vespida Laicharting, 1781). In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 242–254. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[R60] Richards, A. M. 1960. Observations on the New Zealand glow-worm Arachnocampa luminosa (Skuse) 1890. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 88 (3): 559–574.

[R70] Riek, E. F. 1970. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 867–959. Melbourne University Press.

[Z02] Zherikhin, V. V. 2002. Ecological history of the terrestrial insects. In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 331–388. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

Last updated: 29 August 2017.

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