Trigonella balansae, copyright Karl Hauser.

Belongs within: Hologalegina.
Contains: Trifolium, Lathyrus, Pisum, Vicia, Medicago.

The Fabaceae are a group of herbaceous legumes with generally pinnately divided leaves commonly ending a twining tendril.

Characters (from Flora of China): Herbs annual or perennial. Stems erect, trailing, or climbing by means of tendrils. Leaves usually paripinnate, with rachis ter­minating in a tendril, bristle, or mucro, very rarely imparipinnate or reduced to a phyllode; stipules often leaflike, oblique or semi­sagittate; leaflets 1- to many paired, margin entire, rarely dentate; stipels absent. Inflorescence an axillary raceme, or flowers in axil­lary fascicles or solitary. Calyx more or less campanulate, equally or unequally 5-toothed. Corolla papilionaceous. Stamens 10; vexillary filament free or more or less connate with others into an adaxially split sheath, free part of filaments filiform or distally dilated; anthers versatile, uniform. Ovary with 2 or more ovules; style hairy or glabrous. Legume usually laterally compressed, 2-valved, (1 or)2- to many seeded. Seeds globose, oblate, lenticular, or oblong.

<==Fabeae [Trifolieae, Vicieae] CP13
    |--Parochetus communis CP13
    `--+--+--Galega CP13
       |  |    |--G. officinalis V09
       |  |    `--G. orientalis CP13
       |  `--Cicer [Cicereae] CP13
       |       |--C. arietinum M99
       |       |--C. canariense CP13
       |       `--C. microphyllum O88
       `--+--+--Trifolium CP13
          |  `--+--+--Lathyrus CP13
          |     |  `--Pisum CP13
          |     `--+--Vicia CP13
          |        `--Lens CP13
          |             |--L. culinaris CP13
          |             |--L. ervoides PT98
          |             |--L. esculenta C06
          |             |--L. nigricans PT98
          |             `--L. orientalis PT98
          `--+--Ononis CP13
             |    |--O. natrix CP13
             |    |--O. pusilla H91
             |    `--O. reclinata PT98
             `--+--Medicago CP13
                `--+--Melilotus CP13
                   |    |--M. albus CP13
                   |    |--M. arvensis C06
                   |    |--M. indica PP07
                   |    |--M. leucantha C55
                   |    |--M. officinalis C55
                   |    `--M. parviflora C55
                   `--Trigonella CP13
                        |--T. balansae PT98
                        |--T. cariensis PT98
                        |--T. cretica CP13
                        |--T. gladiata H91
                        |--T. monspeliaca H91
                        |--T. occulta PP07
                        |--T. spicata PT98
                        |--T. stellata AGF98
                        `--T. suavissima M99

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AGF98] Abd El-Ghani, M. M., & A. G. Fahmy. 1998. Composition of and changes in the spontaneous flora of Feiran Oasis, S Sinai, Egypt, in the last 60 years. Willdenowia 28: 123–134.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CP13] Cardoso, D., R. T. Pennington, L. P. de Queiroz, J. S. Boatwright, B.-E. Van Wyk, M. F. Wojciechowski & M. Lavin. 2013. Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes. South African Journal of Botany 89: 58–75.

[C06] Cheeseman, T. F. 1906. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. John Mackay, Government Printer: Wellington.

[H91] Hubálek, Z. 1991. Biogeographic indication of natural foci of tick-borne infections. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 255–260. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[M99] Matthews, M. 1999. Heliothine Moths of Australia: A guide to bollworms and related noctuid groups. CSIRO Publishing.

[O88] Ohba, H. 1988. The alpine flora of the Nepal Himalayas: an introductory note. In: Ohba, H., & S. B. Malla (eds) The Himalayan Plants vol. 1. The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Bulletin 31: 19–46.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P., & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 15–78.

[PT98] Panitsa, M., & D. Tzanoudakis. 1998. Contribution to the study of the Greek flora: flora and vegetation of the E Aegean islands Agathonisi and Pharmakonisi. Willdenowia 28: 95–116.

[V09] Verdcourt, B. (ed.) 2009. Additions to the wild fauna and flora of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. XXVI. Miscellaneous records. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 183–194.

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