Tineo Weinmannia trichosperma, copyright Dick Culbert.

Belongs within: Oxalidales.

The Cunoniaceae are a group of flowering trees and shrubs, usually with opposite, toothed leaves, found in temperate and tropical regions of the Southern Hemisphere (Harden 1990).

Characters (from Harden 1990): Trees or shrubs, rarely climbers. Leaves opposite, rarely whorled, margins toothed (occasionally entire), simple or compound, often 3-foliolate, sometimes 1-foliolate, pinnate or palmate; stipules usually interpetiolar, often conspicuous, falling early and leaving distinctive scars between petiole bases. Inflorescence usually cymose, sometimes flowers in racemes or clustered in heads, rarely solitary. Flowers actinomorphic, generally bisexual; floral parts hypogynous, perigynous or epigynous. Sepals 4-6, sometimes basally fused and enlarging during fruit formation. Petals absent or 4-6, usually small. Stamens 8-20. Ovary usually superior or rarely half-inferior, 2-5-locular. Fruit a capsule, a nut or drupaceous.

    |--Eucryphia H08 [Eucryphiaceae, Eucryphioideae T00]
    |    |--E. lucida WM09
    |    `--E. moorei H90
    |--Davidsonia H90 [Davidsoniaceae, Davidsonioideae T00]
    |    `--D. pruriens H90
    |         |--D. p. var. pruriens H90
    |         `--D. p. var. jerseyana H90
    |--Bauera H08 [Baueraceae, Baueroideae T00]
    |    |--B. capitata H90
    |    |--B. microphylla [=B. rubioides var. microphylla] H90
    |    `--B. rubioides S09
    `--Cunonieae [Cunonioideae] T00
         |--Vesselowskya rubifolia H08, H90
         |--Pancheria mcphersonii H08
         |--Cunonia H08
         |    |--C. capensis K02
         |    |--C. macrophylla H08
         |    |--C. purpurea H08
         |    `--C. schinziana H08
         `--Weinmannia Linnaeus 1759 H08, A61
              |--W. mariquitae R96
              |--W. pinnata J87
              |--W. racemosa Linn. f. 1781 [=Leiospermum racemosum Don 1830] A61
              |--W. rolloti R96
              |--W. silvicola Sol. ex Cunningham 1839 [incl. W. fuchsioides Cunningham 1839] A61
              |    |--W. s. var. silvicola A61
              |    `--W. s. var. betulina (Cunningham) Hooker 1852 [=W. betulina Cunningham 1839] A61
              |--W. tolimensis R96
              `--W. trichosperma D03

Cunoniaceae incertae sedis:
  Macrodendron YY22
  Spiraeopsis H08
  Spiraeanthemum H08
  Geissoieae H08
    |--Lamanonia H08
    |--Pseudoweinmannia lachnocarpa H08, W95
    `--Geissois H08
         |--G. balansae H08
         |--G. benthamiana H08
         |--G. biagiana H08
         |--G. bradfordii H08
         |--G. denhamii H08
         |--G. hippocastanifolia H08
         |--G. hirsuta H08
         |--G. imthurnii H08
         |--G. intermedia H08
         |--G. lanceolata H08
         |--G. magnifica H08
         |--G. montana H08
         |--G. polyphylla H08
         |--G. pruinosa H08
         |--G. racemosa H08
         |--G. stipularis H08
         |--G. superba H08
         |--G. ternata H08
         `--G. velutina H08
  Schizomeria ovata H08, BR00
  Codia H08
  Callicoma serratifolia B00
  Gillbeea H08
  Ackama Cunn. 1839 A61
    `--A. rosaefolia Cunn. 1839 A61 [=Weinmannia rosaefolia C06]
  Opocunonia H08
  Aistopetalum H08
  Acsmithia H08
  Anodopetalum Cunningham ex Endlicher 1839 BR00
    `--*A. biglandulosum (Cunningham) Hooker 1856 (see below for synonymy) BR00
  Ceratopetalum Sm. 1793 CD02
    |--*C. gummiferum Sm. 1793 CD02
    |--C. apetalum H90
    |--C. gilesii Ettingshausen 1886 F71
    |--C. maslinensis Barnes & Hill 1999 CD02
    |--C. priscum Holmes & Holmes 1992 CD02
    |--C. succirubrum BR00
    |--C. virchowii CD02
    |--C. westermanii Barnes & Hill 1999 CD02
    `--C. wilkinsonii [=Getonites wilkinsonii] CD02
  Caldcluvia paniculosa [=Ackama paniculata] H90
  Hooglandia H08
  Cunonioxylon CBH93
  Acrophyllum australe [=Calycomis australis] H90

*Anodopetalum biglandulosum (Cunningham) Hooker 1856 [=Weinmannia biglandulosum Cunningham ex Hooker 1840, A. glandulosum (l. c.)] BR00

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A61] Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand vol. 1. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. R. E. Owen, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[BR00] Barnes, R. W., & A. C. Rozefelds. 2000. Comparative morphology of Anodopetalum (Cunoniaceae). Australian Systematic Botany 13 (2): 267–282.

[B00] Braby, M. F. 2000. Butterflies of Australia: their identification, biology and distribution vol. 1. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood (Victoria).

[C06] Cheeseman, T. F. 1906. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. John Mackay, Government Printer: Wellington.

[CD02] Clifford, H. T., & M. E. Dettmann. 2002. A winged fruit from the Tertiary of Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 48: 79–83.

[CBH93] Collinson, M. E., M. C. Boulter & P. L. Holmes. 1993. Magnoliophyta (‘Angiospermae’). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 809–841. Chapman & Hall: London.

[D03] Dusén, P. 1903. The vegetation of western Patagonia. In: Scott, W. B. (ed.) Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896–1899 vol. 8. Botany pp. 1–34. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[H90] Harden, G. J. (ed.) 1990. Flora of New South Wales vol. 1. New South Wales University Press.

[H08] Hopkins, H. C. F. 2008. The morphology of stipules and inflorescences in Geissois sensu stricto (Cunoniaceae). Kew Bulletin 63 (4): 625–638.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1–136.

[K02] Krüger, M. 2002. Revision of the Afrotropical Ennominae of the Drepanogynis group IV: the genus Drepanogynis Guenée (Lepidoptera: Geometridae). Transvaal Museum Monograph 13: 1–220.

[R96] Righi, G. 1996. Colombian earthworms. Studies on Tropical Andean Ecosystems 4: 485–607.

[S09] Stephens, T. 1909. Notes on the geology of the north-west coast of Tasmania from the River Tamar to Circular Head. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 752–767, pls 24–30.

[T00] Thorne, R. F. 2000. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, and Lamiidae). The Botanical Review 66: 441–647.

[W95] Walter, D. E. 1995. Dancing on the head of a pin: mites in the rainforest canopy. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 49–53.

[WM09] Wang, H., M. J. Moore, P. S. Soltis, C. D. Bell, S. F. Brockington, R. Alexandre, C. C. Davis, M. Latvis, S. R. Manchester & D. E. Soltis. 2009. Rosid radiation and the rapid rise of angiosperm-dominated forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (10): 3853–3858.

[YY22] Yampolsky, C., & H. Yampolsky. 1922. Distribution of sex forms in the phanerogamic flora. Bibliotheca Genetica 3: 1–62.

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