Dolichoderinae

Long-necked ant Dolichoderus attelaboides, photographed by Tom Murray.


Belongs within: Formicidae.
Contains: Iridomyrmex, Technomyrmex, Tapinoma.

The Dolichoderinae are a group of ants characterised by the presence of a transverse slit at the apex of the abdomen from which chemicals are secreted (Heterick 2009). A number of dolichoderines are notably aggressive, and some such as the Argentine ant Linepithema humile and white-footed ant Technomyrmex albipes are notorious pests.

Characters (from Heterick 2009): Mandibles triangular with teeth along entire inner margin; abdomen without impression between third and fourth abdominal segments, often soft, flexible and easily collapsed; transverse slit present at junction of hypopygium and pygidium.

<==Dolichoderinae [Dolichoderidae]
    |--Dolichoderus Lund 1831 BS06, B03
    |    |--*D. attelaboides B03
    |    |--D. affinis Emery 1889 [incl. D. affinis var. glabripes, D. affinis var. nigricans] E89b
    |    |--D. angusticornis H09
    |    |--D. australis E14
    |    |--D. bituberculatus (Mayr 1862) B03 [=Hypoclinea bituberculata B03; incl. Tapinoma gibba E89b]
    |    |--D. burmanicus Bingham 1903 B03
    |    |--D. clusor H09
    |    |--D. cuspidatus N-ZLI11
    |    |--D. feae Emery 1889 E89b
    |    |--D. formosus H09
    |    |--D. fuscus Emery 1889 [=D. feae fuscus] B03
    |    |--D. gibbifer E89b
    |    |--D. glauerti H09
    |    |--D. gracilipes [incl. D. semirufus André 1887] E89b
    |    |--D. moggridgei Forel 1880 B03
    |    |--D. nigricornis H09
    |    |--D. occidentalis H09
    |    |--D. quadripunctatus [incl. D. sibiricus] E89a
    |    |--D. reflexus H09
    |    |--D. scabridus BS06
    |    |--D. sulcaticeps (Mayr 1870) [=Hypoclinea sulcaticeps] B03
    |    |--D. taprobanae (Smith 1858) (see below for synonymy) B03
    |    |--D. thoracicus N-ZLI11 [=Tapinoma thoracica E89b]
    |    |--D. tricolor Emery 1914 E14
    |    |--D. tuberifer E89b
    |    `--D. ypsilon H09
    |         |--D. y. ypsilon H09
    |         |--D. y. nigra H09
    |         `--D. y. rufotibialis H09
    `--+--+--Technomyrmex BS06
       |  `--+--Tapinoma BS06
       |     `--Liometopum Mayr 1861 BS06, B03
       |          |--*L. microcephalum B03
       |          |--L. apiculatum BS06
       |          |--L. lindgreeni Forel 1902 B03
       |          `--L. occidentale BS06
       |               |--L. o. occidentale BM76
       |               `--L. o. luctuosum BM76
       `--+--Leptomyrmex BS06
          |    |--L. erythrocephalus BS06
          |    `--L. pallens Emery 1883 [incl. L. p. var. geniculata Emery 1914, L. p. var. nigriceps Emery 1914] E14
          `--+--+--Forelius pruinosus BS06 [=Iridomyrmex pruinosus WW90]
             |  |    |--F. p. pruinosus BM76
             |  |    `--‘Iridomyrmex’ p. analis BM76
             |  `--Dorymyrmex BS06
             |       |--D. bicolor BS06 [=Conomyrma bicolor WW90, D. pyramicus bicolor WW90]
             |       `--D. pyramicus BM76
             `--+--Azteca BS06
                |    |--A. ovaticeps BS06
                |    `--A. xanthochroa WI-B09
                `--+--Linepithema humile BS06
                   `--+--Papyrius nitidus BS06
                      `--+--+--Philidris cordatus BS06
                         |  `--Turneria bidentata BS06
                         `--Anonychomyrma BS06
                              |--A. gilberti BS06
                              |--A. itinerans H09
                              |    |--A. i. itinerans H09
                              |    `--A. i. perthensis H09
                              `--A. nitidiceps H09

Dolichoderinae incertae sedis:
  Iridomyrmex H09
  Eotapinoma GE05
    |--E. macalpini GE05
    `--E. zherichinius GE05
  Ochetellus Shattuck 1992 FT08
    |--O. flavipes H09
    |--O. glaber (Mayr 1862) FT08 [=Hypoclinea glabra B03, Iridomyrmex glaber FT08]
    `--O. punctatissimus H09
  Froggattella H09
    |--F. kirbii H09
    `--F. latispina H09
  Arnoldius H09
    |--A. flavus H09
    `--A. scissor H09
  Nebothriomyrmex majeri H09
  Doleromyrma H09
    |--D. darwiniana WFS04
    |    |--D. d. darwiniana H09
    |    `--D. d. fida H09
    `--D. rottnestensis [=Tapinoma minutum rottnestense] H09
  Hypoclinea cuspidatus H09, GE05
  Conomyrma WW90
    |--C. flavopectus [=Dorymyrmex pyramicus flavopectus] WW90
    `--C. insana WW90
  Bothriomyrmex Emery 1865 B03
    |--*B. meridionalis B03
    |--B. dalyi Forel 1895 [=B. wroughtoni dalyi] B03
    |--B. decapitans A71
    |--B. myops Forel 1895 B03
    |--B. walshi Forel 1895 B03
    `--B. wroughtoni Forel 1895 B03

Dolichoderus taprobanae (Smith 1858) [=Formica taprobanae; incl. Hypoclinea gracilipes Mayr 1878, Dolichoderus taprobanae var. gracilipes, D. semirufus André 1887] B03

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

Bingham, C. T. 1903. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera. Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-Wasps. Taylor and Francis: London.

Bohart, R. M. & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[BS06] Brady, S. G., T. R. Schultz, B. L. Fisher & P. S. Ward. 2006. Evaluating alternative hypotheses for the early evolution and diversification of ants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 103 (48): 18172–18177.

[E89a] Emery, C. 1889a. Intorno ad alcune formiche della fauna palearctica. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a 7: 439–443.

[E89b] Emery, C. 1889b. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine. XX.—Formiche di Birmania e del Tenasserim raccolte da Leonardo Fea (1885-87). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a 7: 485–520.

[E14] Emery, C. 1914. Les fourmis de la Nouvelle-Calédonie & des îles Loyalty. In: Sarasin, F., & J. Roux (eds) Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1, Heft IV, pp. 393–436, pl. 12. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[FT08] Framenau, V. W., & M. L. Thomas. 2008. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean): identification and distribution. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (1): 45–85.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[H09] Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of south-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 76: 1–206.

[MO02] Machado, G., & P. S. Oliveira. 2002. Maternal care in the Neotropical harvestman Bourguyia albiornata (Arachnida: Opiliones): oviposition site selection and egg protection. Behaviour 139: 1509–1524.

Nur-Zati A. M., G. T. Lim & A. B. Idris. 2011. Checklist of ants of selected hill dipterocarp forests of peninsular Malaysia. Serangga 16 (1): 91–105.

Wagner, R., & S. Ibáñez-Bernal. 2009. Psychodidae (sand flies, and moth flis or owl flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera, vol. 1, pp. 319–335. Ottawa, NRC Research Press.

[WW90] Wheeler, G. C., & J. Wheeler. 1990. Insecta: Hymenoptera Formicidae. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 1277–1294. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[WFS04] Winks, C. J., S. V. Fowler & L. A. Smith. 2004. Invertebrate fauna of boneseed, Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. monilifera (L.) T. Norl. (Asteraceae: Calenduleae), an invasive weed in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 27: 61–72.

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