Rissooidea

Austronoba kermadecensis, from Powell (1927).


Belongs within: Littorinina.
Contains: Hauffenia (Hauffenia), Iglica (Iglica), Saxurinator, Akiyoshia, Bythiospeum, Plagigeyeria, Paladilhiopsis, Schwartziella, Barleeia, Amphithalamus, Rissoina, Nobolira, Linemera, Merelina, Notosetia, Rissoa, Cingula, Alvania, Estea, Subonoba.

The Rissooidea are a group of small to minute, mostly marine gastropods primarily supported by molecular data. The majority of species live in shallow marine habitats with smaller numbers in brackish or deeper waters. Most species have historically been classified within the Rissoidae but are now divided between several families, the Rissoidae sensu stricto usually being characterised by a simple penis in the male and lack of a differentiated sperm duct in the female. The Rissoinidae have a more complex penis that is often expanded distally, and the sperm duct expanded and forming a separate duct for most of the length of the upper oviduct gland.

Rissooidea S11
    |--Emblanda Ponder 1985 BR17 [Emblandidae BR05]
    |    `--*E. emblematica (Hedley 1906) [=Rissoa emblematica] BR17
    |--Zebinidae BR17
    |    |--Stosicia Brusina 1871 [Stosiciinae] BR17
    |    |    |--*S. buccinalis (Grateloup 1828) [=Rissoa buccinalis] BR17
    |    |    `--S. planaxoides (Desmoulins in Grateloup 1838) [=Rissoa planaxoides] C75
    |    `--Zebininae BR17
    |         |--Schwartziella BR05
    |         `--Zebina Adams & Adams 1854 BR05
    |              `--*Z. semiglabrata (Adams 1854) [=Rissoina semiglabrata] BR17
    |--Barleeiidae [Barleeiadae, Barleeiinae, Barleeioidea] S11
    |    |--Tropidorissoia secunda Rolán & Templado 1994 BC01
    |    |--Barleeia BR05
    |    |--Amphithalamus S11
    |    |--Ansola Slavoshevskaya 1975 [Ansolidae] BR05
    |    |    `--*A. angustata (Pilsbry 1901) [=Assiminea angustata] BR17
    |    `--Fictonoba TTE93
    |         |--F. carnosa HS01
    |         `--F. similis (Laws 1950) TTE93
    |--Rissoinidae [Rissoininae, Rissoinoidea] BR17
    |    |--Rissoina BR05
    |    |--Phosinella Mörch 1876 [Phosinellinae] BR05
    |    |    `--*P. pulchra (Adams 1850) [=Rissoa pulchra] BR17
    |    |--Rissolina Gould 1861 [Rissolinidae] BR05
    |    |    `--*R. plicatula (Gould 1861) [=Rissoina plicatula] BR17
    |    |--Folinia Crosse 1868 [Foliniinae] BR05
    |    |    `--*F. insignis (de Folin 1867) [=Rissoa insignis] BR17
    |    `--Nilsia Finlay 1927 F27
    |         |--*N. conica (Odhner 1924) [=Fossarus conicus] P61
    |         `--N. cuvieriana (Suter 1908) P61 [=Rissoina cuvieriana F27]
    |--Lironobidae BR17
    |    |--Nobolira P27
    |    |--Linemera P27
    |    |--Lironoba Iredale 1915 P27, BR05 [Lironobinae]
    |    |    |--*L. suteri (Hedley 1904) [=Rissoa suteri] P61
    |    |    |--L. anomala Powell 1940 P61
    |    |    |--L. charassa P27
    |    |    |--L. matai Dell 1952 P61
    |    |    `--L. wilsonensis P27
    |    |--+--Brookesena Finlay 1927 P61 [=Vindex P27]
    |    |  |    |--*B. neozelanica (Suter 1908) P61 [=Mathilda neozelanica P61, *Vindex neozelanica P27]
    |    |  |    `--B. succincta (Suter 1908) P61 [=Aclis succincta F27, Vindex succincta P27]
    |    |  `--Larochella Powell 1927 P27
    |    |       |--*L. toreuma Powell 1927 P27
    |    |       `--L. alta Powell 1927 P27
    |    `--+--Merelina P27
    |       |--Awanuia Powell 1927 P27
    |       |    `--*A. dilatata Powell 1927 P27
    |       `--Promerelina Powell 1926 P27, P61
    |            |--*P. crosseaformis Powell 1926 P61
    |            |--P. coronata Powell 1926 P61
    |            |--P. lacunosa Powell 1940 P61
    |            `--P. tricarinata Powell 1937 P61
    `--Rissoidae [Rissoaina, Rissoinae] PC08
         |  i. s.: Notosetia P61
         |         Frigidoalvania brychia (Verrill 1884) VR89
         |         Lucidestea Laseron 1956 BM88
         |         Crisilla BC01
         |           |--C. alvarezi Templado & Rolán 1993 BC01
         |           |--C. graxai Templado & Rolán 1993 BC01
         |           |--C. luquei Templado & Rolán 1993 BC01
         |           |--C. morenoi Templado & Rolán 1993 BC01
         |           |--C. orteai Templado & Rolán 1993 BC01
         |           `--C. vidali Templado & Rolán 1993 BC01
         |         Manzonia BC01
         |           |--M. boavistensis Rolán 1987 BC01
         |           |--M. bravensis Rolán 1987 BC01
         |           |--M. caboverdensis Rolán 1987 BC01
         |           |--M. gofasi Rolán & Fernandes 1990 BC01
         |           |--M. insulsa Rolán 1987 BC01
         |           |--M. salensis Rolán 1987 BC01
         |           |--M. segadei Rolán 1987 BC01
         |           `--M. xicoi Rolán 1987 BC01
         |         Obtusella lata Rolán & Rubio 1999 BC01
         |         Peringiella tuber Rolán 1991 BC01
         |         Bralitzia Gründel 1998 PC08, GK02
         |           `--B. foersteri Gründel 1998 G01
         |         Ovirissoa Hedley 1916 P61
         |           |--*O. adarensis [=Rissoa adarensis] P61
         |           `--O. nivea Powell 1957 [incl. O. fraudulenta Tomlin 1948 non Smith 1907] P61
         |         Scalaronoba Powell 1927 P61
         |           |--*S. costata Powell 1927 P61
         |           `--S. secunda Powell 1940 P61
         |         Haurakiopsis Powell 1937 P61
         |           `--*H. pellucida Powell 1937 P61
         |         Powellia Finlay 1927 non Mitt. 1868 (ICBN) F27 [=Badenia Finlay 1930 P61]
         |           |--*P. lactea Finlay 1927 F27 [=*Badenia lactea P61]
         |           |--P. comes Finlay 1927 F27
         |           |--‘Badenia’ duplicata Powell 1937 P61
         |           |    |--B. d. duplicata P61
         |           |    `--B. d. exuta Powell 1937 P61
         |           |--P. paupereques Finlay 1927 F27 [=Badenia paupereques P61]
         |           `--P. semireticulata (Murdoch & Suter 1906) F27 [=Aclis semireticulata F27, Badenia semireticulata P61]
         |         Coenaculum Iredale 1924 P61
         |           |--*C. minutulum [=Scalaria minutula] P61
         |           |--C. secundum Powell 1937 P61
         |           `--C. tertium Dell 1952 P61
         |         Manawatawhia Powell 1937 P61
         |           `--*M. analoga Powell 1937 P61
         |         Eusetia Cotton 1944 P61
         |           |--*E. expansa (Powell 1930) [=Rissopsis expansa] P61
         |           `--E. subcarinata (Murdoch & Suter 1906) [=Diala subcarinata] P61
         |         Rissopsetia Dell 1956 P61
         |           `--*R. maoria Dell 1956 P61
         |         Skenella Pfeiffer 1886 P61
         |           |--*S. georgiana P61
         |           |--S. pfeifferi Suter 1909 P61
         |           `--S. spadix HS01
         |         Coelacanthia Andrusov 1890 [Coelacanthiinae] BR17
         |           `--*C. quadrispinosa Andrusov 1890 BR17
         |         Rissoa BR05
         |         Turbona Leach in Gray 1847 [Turbonidae] BR05
         |           `--*T. ‘reticulata’ (Adams 1797) [=Turbo reticulatus non Solander 1766] BR17
         |         Mohrensternia Stoliczka 1868 [Mohrensterniidae, Mohrensterniinae] BR05
         |           `--*M. angulata (Eichwald 1830) [=Rissoa angulata] BR17
         |         Cingula BR05
         |         Alvania BR05
         |         Haurakia Iredale 1915 [Haurakiidae] BR05
         |           |--*H. hamiltoni (Suter 1898) [=Rissoa hamiltoni] P61
         |           |--H. aupouria Powell 1937 P61
         |           |--H. crassicosta Powell 1955 P61
         |           |--H. finlayi Powell 1937 P61
         |           |--H. huttoni (Suter 1898) P61
         |           |--H. minuscula Powell 1955 P61
         |           |--H. oamarutica F27
         |           |--H. otagoensis Dell 1956 P61
         |           `--H. subsuturalis Dell 1956 P61
         |         Archaschenia Zhgenti 1981 [Archascheniinae, Archascheniini] BR05
         |           `--*A. merklini Zhgenti 1981 BR17
         |         ‘Pseudosetia’ Monterosato 1884 non Boisduval 1874 [Pseudosetiinae] BR05
         |           `--*P. turgida (Jeffreys 1870) [=Rissoa turgida] BR17
         |         Pusillina Monterosato 1884 [Pusillininae] BR05
         |           |--‘Rissoa’ philippi Aradas & Maggiore 1844 (see below for synonymy) BR17
         |           |--P. harpa (Verrill 1880) VR89
         |           |--P. inconspicua (Alder 1844) BM88
         |           `--P. pseudareolata (Warén 1974) VR89
         |         Setia Adams & Adams 1852 [Setiinae] BR05
         |           |--*S. pulcherrima (Jeffreys 1848) [=Rissoa pulcherrima] BR17
         |           |--S. candida L10
         |           `--S. turriculata Monterosato 1884 SW04
         |         Rissocerithium nicosiai Conti & Fischer 1981 TTE93
         |         Zebinostoma TTE93
         |           |--Z. nicolisi (Parona 1894) TTE93
         |           `--Z. turrita (Parona 1894) TTE93
         |         Trochoturboella tethysiana Conti & Fischer 1982 TTE93
         |         Fenella crystallina C64
         |         Trachyochrida filocincta B50
         |         Stankovicia baicaliiformis B50
         |         Isselia Semper in Schmeltz 1874 [=Isseliella Nevill ex Weinkauff 1881] C75
         |           |--*I. mirabilis (Dunker in Schmeltz 1874) [=Rissoina mirabilis, *Isseliella mirabilis] C75
         |           |--I. aberrans (Adams 1850) [=Rissoa aberrans, Alvania aberrans] C75
         |           |--I. semitexta (Hedley 1899) (see below for synonymy) C75
         |           `--I. serrei (Bavay 1922) [=Stossichia serrei] C75
         |--Estea P27
         |--Notoscrobs Powell 1927 P27
         |    |--*N. ornatus Powell 1927 [=N. ornata] P61
         |    |--N. erosus (Odhner 1924) P61 [=Rissoa erosa P27, Amphithalamus erosus F27]
         |    `--N. triangula (May 1915) [=Amphithalamus triangulus] P27
         |--Onoba Adams & Adams 1852 P27, BR05 [Onobidae]
         |    |--*O. striata (Adams 1797) BR17 [=Rissoa striata BR17; incl. R. striata var. saxatilis N79]
         |    |--O. oculeus CS77
         |    `--O. pelagica (Stimpson 1851) VR89
         |--Striatestea Powell 1927 P27
         |    |--*S. bountyensis Powell 1927 P27
         |    |--S. eulima Powell 1940 P61
         |    |--S. iravadioides [=Estea iravadioides] P27
         |    `--S. janjucensis [=Estea janjucensis] P27
         `--+--Botellus Iredale 1924 P27
            |    |--*B. bassianus [=Onoba bassiana] P27
            |    `--B. glomerosus (Hedley 1907) [=Onoba glomerosa] P27
            `--+--Subonoba P27
               `--Austronoba Powell 1927 P27
                    |--*A. candidissima (Webster 1905) P61 [=Rissoa candidissima P27, Onoba candidissima P27]
                    |--A. carnosa (Webster 1905) P61 [=Rissoa carnosa P27, Onoba carnosa P27]
                    |--A. iredalei Powell 1937 P61
                    |--A. kermadecensis Powell 1927 P27
                    |--A. martini Finlay 1928 P61
                    |--A. obliquata Powell 1940 P61
                    `--A. oliveri Powell 1927 P27

Rissooidea incertae sedis:
  Arganiella Giusti & Pezzoli 1980 BV86
    `--A. pescei Giusti & Pezzoli 1980 BV86
  Boleana Radoman 1973 BV86
    `--B. umbilicata (Kuščer 1932) BV86
  Bracenica Radoman 1973 BV86
    `--B. spiridoni Radoman 1973 BV86
  Catapyrgus Climo 1974 BV86
    `--C. spelaeus Climo 1974 BV86
  Cavernisa Radoman 1978 BV86
    `--C. zaschevi (Angelov 1959) BV86
  Cilgia Schütt 1968 BV86
    `--C. dalmatica (Schütt 1961) BV86
  Coahuilix Taylor 1966 BV86
    `--C. hubbsi Taylor 1966 BV86
  Cochliopopsis Mori 1938 BV86
    `--C. basiangulata Mori 1938 BV86
  Costellina Kuščer 1933 BV86
    `--C. turrita Kuščer 1933 BV86
  Dalmatella Velkovrh 1970 BV86
    `--D. sketi Velkovrh 1970 BV86
  Falsibelgrandiella Radoman 1973 BV86
    `--F. bunarica Radoman 1973 BVF86
  Fissuria Boeters 1981 BV86
    `--F. boui Boeters 1981 BV86
  Gocea Hadžišče 1956 BV86
    `--G. ohridana Hadžišče 1956 BV86
  Graziana Radoman 1978 BV86
    `--G. lacheineri (Küster 1852) BV86
  Heideella Backhuys & Boeters 1974 BV86
    `--H. andreae Backhuys & Boeters 1974 BV86
  Insignia Angelov 1972 BV86
    `--I. macrostoma Angelov 1972 BV86
  Kainarella Starobogatov 1972 BV86
    `--K. minima Starobogatov 1972 BV86
  Kerkia Radoman 1978 BV86
    `--K. kusceri (Bole 1961) BV86
  Litthabitella Boeters 1970 BV86
    `--L. chilodia (Westerlund 1886) BV86
  Mervicia Bole 1967 BV86
    `--M. eximia Bole 1967 BV86
  Ohridohauffenia Hadžišče 1956 BV86
    `--O. minuta (Radoman 1955) BV86
  ‘Paulia’ Bourguignat 1882 nec Fée 1836 (ICBN) nec Gray 1840 BV86
    `--P. exigua Boettger 1905 BV86
  Phreatica Velkovrh 1970 BV86
    `--P. bolei Velkovrh 1970 BV86
  Pontobelgrandiella Radoman 1978 BV86
    `--P. nitida (Angelov 1972) BV86
  Pseudavenionia Bodon & Giusti 1982 BV86
    `--P. pedemontana Bodon & Giusti 1982 BV86
  Strugia Radoman 1973 BV86
    `--S. ohridana Radoman 1973 BV86
  Terranigra Radoman 1978 BV86
    `--T. kosovica Radoman 1978 BV86
  Zaumia Radoman 1973 BV86
    `--Z. kusceri (Hadžišče 1956) BV86
  Zavalia Radoman 1973 BV86
    `--Z. vjetrenicae Radoman 1973 BV86
  Baglivia Brusina 1892 BV86
    |--B. karamani Kuščer 1936 BV86
    `--B. tellinii (Pollonera 1898) BV86
  Daudebardiella Boettger 1905 BV86
    |--D. asiana Boettger 1905 BV86
    `--D. naegelei Boettger 1905 BV86
  Emmericiella Pilsbry 1909 BV86
    |--E. longa (Pilsbry 1909) BV86
    `--E. novimundi (Pilsbry 1909) BV86
  Hadopyrgus Climo 1974 BV86
    |--H. anops Climo 1974 BV86
    `--H. brevis Climo 1974 BV86
  Kuschelita Climo 1974 BV86
    |--K. inflata Climo 1974 BV86
    `--K. mica Climo 1974 BV86
  Lyhnidia Hadžišče 1956 BV86
    |--L. karamani Hadžišče 1956 BV86
    `--L. stankovici Hadžišče 1956 BV86
  Marstoniopsis Altena 1936 BV86
    |--M. croatica Schütt 1974 BV86
    `--M. scholtzi (Schmidt 1856) BV86
  Moria Kuroda & Habe 1958 BV86
    |--M. akiyoshiensis (Kuroda & Habe 1958) BV86
    `--M. kubotai (Kuroda & Habe 1958) BV86
  Opacuincola Ponder 1966 BV86
    |--O. caeca Ponder 1966 BV86
    `--O. kuscheli Climo 1974 BV86
  Alzoniella Giusti & Bodon 1984 BV86
    |--A. feneriensis Giusti & Bodon 1984 BV86
    |--A. finalina Giusti & Bodon 1984 BV86
    `--A. sigestra Giusti & Bodon 1984 BV86
  Anagastina Radoman 1978 BV86
    |--A. gluhodolica (Radoman 1973) BV86
    |--A. hadouphylax (Schütt 1959) BV86
    `--A. matjasici (Bole 1961) BV86
  Erythropomatiana Radoman 1978 BV86
    |--E. erythropomatia (Hauffen 1856) BV86
    |--E. kerschneri (Zimmermann 1930) BV86
    `--E. verdica Radoman 1978 BV86
  Hauffenia Pollonera 1898 BV86
    |--H. (Hauffenia) BV86
    `--H. (Vrania Radoman 1978) BV86
         `--H. (V.) wagneri (Kuščer 1928) BV86
  Lartetia BV86
    |--L. compacta Boettger 1905 BV86
    |--L. sarana Boettger 1905 BV86
    `--L. sodalis Boettger 1905 BV86
  Pterides Pilsbry 1909 BV86
    |--P. bisinulabris Pilsbry 1909 BV86
    |--P. pterostoma Pilsbry 1909 BV86
    `--P. rhabdus Pilsbry 1909 BV86
  Hadziella Kuščer 1932 BV86
    |--H. anti Schütt 1960 BV86
    |--H. deminuta (Bole 1961) BV86
    |--H. ephippiostoma Kuščer 1932 BV86
    `--H. sketi Bole 1961 BV86
  Avenionia Nicolas 1882 BV86
    |--A. brevis (Draparnaud 1805) BV86
    |    |--A. b. brevis BV86
    |    |--A. b. berenguieri (Bourguignat 1882) BV86
    |    |--A. b. bourguignati (Locard 1884) BV86
    |    `--A. b. roberti Boeters 1967 BV86
    |--A. ligustica Giusti & Bodon 1981 BV86
    `--A. parvula Giusti & Bodon 1981 BV86
  Iglica Wagner 1927 BV86
    |--I. (Iglica) BV86
    `--I. (Rhaphica Schütt 1975) BV86
         |--I. (R.) bagliviaeformis Schütt 1970 BV86
         |--I. (R.) bosnica Schütt 1975 BV86
         |--I. (R.) illyrica Schütt 1975 BV86
         |--I. (R.) maaseni Schütt 1980 BV86
         `--I. (R.) sidariensis Schütt 1980 BV86
  Paladilhia Bourguignat 1865 BV86
    |--P. (Paladilhia) BV86
    |    |--P. (P.) bourguignati Paladilhe 1866 BV86
    |    |--P. (P.) bulimoides (Michaud 1831) BV86
    |    |--P. (P.) moitessieri Bourguignat 1865 BV86
    |    `--P. (P.) pleurotoma Bourguignat 1865 BV86
    `--P. (Spiralix Boeters 1972) BV86
         `--P. (S.) puteana (Coutagne 1883) BV86
  Neohoratia Schütt 1961 BV86
    |--N. coronadoi BV86
    |    |--N. c. coronadoi BV86
    |    `--N. c. schuelei (Boeters 1981) BV86
    |--N. epirana (Schütt 1962) BV86
    |--N. gasulli (Boeters 1981) BV86
    |--N. hadei Gittenberger 1982 BV86
    |--N. minuta (Draparnaud 1805) BV86
    |--N. sturmi (Rosenhauer 1856) BV86
    `--N. subpiscinalis (Kuščer 1932) BV86
  Saxurinator BV86
  Akiyoshia BV86
  Bythiospeum BV86
  Plagigeyeria BV86
  Paladilhiopsis BV86

Nomina nuda: Dalmatella miljackae Bole & Velkovrh 1986 BV86
             Hadziella krkae Bole & Velkovrh 1986 BV86
             Hadziella thermalis Bole & Velkovrh 1986 BV86
             Hadziella umbilicata Bole & Velkovrh 1986 BV86
             Iglica (Rhaphica) karamani Schütt 1975 BV86
             Marstoniopsis vrbasi Bole & Velkovrh 1986 BV86

Isselia semitexta (Hedley 1899) [=Nassa semitexta, Arcularia semitexta, Cantharus semitextus, Stossichia intertexta; incl. Tritonidea seurati Couturier 1907, S. seurati] C75

Nodilittorina (Tectinus) antoni (Philippi 1846) [incl. Echinus nodulosus var. major Usticke 1969] BC01

‘Rissoa’ philippi Aradas & Maggiore 1844 [=R. pusilla Philippi 1836 non Trochus pusillus Brocchi 1814, *Pusillina pusilla] BR17

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BM88] Bieler, R. & P. M. Mikkelsen. 1988. Anatomy and reproductive biology of two western Atlantic species of Vitrinellidae, with a case of protandrous hermaphroditism in the Rissoacea. Nautilus 102 (1): 1–29.

[BV86] Bole, J., & F. Velkovrh. 1986. Mollusca from continental subterranean aquatic habitats. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 177–208. E. J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[B50] Brooks, J. L. 1950. Speciation in ancient lakes (concluded). Quarterly Review of Biology 25: 131–176.

[C64] Carpenter, P. P. 1864. Supplementary report on the present state of our knowledge with regard to the Mollusca of the west coast of North America. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33: 517–686.

[C75] Cernohorsky, W. O. 1975. The taxonomy of some Indo-Pacific Mollusca. Part 3. With descriptions of new taxa and remarks on an Ecuadorian fossil species of Turridae. Records of the Auckland Institute and Museum 12: 213–234.

[CS77] Cramp, S., & K. E. L. Simmons (eds) 1977. Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: The Birds of the Western Palaearctic vol. 1. Ostrich to Ducks. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[G01] Gründel, J. 2001. Neritimorpha und weitere Caenogastropoda (Gastropoda) aus dem Dogger Norddeutschlands und des nordwestlichen Polens. Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, Reihe E 36: 45–99.

[GK02] Gründel, J., & T. Kowalke. 2002. Palaeorissoinidae, a new family of marine and brackish water Rissooidea (Gastropoda, Littorinimorpha). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen 226 (1): 43–57.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45–80.

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Last updated: 16 October 2021.

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