Calliostome Calliostoma ziziphinum, copyright Christophe Quintin.

Belongs within: Vetigastropoda.

The Calliostomatinae are a group of moderately large marine snails characterised by a quadrangular aperture. Members of the type genus Calliostoma are distinguished by the lack of an umbilicus on the shell (Knight et al. 1960).

Characters (from Knight et al. 1960): Conical or turbiniform shells mostly of medium to large-medium size, anomphalous or narrowly phaneromphalous, many with flattened base; aperture quadrangular; peristome discontinuous, parietal region usually without callus; outer lip strongly prosocline; columellar lip straight, vertical or inclined, meeting parietal lip in abrupt angle, and smooth or with denticle at lower end.

<==Calliostomatinae [Ziziphina, Ziziphininae]
    |--Kishinewia Kolesnikov 1935 [Kishinewiinae] KC60
    |    `--*K. bessarabica (d’Orbigny 1844) [=Phasianella bessarabica] KC60
    |--Metaconulus Cossmann 1918 KC60
    |    `--*M. princeps (Deshayes 1863) [=Trochus princeps] KC60
    |--Photinastoma Powell 1951 KC60
    |    `--*P. taeniatum (Wood 1828) [=Trochus taeniatus] KC60
    |--Photinula Adams & Adams 1854 (see below for synonymy) KC60
    |    `--*P. coerulescens (King & Broderip 1831) (see below for synonymy) KC60
    |--Sinzowia Kolesnikov 1935 KC60
    |    `--*S. elatior (d’Orbigny 1845) [=Trochus elatior] KC60
    |--Venustatrochus Powell 1951 KC60
    |    `--*V. georgianus Powell 1951 KC60
    |--Alertalex Dell 1956 P61
    |    `--*A. blacki Dell 1956 P61 [=Calliostoma (*Alertalex) blacki KC60]
    |--Falsimargarita Powell 1951 KC60
    |    |--*F. gemma (Smith 1915) [=Margarites gemma] KC60
    |    `--F. stephaniae Rios & Simone 2005 S11
    |--Zetela Finlay 1927 P61
    |    |--*Z. textilis (Murdoch & Suter 1906) P61 [=Minolia textilis P61, Solariella (*Zetela) textilis KC60]
    |    |--Z. praetextilis (Suter 1917) [=Solariella praetextilis] F27
    |    `--Z. variabilis Dell 1956 P61
    |--Zeminolia Finlay 1927 P61
    |    |--*Z. plicatula (Murdoch & Suter 1906) [=Minolia plicatula] P61
    |    |--Z. benthicola Powell 1937 P61
    |    |--Z. luteola Powell 1937 P61
    |    |--Z. meridiana Dell 1953 P61
    |    |--Z. semireticulata (Suter 1908) P61 [=Minolia semireticulata F27, Spectamen semireticulatum F27]
    |    |--Z. tryphenensis Powell 1930 P61
    |    `--Z. vera Powell 1937 P61
    |--Astele Swainson 1855 [=Eutrochus Adams 1864] KC60
    |    |--A. (Astele) adamsi (Pilsbry 1890) (see below for synonymy) KC60
    |    |--A. (Astelena Iredale 1924) KC60
    |    |    `--A. (*A.) scitula (Adams 1855) [=Ziziphinus scitulus] KC60
    |    |--A. (Callistele Cotton & Godfrey 1935) KC60
    |    |    `--A. (*C.) calliston Verco 1905 KC60
    |    |--A. (Coralastele Iredale 1930) KC60
    |    |    `--A. (*C.) allanae Iredale 1930 KC60
    |    |--A. (Dentistyla Dall 1889) KC60
    |    |    `--A. (*D.) asperrima (Dall 1881) [=Margarita asperrima] KC60
    |    |--A. (Eurastele Coen 1946) KC60
    |    |    `--A. (*E.) lusitanica Coen 1946 KC60
    |    |--A. (Leiotrochus Conrad 1862) KC60
    |    |    `--A. (*L.) distans (Conrad 1862) [=*Leiotrochus distans] KC60
    |    |--A. (Mazastele Iredale 1936) KC60
    |    |    `--A. (*M.) glypta (Watson 1886) [=Trochus glypta] KC60
    |    |--A. (Omphalotukaia Yoshida 1948) KC60
    |    |    `--A. (*O.) hajimeana (Yoshida 1948) [=Calliostoma hajimeanum] KC60
    |    |--A. (Pulchrastele Iredale 1929) KC60
    |    |    `--A. (*P.) septenarium (Melvill & Standen 1899) [=Calliostoma septenarium] KC60
    |    `--A. (Scrobiculinus Monterosato 1889) [=Strigosella Sacco 1896] KC60
    |         `--A.(*S.) strigosa (Gmelin 1791) [=Trochus strigosus, Jujubinus (*Strigosella) strigosus] KC60
    |--Maurea Oliver 1926 P61 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--*M. tigris (Gmelin 1791) P61 [=Trochus tigris P61, Calliostoma (*Maurea) tigris KC60, *Venustas tigris KC60]
    |    |    |--M. t. tigris P61
    |    |    `--M. t. chathamensis Dell 1950 P61
    |    |--‘Calliostoma’ acutangulum Suter 1917 [=Venustas (Mucrinops) acutangula] F27
    |    |--M. benthicola Dell 1950 P61
    |    |--M. blacki Powell 1950 P61
    |    |--M. cunninghami (Griffiths & Pidgeon 1833) P61 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |    |--M. c. cunninghami P61
    |    |    |--M. c. pagoda (Oliver 1926) P61
    |    |    `--‘Venustas’ c. regifica Finlay 1927 F27
    |    |--‘Calliostoma’ filiferum Suter 1917 [=Venustas filifera] F27
    |    |--M. fouveauxiana Dell 1950 P61
    |    |--‘Calliostoma’ fragilis Finlay 1923 [=Venustas fragilis] F27
    |    |--‘Calliostoma’ gracilis Marshall 1918 [=Venustas gracilis] F27
    |    |--‘Calliostoma’ hodgei Hutton 1875 [=Venustas hodgei] F27
    |    |--M. megaloprepes (Tomlin 1948) P61
    |    |--‘Calliostoma’ oryctum Suter 1917 [=Venustas (Mucrinops) orycta] F27
    |    |--M. osbornei (Powell 1926) P61 [=Calliostoma osbornei F27, Venustas (Mucrinops) osbornei F27]
    |    |--M. pellucida (Valenciennes 1846) P61 [=Calliostoma pellucidum F27, Venustas pellucida F27]
    |    |    |--M. p. pellucida P61
    |    |    |--M. p. forsteriana Dell 1950 P61
    |    |    |--M. p. haurakiensis Dell 1950 P61
    |    |    |--M. p. morioria (Powell 1946) P61
    |    |    |--M. p. spirata (Oliver 1926) P61
    |    |    `--‘Venustas’ p. undulata (Finlay 1923) [=Calliostoma undulatum] F27
    |    |--‘Calliostoma’ ponderosum Hutton 1885 [=Venustas ponderosa] F27
    |    |--M. punctulata (Martyn 1784) P61 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |    |--M. p. punctulata P61
    |    |    |--M. p. ampla (Powell 1939) P61
    |    |    |--M. p. multigemmata Powell 1952 P61
    |    |    `--M. p. stewartiana (Oliver 1926) P61 [incl. Venustas punctulata urbanior Finlay 1927 P61, F27]
    |    |--‘Calliostoma’ selectum [=Venustas selecta] F27
    |    |--M. spectabile (Adams 1855) P61 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--‘Calliostoma’ suteri Finlay 1917 [=Venustas (Mucrinops) suteri] F27
    |    |--M. waikanae (Oliver 1926) P61
    |    `--‘Calliostoma’ waiparaense Suter 1917 [=Venustas (Mucrinops) waiparaensis] F27
    `--Calliostoma Swainson 1840 DK08 (see below for synonymy)
         |  i. s.: C. allporti [incl. Trochus tinctus Watson 1886] H08
         |         C. annulatum (Martyn 1784) O27 (see below for synonymy)
         |         C. antonii (Koch in Philippi 1843) [=Trochus antonii] O27
         |         C. australe Broderip 1835 WG71
         |         C. barbouri Clench & Aguayo 1946 BC01
         |         C. bicingulatus (Lamarck 1822) [=Trochus bicingulatus] H09
         |         C. ciliaris Menke 1843 WG71
         |         C. conuloides D56 [=Zizyphinus conuloides H64]
         |         C. costatum (Martyn 1784) O27 (see below for synonymy)
         |           |--C. c. costatum O27
         |           |--C. c. caeruleum Dall 1919 O27
         |           `--C. c. pictum Dall 1919 O27
         |         C. decapitatum Wilckens 1922 F27
         |         C. duplicatum M54
         |         C. erosum C60
         |         C. eximium Reeve 1842 O27 (see below for synonymy)
         |         C. gemmulatum Carpenter 1864 O27
         |         C. gloriosum Dall 1871 O27
         |         C. leanum [=Trochus leanus] C64
         |         C. legrandi M54
         |         C. lima [=Trochus lima; incl. C. lima var. aequisculpta] C64
         |         C. mcandreae C64
         |         C. mcleani Shasky & Campbell 1964 BC01
         |         C. monile (Reeve 1863) WG71 [=Ziziphinus monilis H09]
         |         C. nobile (Philippi 1846) [=Trochus nobilis] H09
         |         C. platinum Dall 1889 O27
         |         C. polychroma (Adams 1853) [=Ziziphinus polychroma] H09
         |         C. sayana (Sall 1889) A88
         |         C. scalenum Quinn 1992 BC01
         |         C. schemnitzi BBB-S95
         |         C. scobinatum (Reeve 1863) [=Ziziphinus scobinatus] H09
         |         C. similare (Reeve 1863) [=Ziziphinus similaris] H09
         |         C. speciosum (Adams 1855) [=Ziziphinus speciosus] H09
         |         C. splendens Carpenter 1864 O27
         |         C. supragranosum Carpenter 1864 O27
         |         C. suturale PP64
         |         C. tricolor Gabb 1865 O27
         |         C. turbinum Dall 1895 O27
         |         C. variegatum Carpenter 1865 [=C. annulatum var. variegatum] O27
         |--C. (Calliostoma) KC60
         |    |--*C. (C.) conulus (Linnaeus 1758) [=Trochus conulus] BR17
         |    `--C. (C.) ziziphinum O27
         |--C. (Ampullotrochus Monterosato 1890) KC60
         |    `--C. (*A.) granulatum (Born 1778) [=Trochus granulatus] KC60
         |--C. (Anceps Kolesnikov 1939) KC60
         |    `--C. (*A.) anceps (Eichwald 1850) [=Trochus anceps] KC60
         |--C. (Benthastelene Iredale 1936) KC60
         |    `--C. (*B.) katherina (Iredale 1936) [=*Benthastelene katherina] KC60
         |--C. (Carinator Ikebe 1942) KC60
         |    `--C. (*C.) makiyamai Ikebe 1942 KC60
         |--C. (Eucasta Dall 1889) KC60
         |    `--C. (*E.) indianum Dall 1889 KC60
         |--C. (Fautor Iredale 1924) DK08 [incl. Salsipotens Iredale 1924 KC60]
         |    |--C. (*F.) compta (Adams 1855) KC60 [=Zizyphinus comptus P61, Fautor comptus F27]
         |    |--C. armillatus [=*Salsipotens armillatus] F27
         |    |--‘Fautor’ consobrinus Powell 1958 BC01
         |    |--C. (F.) marwicki Finlay 1923 F27
         |    |--C. (F.) numapum Darragh & Kendrick 2000 DK08
         |    |--C. (F.) onustum Odhner 1924 F27 [=Fautor onustus P61]
         |    `--C. (F.) temporemutata Finlay 1924 [=C. cancellatum Finlay 1923 non Schepman 1908, C. temporemuta] F27
         |--C. (Feneoniana Kolesnikov 1939) KC60
         |    `--C. (*F.) feneonianum (d’Orbigny 1845) [=Trochus feneonianus] KC60
         |--C. (Kombologion) BC01
         |    |--C. (K.) bairdii Verrill & Smith 1880 BC01
         |    |    |--C. b. bairdii BC01
         |    |    `--C. b. rosewateri Clench & Turner 1960 BC01
         |    `--C. (K.) marionae Dall 1906 MP65
         |--C. (Laetifautor Iredale 1929) KC60
         |    `--C. (*L.) deceptum Smith 1899 [incl. C. trepidum Hedley 1907, *Laetifautor trepidum] KC60
         |--C. (Otukaia Ikebe 1942) KC60
         |    `--C. (*O.) kiheiziebisu Otuka 1939 KC60
         |--C. (Putzeysia Sulliotti 1889) [incl. Gemmula Seguenza 1876 non Weinkauff 1875] KC60
         |    `--C. (*P.) clathratum (Aradas 1847) [=Trochus clathratus] KC60
         |--C. (Sarmates Kolesnikov 1939) KC60
         |    `--C. (*S.) sarmates (Eichwald 1850) [=Trochus sarmates] KC60
         |--C. (Sinutor Cotton & Godfrey 1935) KC60
         |    `--C. (*S.) incertum (Reeve 1893) [=Ziziphinus incertus] KC60
         |--C. (Spikator Cotton & Godfrey 1935) KC60
         |    `--C. (*S.) spinulosum Tate 1893 KC60
         |--C. (Tristichotrochus Ikebe 1942) KC60
         |    `--C. (*T.) aculeatum Sowerby 1912 KC60
         `--C. (Ziziphinus Gray 1843) KC60
              |--C. (*Z.) canaliculatum (Lightfoot 1786) KC60, BR17 (see below for synonymy)
              |    |--C. c. canaliculatum O27
              |    |--C. c. nebulosum Dall 1919 O27
              |    `--C. c. transliratum Dall 1919 O27
              |--‘Ziziphinus’ antonii C64
              |--‘Ziziphinus’ ornatus [incl. Trochus nebulosus Forbes 1852, Z. nebulosus] H08
              `--‘Zizyphinus’ punctulatus H86

Nomen nudum: Ziziphinus luridus C64

Astele (Astele) adamsi (Pilsbry 1890) [=Calliostoma adamsi; incl. Trochus subcarinatus Swainson 1855 non Philippi 1843, *Astele subcarinata, *Eutrochus subcarinatus] KC60

Calliostoma Swainson 1840 DK08 [=Callisoma nec Agassiz 1846 nec Costa 1851 KC60, Callistoma KC60, Callistomus KC60, Jacinthinus Monterosato 1889 KC60; incl. Conulus Nardo 1841 nec Leske 1778 nec Rafinesque 1815 nec Fitzinger 1833 KC60, Montagua Gray 1852 non Fleming 1828 KC60, Stylotrochus Seguenza 1876 non Haeckel 1862 KC60; Calliostomatini]

Calliostoma annulatum (Martyn 1784) O27 [=Trochus annulatus O27, Ziziphinus annulatus C64; incl. T. rubiginosus C64, Calliostoma virgineum C64, T. virgineus Chemnitz 1780–1795 (non-binomial) C64]

Calliostoma costatum (Martyn 1784) O27 [=Trochus costatus O27; incl. C. castaneum C64, C. filosum C64, Trochus filosus C64, C. ligatum C64, T. ligatus C64, C. modestum C64]

Calliostoma eximium Reeve 1842 O27 [=Trochus eximius C64, Ziziphinus eximius C64; incl. Z. californicus Ad. 1851 C64, Trochus versicolor Mke. 1850 C64, Calliostoma versicolor C64]

Calliostoma (*Ziziphinus) canaliculatum (Lightfoot 1786) KC60, BR17 [=Trochus canaliculatus BR17, *Ziziphinus canaliculatus BR17; incl. T. decarinatus Perry 1811 C64, Callistoma doliarium C64, T. doliarius Chemnitz 1780–1795 (non-binomial) C64]

Maurea Oliver 1926 P61 [=Venustas Finlay 1927 P61; incl. Calliotropis Oliver 1926 non Seguenza 1903 KC60, Calotropis Thiele 1931 P61, Mauriella Oliver 1926 KC60, Mucrinops Finlay 1927 P61]

Maurea cunninghami (Griffiths & Pidgeon 1833) P61 [=Trochus cunninghami F27, Venustas cunninghami F27; incl. Calliostoma selectum (Chemnitz 1795) (nom. inv.) F27]

Maurea punctulata (Martyn 1784) P61 [=Calliostoma punctulatum F27, Venustas (Mucrinops) punctulata F27; incl. C. diaphanus F27, C. grandineus F27]

Maurea spectabile (Adams 1855) P61 [=Zizyphinus spectabilis F27, Calliostoma spectabile F27, Venustas (*Mucrinops) spectabilis F27]

Photinula Adams & Adams 1854 [=Kingotrochus von Ihering 1902, Photina Adams & Adams 1853 non Burmeister 1838] KC60

*Photinula coerulescens (King & Broderip 1831) [=Margarita coerulescens, *Kingotrochus coerulescens, *Photina coerulescens] KC60

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A88] Askew, T. M. 1988. A new species of pleurotomariid gastropod from the western Atlantic. Nautilus 102 (3): 89–91.

[BBB-S95] Boubezari, K., G. Bitar & D. Bellan-Santini. 1995. Structure et organisation de trois moulières (Mytilus galloprovincialis et Perna perna) de la région d’Alger. Mésogée 54: 63–72.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[C64] Carpenter, P. P. 1864. Supplementary report on the present state of our knowledge with regard to the Mollusca of the west coast of North America. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33: 517–686.

[C60] Cox, L. R. 1960. Gastropoda: general characteristics of Gastropoda. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt I. Mollusca 1: Mollusca—General Features, Scaphopoda, Amphineura, Monoplacophora, Gastropoda—General Features, Archaeogastropoda and some (mainly Paleozoic) Caenogastropoda and Opisthobranchia pp. I84–I169. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[DK08] Darragh, T. A., & G. W. Kendrick. 2008. Silicified Eocene molluscs from the Lower Murchison district, Southern Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24 (3): 217–246.

[D56] Dawes, B. 1956. The Trematoda with special reference to British and other European forms. University Press: Cambridge.

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[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[H86] Hutton, F. W. 1886. The Mollusca of the Pareora and Oamaru systems of New Zealand. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 205–237.

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[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

Last updated: 19 October 2021.

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