Reduviidae

Coranus contrarius, copyright Boris Loboda.


The Reduviidae, assassin bugs, are a diverse group of predatory bugs, generally with a robust beak that is usually permanently curved and held well-separated from the head. Most reduviids are fairly robust bugs, but members of the subfamilies Emesinae and Ploeariinae are slender, long-legged forms with raptorial forelegs.

Belongs within: Cimicomorpha.

<==Reduviidae [Reduvioidea]
    |--Polytoxus [Saicinae] D14
    |    `--P. jourdani (Montr. 1864) [=Leptomera jourdani] D14
    |--Opisthoplatys [Tribelocephalinae] G75
    |    `--O. australasiae G75
    |--Phymata TW05 [Phymatidae, Phymatinae GE05]
    |    |--P. americana M73
    |    `--P. crassipes H01
    |--Stenopodinae D14
    |    |--Sastrapada armata Montr. 1864 D14
    |    `--Oncocephalus velutinus (Montr. 1864) [=Sastrapoda velutina] D14
    |--Holoptinae G75
    |    |--Aradellus distinctus G75
    |    `--Ptilocnemus femoralis G75
    |--Reduviinae G75
    |    |--Horcinia gigas G75
    |    `--Reduvius G89
    |         |--R. personatus CM07
    |         `--R. tabidus G89
    |--Peiratinae MC13
    |    |--Ectomocoris truculentus G75
    |    `--Pirates G75
    |         |--P. crassifemur G75
    |         |--P. rufipennis Lucas 1847 E12
    |         `--P. sepulchralis G75
    |--Emesinae D14
    |    |--Gardena canalana Distant 1914 D14
    |    |--Emesa barbara Lucas 1847 E12
    |    |--Micropolytoxus ZS10
    |    |--Stenolemus G75
    |    |    |--S. bituberus G75
    |    |    `--S. edwardsi G75
    |    `--Pseudobargylia MC13
    |--Harpactorinae GE05
    |    |--Orgetorixa saeva G75
    |    |--Austrarcesius bicolor G75
    |    |--Endochus cinctipes G75
    |    |--Leana australis G75
    |    |--Harpactor E12
    |    |    |--H. affinis Lucas 1847 E12
    |    |    `--H. annulatus H01
    |    |--Coranus MC13
    |    |    |--C. aridellus MC13
    |    |    |--C. contrarius H01
    |    |    |--C. granosus MC13
    |    |    `--C. hammarstroemii H01
    |    `--Pristhesancus MC13
    `--Ploeariinae B27
         |--Putoni B27
         |--Ploearia B27
         |    |--P. abrupta B27
         |    |--P. antipodum Bergroth 1927 B27
         |    `--P. huttoni B27
         `--Ploeariodes B27
              |--P. aculeatus Bergroth 1927 B27
              |--P. angulipennis Bergroth 1927 B27
              |--P. rubromaculatus B27
              |--P. seorsus Bergroth 1927 B27
              `--P. winnemana B27

Reduviidae incertae sedis:
  Panstrongylus megistus [=Triatoma megistus] A71
  Agriosphodrus YS01
  Zelurus travassoi CM07
  Rhodnius GE05
    |--R. pallescens A71
    `--R. prolixus A71
  Triatoma A71
    |--T. dimidiata A71
    |--T. infestans A71
    |--T. rubrofasciatum (De Geer 1783) [=Cimex rubrofasciatus] G76
    |--T. sanguisuga A71
    `--T. sordida L81
  Ptilocerus ochraceus GE05
  Apiomerus falviventris I92
  Prostemma H01
    |--P. guttula H01
    `--P. sanguineum H01

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[B27] Bergroth, E. 1927. Hemiptera Heteroptera from New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 671–684.

[CM07] Cokendolpher, J. C., & P. G. Mitov. 2007. Natural enemies. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., G. Machado & G. Giribet (eds) Harvestmen: The Biology of Opiliones pp. 339–373. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).

[D14] Distant, W. L. 1914. Rhynchota from New Caledonia and the surrounding islands. In: Sarasin, F., & J. Roux (eds) Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1 Heft IV pp. 369–390, pl. 11–12. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l'Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[G89] Gestro, R. 1889. Viaggio ab Assab nel Mar Rosso dei signori G. Doria ed O. Beccari con il R. Avviso «Esploratore» dal 16 Novembre 1879 al 26 Febbraio 1880.—IV. Coleotteri. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a 7: 5–72.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[G75] Gross, G. F. 1975. Plant-feeding and Other Bugs (Hemiptera) of South Australia. Heteroptera—Part I. Handbook of the Flora and Fauna of South Australia.

[G76] Gross, G. F. 1976. Plant-feeding and Other Bugs (Hemiptera) of South Australia. Heteroptera—Part II. Handbook of the Flora and Fauna of South Australia.

[H01] Horváth, G. 1901. Hemipterák [Hemiptera]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] Band II. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 245–274. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[I92] Imes, R. 1992. The Practical Entomologist. Aurum Press: London.

[L81] Long, J. L. 1981. Introduced Birds of the World: The worldwide history, distribution and influence of birds introduced to new environments. Reed: Sydney.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[M73] Mason, L. G. 1973. The habitat and phenetic variation in Phymata americana Melin (Heteroptera). Systematic Zoology 22 (3): 271–279.

[TW05] Terry, M. D., & M. F. Whiting. 2005. Mantophasmatodea and phylogeny of the lower neopterous insects. Cladistics 21: 240–257.

[YS01] Yoshizawa, K., & T. Saigusa. 2001. Phylogenetic analysis of paraneopteran orders (Insecta: Neoptera) based on forewing base structure with comments on monophyly of Auchenorrhycha (Hemiptera). Systematic Entomology 26: 1–13.

[ZS10] Zborowski, P. & R. Storey. 2010. A Field Guide to Insects in Australia. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

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