Sarcophaginae

Peckia chrysostoma, copyright G. McCormack.


Belongs within: Oestroidea.
Contains: Boettcheriini, Blaesoxipha, Johnsoniini, Sarcophagini.

The Sarcophaginae are a diverse lineage of flesh flies including necrophagous, coprophagous and parasitoid forms. Most have specific diets but the New World species Sarcodexia lambens has been bred from both live and dead animals and has been known to cause human myiasis (Pape & Dahlem 2010).

Characters (from Pape & Dahlem 2010): Antennal arista usually distinctly plumose; notopleuron usually with subprimary bristles; metasternal area usually setose; hind coxa usually setose posteriorly; coxopleural streak absent; male abdominal sternites 2–4 exposed and overlapping margins of corresponding tergites.

<==Sarcophaginae [Raviniini, Sarcodexiini] PD10
    |--+--Oxysarcodexia KP10 [incl. Hybopygia Enderlein 1928 L59]
    |  |    |--O. avuncula (Lopes 1933) KP10
    |  |    |--O. cingarus S87
    |  |    |--O. timida PD10
    |  |    `--O. varia (Walker 1836) MD13 (see below for synonymy)
    |  `--+--Sinopiella rufopilosa Lopes & Tibana 1982 KP10
    |     `--Notochaetini S87
    |          |--Anolisimyia blakeae S87
    |          `--Notochaeta Aldrich 1916 KP10
    |               `--N. bufonivora [=Lepidodexia (Notochaeta) bufonivora] PD10
    `--+--+--Duckemyia latifrons Kano & Lopes 1969 KP10 [=Lepidodexia (Duckemyia) latifrons PD10]
       |  `--+--Tricharaea Thomson 1868 KP10, L59 (see below for synonymy)
       |     |    |--T. brevicornis (Wiedemann 1830) (see below for synonymy) L59
       |     |    `--T. occidua (Fabricius 1794) KP10
       |     `--Sarothromyiini S87
       |          |--Sarothromyia simplex S87
       |          |--Sarcophagula occidua S87
       |          `--Sarcofahrtiopsis KP10
       |               |--S. cuneata (Townsend 1935) KP10
       |               |--S. farri S87
       |               |--S. jamaicensis BW09
       |               |--S. paterna S87
       |               `--S. thryopteronthos PD10
       `--+--+--Helicobia KP10
          |  |    |  i. s.: H. morionella PD10
          |  |    |--H. rapax (Walker 1849) KP10
          |  |    `--+--H. pilipleura Lopes 1939 KP10
          |  |       `--H. resinata (Hall 1933) KP10
          |  `--+--‘Tricharaea’ femoralis (Schiner 1868) KP10
          |     |--Boettcheriini KP10
          |     `--Engelimyia KP10
          |          |--E. bosqi PD10
          |          `--E. inops (Walker 1849) KP10
          `--+--+--+--Dexosarcophaga transita Townsend 1917 KP10
             |  |  `--+--‘Blaesoxipha’ setosa (Salem 1938) KP10
             |  |     `--Argoravinia KP10 [incl. Raviniopsis PD10]
             |  |          |--A. modesta S87
             |  |          `--A. rufiventris (Wiedemann 1830) KP10
             |  `--Protodexiini [Blaesoxiphini, Servaisiini, Tephromyiini] S87
             |       |  i. s.: Fletcherimyia fletcheri S87
             |       |         Mantidophaga S87
             |       |         Opsophyto opsifera S87
             |       |         Stenaulacotheca spatulata S87
             |       |         Servaisia Robineau-Desvoidy 1863 (see below for synonymy) F92
             |       |           |--S. erythrura (Meigen 1826) (see below for synonymy) F92
             |       |           |--‘Acridiophaga’ aculeata S87
             |       |           |--S. coloradensis S87
             |       |           |--S. cothurnata (Hsue 1978) [=Blaesoxipha (Servaisia) cothurnata] F92
             |       |           |--S. fossoria (Pandell√© 1896) F92
             |       |           |--S. jakovlevi Rohdendorf 1937 F92
             |       |           |--S. mixta (Rohdendorf 1928) [=Blaesoxipha mixta] F92
             |       |           |--S. rossica (Villeneuve 1911) [=Blaesoxipha rossica] F92
             |       |           `--S. subamericana (Rohdendorf 1932) [=Blaesoxipha (Servaisia) subamericana] F92
             |       |         Amblycoryphenes S87
             |       |         Agriella Villeneuve 1911 (see below for synonymy) F92
             |       |           |--*A. pandellei Villeneuve 1911 F92
             |       |           `--A. gobica (Rohdendorf 1928) [=Blaesoxipha gobica] F92
             |       |         Tephromyia Brauer & Bergenstamm 1891 F92
             |       |         Locustaevora Rohdendorf 1928 F92
             |       |--Blaesoxipha KP10
             |       `--+--Chlorosarcophaga Townsend 1919 KP10
             |          `--Spirobolomyia KP10
             |               |--S. flavipalpis (Aldrich 1916) KP10
             |               `--S. singularis S87
             `--+--+--Titanogrypa KP10
                |  |    |--T. larvicida PD10
                |  |    |--T. luculenta (Lopes 1938) KP10
                |  |    `--T. placida PD10
                |  `--Ravinia Robineau-Desvoidy 1863 KP10
                |       |--*R. striata (Fabricius 1794) [=Musca striata; incl. Sarcophaga haematodes Meigen 1826] F92
                |       |--R. acerba S87
                |       |--R. floridensis PD10
                |       `--R. querula T81
                `--+--+--Microcerella PD10 [Microcerellini F92]
                   |  |    `--M. hypopygialis S87
                   |  `--+--Sarcothromyiopsini F92
                   |     `--+--Emblemasoma PD10 [incl. Colcondamyia PD10, Pessoamyia PD10; Emblemasomatini F92]
                   |        |    |--‘Colcondamyia’ auditrix S87
                   |        |    `--E. erro PD10
                   |        `--Impariini F92
                   |             |--Speciosia speciosa S87
                   |             |--Abapa deleta S87
                   |             `--Kellymyia kellyi S87
                   `--+--+--Cucutomyiini F92
                      |  `--Johnsoniini F92
                      `--+--Sarcophagini KP10
                         `--+--+--Sarcodexia KP10
                            |  |    |--S. innota S87
                            |  |    `--S. lambens (Wiedemann 1830) KP10
                            |  `--Villegasia KP10
                            |       |--V. almeidai PD10
                            |       `--V. postuncinata (Hall 1933) KP10
                            `--Peckia KP10
                                 |--+--P. intermutans (Walker 1861) KP10
                                 |  `--Peckiamyia minutipenis (Hall 1937) KP10
                                 `--+--+--P. alvarengai Lopes & Tibana 1982 KP10
                                    |  `--P. collusor (Curran & Walley 1934) KP10
                                    `--+--P. chrysostoma (Wiedemann 1830) KP10
                                       |--P. gulo KP10
                                       `--P. uncinata (Hall 1933) KP10

Sarcophaginae incertae sedis:
  Tripanurga PD10
  Nephochaetopteryx PD10
  Panava inflata PD10
  Wulpisca PD10
  Pacatuba matthewsi PD10
  Tapacura PD10
  Retrocitomyia PD10
  Rettenmeyerina serrata PD10
  Thomazomyia pilipes PD10
  Emdenimyia PD10
    |--E. korytkowskii PD10
    `--E. meyersi PD10
  Malacophagula PD10
  Malacophagomyia PD10
  Comasarcophagini S87
    |--Comasarcophaga texana PD10
    `--Mecynocorpus salvum S87
  Udamopyga niagarana PD10
  Halliosca declinata PD10
  Chrysagria duodecimpunctata S87
  Oxyvinia panamensis PD10
  Hallimyia PD10
  Cistudinomyia cistudinis (Aldrich 1916) S87, K37 [=Sarcophaga cistudinis K37]
  Bellieria [Bellieriini] S87
    `--B. melanura S87
  Cucullomyia pedunculata S87
  Tylomyia S87
  Neophytoini S87
    |--Neophyto setosa S87
    `--Oppiopsis sheldoni S87
  Wohlfartia magnifica RD77

Agriella Villeneuve 1911 [incl. Anablaesoxipha Villeneuve 1928, Asioblaeoxipha Rohdendorf 1937] F92

Oxysarcodexia varia (Walker 1836) MD13 [=Sarcophaga varia MD13, *Hybopygia varia L59; incl. S. milleri Johnston & Tiegs 1922 MD13]

Servaisia Robineau-Desvoidy 1863 [incl. Acridiophaga Townsend 1917, Blaesoxiphomima Verves 1986] F92

Servaisia erythrura (Meigen 1826) [=Sarcophaga erythrura; incl. *Se. erythrocera Robineau-Desvoidy 1863] F92

Tricharaea Thomson 1868 KP10, L59 [incl. Euleucomyia Townsend 1934 L59, Leucoravinia Townsend 1928 L59, Mallonotum Aldrich 1925 L59, Xenagria Blanchard 1939 L59]

Tricharaea brevicornis (Wiedemann 1830) [=Tachina brevicornis, *Mallonotum brevicornis; incl. Dexia albicans Walker 1854, Sarcophaga albicans, Tricharaea albicans, *Euleucomyia australis Townsend 1934, Sarcophaga canescens Thomson 1869, *Xenagria mallogaster Blanchard 1939, Liopyga pellita Townsend 1931, *Leucoravinia quadraticephala Townsend 1928, *Tricharaea scatophagina Thomson 1869] L59

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BW09] Buck, M., N. E. Woodley, A. Borkent, D. M. Wood, T. Pape, J. R. Vockeroth, V. Michelsen & S. A. Marshall. 2009. Key to Diptera families—adults. In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 95–156. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[F92] Fan Z. 1992. Key to the Common Flies of China 2nd ed. Science Press: Beijing.

[K37] Knipling, E. F. 1937. The biology of Sarcophaga cistudinis Aldrich (Diptera), a species of Sarcophagidae parasitic on turtles and tortoises. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 39 (5): 91–101.

[KP10] Kutty, S. N., T. Pape, B. M. Wiegmann & R. Meier. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of the Calyptratae (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha) with an emphasis on the superfamily Oestroidea and the position of Mystacinobiidae and McAlpine's fly. Systematic Entomology 35: 614–635.

[L59] Lopes, H. de S. 1959. A revision of Australian Sarcophagidae (Diptera). Studia Ent. 2 (1–4): 33–67.

[MD13] Meiklejohn, K. A., M. Dowton, T. Pape & J. F. Wallman. 2013. A key to the Australian Sarcophagidae (Diptera) with special emphasis on Sarcophaga (sensu lato). Zootaxa 3680 (1): 148–189.

[PD10] Pape, T., & G. A. Dahlem. 2010. Sarcophagidae (flesh flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1313–1335. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms' General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

[S87] Shewell, G. E. 1987. Sarcophagidae. In: McAlpine, J. F. (ed.) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1159–1186. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[T81] Teskey, H. J. 1981. Key to families—larvae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 125–147. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

Last updated: 19 January 2021.

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