Mexichromis multituberculata, copyright Steve Childs.

Belongs within: Doridina.
Contains: Glossodoris, Chromodoris, Hypselodoris.

The Chromodorididae are a group of usually brightly-coloured nudibranchs that feed on sponges.

Characters (from Bertsch 1977): Body usually brightly colored, dorsal skin texture usually smooth (dorsum occasionally with small, low, round tubercles), with lamellate rhinophores and gills surrounding anus. Receptaculum seminis attached to vagina or bursa copulatrix. Radular teeth numerous; erect shaft thicker along anteroposterior axis than laterally; denticles usually present; shaft of tooth may end distally as unicuspid, bicuspid, or acuspid.

Chromodorididae [Chromodoridinae, Doriprismaticinae, Glossodorididae, Glossodoridinae, Miamiridae]
    |  i. s.: Orodoris Bergh 1875 V02
    |         Gravieria Vayssière 1912 V02
    |         Sphaerodoris Bergh 1877 V02
    |           `--S. incii (Gray 1850) [=Doris incii] H09
    |         Rosodoris Pruvot-Fol 1954 B77
    |         ‘Doris’ alba van Hasselt 1824 R84
    |--Cadlinella Thiele 1931 R84, R95 [Cadlinellinae]
    |    |--*C. ornatissima (Risbec 1928) [=Cadlina ornatissima] BR17
    |    |--‘Echinodoris’ armata Eliot 1913 (n. d.) R95
    |    `--C. hirsuta Rudman 1995 R95
    `--+--+--Glossodoris R84
       |  |--Verconia Pruvot-Fol 1931 R84, V02
       |  |    `--*V. verconis (Basedow & Hedley 1905) [=Albania verconis] R84
       |  `--Ardeadoris Rudman 1984 R84, V02
       |       `--*A. egretta Rudman 1984 R84
       `--+--Tyrinna Bergh 1898 R84, V02
          |    |--*T. nobilis Bergh 1898 R84
          |    |--T. evelinae (Marcus 1958) [=Cadlina evelinae] R84
          |    |--‘Cadlina’ japonica R84
          |    |--T. pusae Marcus 1959 R84
          |    `--‘Cadlina’ sagamiensis R84
          `--+--+--Chromodoris R84
             |  `--Pectenodoris Rudman 1984 R84, V02
             |       `--*P. trilineata (Adams & Reeve 1850) (see below for synonymy) R84
             `--+--Noumea Risbec 1928 R84, B77
                |    |--*N. romeri Risbec 1928 R84
                |    |--N. haliclona (Burn 1957) (see below for synonymy) R84
                |    |--N. nivalis Baba 1937 R84
                |    |--N. norba Marcus & Marcus 1970 R84
                |    |--N. simplex (Pease 1871) [=Chromodoris simplex] R84
                |    |--N. varians (Pease 1871) R84
                |    `--N. verconiforma Rudman 1995 R95
                `--+--+--Digidentis Rudman 1984 R84, R95
                   |  |    `--*D. arbuta (Burn 1961) [=Glossodoris arbuta, Babaina arbuta] R84
                   |  `--Thorunna Bergh 1878 R84, R95 [incl. Babaina Odhner in Franc 1968 R84; Thorunninae]
                   |       |--*T. furtiva Bergh 1878 [incl. Goniodoris flavidula Bergh 1873 (n. d.)] R84
                   |       |--T. africana Rudman 1984 R84
                   |       |--T. daniellae (Kay & Young 1969) R84, B77 [=Hypselodoris daniellae B77, Babaina daniellae B77]
                   |       |--‘Glossodoris’ florens Baba 1949 [=*Babaina florens] B77
                   |       |--T. horologia Rudman 1984 R84
                   |       |--T. montrouzieri Rudman 1995 R95
                   |       `--T. speciosus Rudman 1990 R95
                   |--Miamirinae BR17
                   |    |--Miamira Bergh 1874 BR05
                   |    |    |--*M. nobilis Bergh 1874 BR17
                   |    |    `--M. sinuata (van Hasselt 1824) [=Doris sinuata] H09
                   |    `--Ceratosoma Adams & Reeve 1850 R84, B77 [Ceratosomatidae, Ceratosomidae]
                   |         |--*C. trilobata (Gray 1827) [=Doris trilobata] BR17
                   |         |--C. amoena (Cheeseman 1886) [=Chromodoris amoena, Glossodoris amoena] R84
                   |         |--C. brevicaudatum Abraham 1876 H01
                   |         |--C. cornigerum (Adams & Reeve in Adams 1848) (see below for synonymy) R84
                   |         |--C. gibbosum Rochebrune 1894 H09
                   |         |--C. gracillimum Bergh 1876 R84
                   |         |--C. lixi Rochebrune 1894 H09
                   |         `--C. tenue Abraham 1876 H09
                   `--+--Durvilledoris Rudman 1984 R84, R95
                      |    |--*D. lemniscata (Quoy & Gaimard 1832) (see below for synonymy) R84
                      |    |--D. albofimbria Rudman 1995 R95
                      |    `--D. pusilla (Bergh 1874) R95
                      |--+--Hypselodoris R84
                      |  `--Risbecia Odhner 1934 R84, R95 [=Jeanrisbecia Odhner in Franc 1968 R84, V02]
                      |       |--R. tryoni (Garrett 1873) R95, R84 (see below for synonymy)
                      |       |--R. godeffroyana (Garrett in Bergh 1877) (see below for synonymy) R84
                      |       |--R. imperialis (Pease 1860) [=Doriprismatica imperialis, Chromodoris imperialis] R84
                      |       |--R. pulchella (Ruppell & Leuckart 1828) [=Doris pulchella, Chromodoris pulchella] R84
                      |       `--R. versicolor (Risbec 1928) [=Chromodoris versicolor] R84
                      `--Mexichromis Bertsch 1977 R84, B77
                           |--*M. antonii (Bertsch 1976) [=Chromodoris antonii] B77
                           |--M. festiva R84
                           |--M. kempfi (Marcus 1970) [=Chromodoris kempfi] R84
                           |--M. macropus Rudman 1983 R84
                           |--M. mariei (Crosse 1872) [=Doridopsis mariei; incl. Chromodoris sannio] R84
                           |--M. multituberculata (Baba 1953) [=Glossodoris multituberculata] R84
                           |--M. porterae (Cockerell 1901) (see below for synonymy) R84
                           |--M. tricolor (Cantraine 1841) [=Doris tricolor] R84
                           `--M. tura (Marcus & Marcus 1967) [=Chromodoris tura, Thorunna tura] R84

Ceratosoma cornigerum (Adams & Reeve in Adams 1848) [=Polycera cornigera; incl. C. francoisi Rochebrune 1894, Doris trifida Gray 1850] R84

*Durvilledoris lemniscata (Quoy & Gaimard 1832) [=Doris lemniscata, Glossodoris lemniscata; incl. Chromodoris clitonota Bergh 1905, G. clitonota, Doris dorsalis Gould 1852, Chromodoris luxuriosa Bergh 1874, C. scurra Bergh 1874, C. variegata Pease 1871] R84

Mexichromis porterae (Cockerell 1901) [=Chromodoris porterae, Glossodoris porterae, Hypselodoris porterae] R84

Noumea haliclona (Burn 1957) [=Glossodoris haliclona; incl. N. cameroni Burn 1966, N. margaretae Burn 1966] R84

*Pectenodoris trilineata (Adams & Reeve 1850) [=Goniodoris trilineata; incl. Chromodoris virgata Bergh 1905] R84

Risbecia godeffroyana (Garrett in Bergh 1877) [=Chromodoris godeffroyana, Goniobranchis godeffroyanus, Goniodoris godeffroyana, Hypselodoris godeffroyana] R84

Risbecia tryoni (Garrett 1873) R95, R84 [=Goniodoris tryoni R84, Chromodoris tryoni R84, Hypselodoris tryoni R84; incl. Ceratosoma francoisi Risbec 1928 non Rochebrune 1894 R84, *Risbecia francoisi Odhner 1934 R84, *Jeanrisbecia francoisi R84, R. odhneri Risbec 1953 R84]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B77] Bertsch, H. 1977. The Chromodoridinae nudibranchs from the Pacific coast of America.—Part I. Investigative methods and supra-specific taxonomy. Veliger 20 (2): 107–118.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[H01] Huys, R. 2001. Splanchnotrophid systematics: a case of polyphyly and taxonomic myopia. Journal of Crustacean Biology 21 (1): 106–156.

[R84] Rudman, W. B. 1984. The Chromodorididae (Opisthobranchia: Mollusca) of the Indo-west Pacific: a review of the genera. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 81 (2–3): 115–273.

[R95] Rudman, W. B. 1995. The Chromodorididae (Opisthobranchia: Mollusca) of the Indo-West Pacific: further species from New Caledonia and the Noumea romeri colour group. Molluscan Research 16: 1–43.

[V02] Valdés, Á. 2002. A phylogenetic analysis and systematic revision of the cryptobranch dorids (Mollusca, Nudibranchia, Anthobranchia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 136: 535–636.

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