Aphaenogaster

Aphaenogaster feae, from here.


Belongs within: Myrmicinae.

Aphaenogaster, the funnel ants, is a genus of gracile ants whose members build distinctive nests, comprising a deep wide entrance tunnel surrounded by a pile of loose dirt. Aphaenogaster pythia can be regarded as a nuisance species in eastern Australia due to damage caused by its digging to pasture and tracks (Heterick 2009).

Characters (from Heterick 2009): Medium-sized, monomorphic, yellow or orange; antenna with loose four-segmented club, twelve antennal segments; postpetiole attached to front of gaster.

<==Aphaenogaster Mayr 1853 [incl. Ischnomyrmex Mayr 1862] B03
    |--*A. sardous B03
    |--A. albisetosa BS06
    |--A. beccarii (Emery 1887) [=Ischnomyrmex beccarii] B03
    |--A. blanci E89a
    |--A. cristata (Forel 1902) [=Stenamma (Aphaenogaster) cristata] B03
    |--A. feae Emery 1889 [=Aphaenogaster (Ischnomyrmex) feae] E89b
    |--A. fulva WL04
    |--A. japonica AV04
    |--A. laevior E89b
    |--A. longipes (Smith 1857) B03 [=Myrmica longipes B03, A. (*Ischnomyrmex) longipes E89b, B03]
    |--A. megommata WW90
    |--A. occidentalis BS06
    |--A. poultoni [incl. A. barbigula] H09
    |--A. pythia H09
    |--A. rothneyi (Forel 1902) [=Stenamma (Aphaenogaster) rothneyi] B03
    |--A. rudis WL04
    |--A. sagei (Forel 1902) [=Stenamma (Aphaenogaster) sagei] B03
    |--A. schurri (Forel 1902) [=Stenamma (Aphaenogaster) schurri] B03
    |--A. smythiesi (Forel 1902) [=Stenamma (Aphaenogaster) smythiesi] B03
    |--A. swammerdami BS06
    `--A. texana WL04

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[AV04] Als, T. D., R. Vila, N. P. Kandul, D. R. Nash, S.-H. Yen, Y.-F. Hsu, A. A. Mignault, J. J. Boomsma & N. E. Pierce. 2004. The evolution of alternative parasitic life histories in large blue butterflies. Nature 432: 386–390.

[B03] Bingham, C. T. 1903. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera. Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-Wasps. Taylor and Francis: London.

[BS06] Brady, S. G., T. R. Schultz, B. L. Fisher & P. S. Ward. 2006. Evaluating alternative hypotheses for the early evolution and diversification of ants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 103 (48): 18172–18177.

[E89a] Emery, C. 1889a. Intorno ad alcune formiche della fauna palearctica. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a 7: 439–443.

[E89b] Emery, C. 1889b. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine. XX.—Formiche di Birmania e del Tenasserim raccolte da Leonardo Fea (1885–87). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a 7: 485–520.

[H09] Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of south-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 76: 1–206.

[WL04] Wang, X.-H., & P. J. Lester. 2004. A preliminary study of the usefulness of morphometric tools for splitting the Monomorium antarcticum (Smith) complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), New Zealand’s most common native ants. New Zealand Entomologist 27: 103–108.

[WW90] Wheeler, G. C., & J. Wheeler. 1990. Insecta: Hymenoptera Formicidae. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 1277–1294. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

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