Sarcophaginae

Peckia chrysostoma, copyright G. McCormack.


Belongs within: Oestroidea.
Contains: Boettcheriini, Blaesoxipha, Johnsoniini, Sarcophagini.

The Sarcophaginae are a diverse lineage of flesh flies including necrophagous, coprophagous and parasitoid forms (Pape & Dahlem 2010).

Characters (from Pape & Dahlem 2010): Antennal arista usually distinctly plumose; notopleuron usually with subprimary bristles; metasternal area usually setose; hind coxa usually setose posteriorly; coxopleural streak absent; male abdominal sternites 2–4 exposed and overlapping margins of corresponding tergites.

<==Sarcophaginae [Raviniini, Sarcodexiini] PD10
    |--+--Oxysarcodexia KP10 [incl. Hybopygia Enderlein 1928 L59]
    |  |    |--O. avuncula (Lopes 1933) KP10
    |  |    |--O. cingarus S87
    |  |    |--O. timida PD10
    |  |    `--O. varia (Walker 1836) MD13 (see below for synonymy)
    |  `--+--Sinopiella rufopilosa Lopes & Tibana 1982 KP10
    |     `--Notochaetini S87
    |          |--Notochaeta Aldrich 1916 KP10
    |          |    `--N. bufonivora [=Lepidodexia (Notochaeta) bufonivora] PD10
    |          `--Anolisimyia blakeae S87
    `--+--+--Duckemyia latifrons Kano & Lopes 1969 KP10 [=Lepidodexia (Duckemyia) latifrons PD10]
       |  `--+--Tricharaea Thomson 1868 KP10, L59 (see below for synonymy)
       |     |    |--T. brevicornis (Wiedemann 1830) (see below for synonymy) L59
       |     |    `--T. occidua (Fabricius 1794) KP10
       |     `--Sarothromyiini S87
       |          |--Sarothromyia simplex S87
       |          |--Sarcophagula occidua S87
       |          `--Sarcofahrtiopsis KP10
       |               |--S. cuneata (Townsend 1935) KP10
       |               |--S. farri S87
       |               |--S. jamaicensis BW09
       |               |--S. paterna S87
       |               `--S. thryopteronthos PD10
       `--+--+--Helicobia KP10
          |  |    |  i. s.: H. morionella PD10
          |  |    |--H. rapax (Walker 1849) KP10
          |  |    `--+--H. pilipleura Lopes 1939 KP10
          |  |       `--H. resinata (Hall 1933) KP10
          |  `--+--‘Tricharaea’ femoralis (Schiner 1868) KP10
          |     |--Boettcheriini KP10
          |     `--Engelimyia KP10
          |          |--E. bosqi PD10
          |          `--E. inops (Walker 1849) KP10
          `--+--+--+--Dexosarcophaga transita Townsend 1917 KP10
             |  |  `--+--‘Blaesoxipha’ setosa (Salem 1938) KP10
             |  |     `--Argoravinia KP10 [incl. Raviniopsis PD10]
             |  |          |--A. modesta S87
             |  |          `--A. rufiventris (Wiedemann 1830) KP10
             |  `--Protodexiini [Blaesoxiphini, Servaisiini, Tephromyiini] S87
             |       |  i. s.: Fletcherimyia fletcheri S87
             |       |         Mantidophaga S87
             |       |         Opsophyto opsifera S87
             |       |         Stenaulacotheca spatulata S87
             |       |         Servaisia Robineau-Desvoidy 1863 (see below for synonymy) F92
             |       |           |--S. erythrura (Meigen 1826) (see below for synonymy) F92
             |       |           |--‘Acridiophaga’ aculeata S87
             |       |           |--S. coloradensis S87
             |       |           |--S. cothurnata (Hsue 1978) [=Blaesoxipha (Servaisia) cothurnata] F92
             |       |           |--S. fossoria (Pandell√© 1896) F92
             |       |           |--S. jakovlevi Rohdendorf 1937 F92
             |       |           |--S. mixta (Rohdendorf 1928) [=Blaesoxipha mixta] F92
             |       |           |--S. rossica (Villeneuve 1911) [=Blaesoxipha rossica] F92
             |       |           `--S. subamericana (Rohdendorf 1932) [=Blaesoxipha (Servaisia) subamericana] F92
             |       |         Amblycoryphenes S87
             |       |         Agriella Villeneuve 1911 (see below for synonymy) F92
             |       |           |--*A. pandellei Villeneuve 1911 F92
             |       |           `--A. gobica (Rohdendorf 1928) [=Blaesoxipha gobica] F92
             |       |         Tephromyia Brauer & Bergenstamm 1891 F92
             |       |         Locustaevora Rohdendorf 1928 F92
             |       |--Blaesoxipha KP10
             |       `--+--Chlorosarcophaga Townsend 1919 KP10
             |          `--Spirobolomyia KP10
             |               |--S. flavipalpis (Aldrich 1916) KP10
             |               `--S. singularis S87
             `--+--+--Titanogrypa KP10
                |  |    |--T. larvicida PD10
                |  |    |--T. luculenta (Lopes 1938) KP10
                |  |    `--T. placida PD10
                |  `--Ravinia Robineau-Desvoidy 1863 KP10
                |       |--*R. striata (Fabricius 1794) [=Musca striata; incl. Sarcophaga haematodes Meigen 1826] F92
                |       |--R. acerba S87
                |       |--R. floridensis PD10
                |       `--R. querula T81
                `--+--+--Microcerella PD10 [Microcerellini F92]
                   |  |    `--M. hypopygialis S87
                   |  `--+--Sarcothromyiopsini F92
                   |     `--+--Emblemasoma PD10 [incl. Colcondamyia PD10, Pessoamyia PD10; Emblemasomatini F92]
                   |        |    |--‘Colcondamyia’ auditrix S87
                   |        |    `--E. erro PD10
                   |        `--Impariini F92
                   |             |--Speciosia speciosa S87
                   |             |--Abapa deleta S87
                   |             `--Kellymyia kellyi S87
                   `--+--+--Cucutomyiini F92
                      |  `--Johnsoniini F92
                      `--+--Sarcophagini KP10
                         `--+--+--Sarcodexia KP10
                            |  |    |--S. innota S87
                            |  |    `--S. lambens (Wiedemann 1830) KP10
                            |  `--Villegasia KP10
                            |       |--V. almeidai PD10
                            |       `--V. postuncinata (Hall 1933) KP10
                            `--Peckia KP10
                                 |--+--P. intermutans (Walker 1861) KP10
                                 |  `--Peckiamyia minutipenis (Hall 1937) KP10
                                 `--+--+--P. alvarengai Lopes & Tibana 1982 KP10
                                    |  `--P. collusor (Curran & Walley 1934) KP10
                                    `--+--P. chrysostoma (Wiedemann 1830) KP10
                                       |--P. gulo KP10
                                       `--P. uncinata (Hall 1933) KP10

Sarcophaginae incertae sedis:
  Tripanurga PD10
  Nephochaetopteryx PD10
  Panava inflata PD10
  Wulpisca PD10
  Pacatuba matthewsi PD10
  Tapacura PD10
  Retrocitomyia PD10
  Rettenmeyerina serrata PD10
  Thomazomyia pilipes PD10
  Emdenimyia PD10
    |--E. korytkowskii PD10
    `--E. meyersi PD10
  Malacophagula PD10
  Malacophagomyia PD10
  Comasarcophagini S87
    |--Comasarcophaga texana PD10
    `--Mecynocorpus salvum S87
  Udamopyga niagarana PD10
  Halliosca declinata PD10
  Chrysagria duodecimpunctata S87
  Oxyvinia panamensis PD10
  Hallimyia PD10
  Cistudinomyia cistudinis (Aldrich 1916) S87, K37 [=Sarcophaga cistudinis K37]
  Bellieria [Bellieriini] S87
    `--B. melanura S87
  Cucullomyia pedunculata S87
  Tylomyia S87
  Neophytoini S87
    |--Neophyto setosa S87
    `--Oppiopsis sheldoni S87

Agriella Villeneuve 1911 [incl. Anablaesoxipha Villeneuve 1928, Asioblaeoxipha Rohdendorf 1937] F92

Oxysarcodexia varia (Walker 1836) MD13 [=Sarcophaga varia MD13, *Hybopygia varia L59; incl. S. milleri Johnston & Tiegs 1922 MD13]

Servaisia Robineau-Desvoidy 1863 [incl. Acridiophaga Townsend 1917, Blaesoxiphomima Verves 1986] F92

Servaisia erythrura (Meigen 1826) [=Sarcophaga erythrura; incl. *Se. erythrocera Robineau-Desvoidy 1863] F92

Tricharaea Thomson 1868 KP10, L59 [incl. Euleucomyia Townsend 1934 L59, Leucoravinia Townsend 1928 L59, Mallonotum Aldrich 1925 L59, Xenagria Blanchard 1939 L59]

Tricharaea brevicornis (Wiedemann 1830) [=Tachina brevicornis, *Mallonotum brevicornis; incl. Dexia albicans Walker 1854, Sarcophaga albicans, Tricharaea albicans, *Euleucomyia australis Townsend 1934, Sarcophaga canescens Thomson 1869, *Xenagria mallogaster Blanchard 1939, Liopyga pellita Townsend 1931, *Leucoravinia quadraticephala Townsend 1928, *Tricharaea scatophagina Thomson 1869] L59

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BW09] Buck, M., N. E. Woodley, A. Borkent, D. M. Wood, T. Pape, J. R. Vockeroth, V. Michelsen & S. A. Marshall. 2009. Key to Diptera families—adults. In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 95–156. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[F92] Fan Z. 1992. Key to the Common Flies of China 2nd ed. Science Press: Beijing.

[K37] Knipling, E. F. 1937. The biology of Sarcophaga cistudinis Aldrich (Diptera), a species of Sarcophagidae parasitic on turtles and tortoises. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 39 (5): 91–101.

[KP10] Kutty, S. N., T. Pape, B. M. Wiegmann & R. Meier. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of the Calyptratae (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha) with an emphasis on the superfamily Oestroidea and the position of Mystacinobiidae and McAlpine's fly. Systematic Entomology 35: 614–635.

[L59] Lopes, H. de S. 1959. A revision of Australian Sarcophagidae (Diptera). Studia Ent. 2 (1–4): 33–67.

[MD13] Meiklejohn, K. A., M. Dowton, T. Pape & J. F. Wallman. 2013. A key to the Australian Sarcophagidae (Diptera) with special emphasis on Sarcophaga (sensu lato). Zootaxa 3680 (1): 148–189.

[PD10] Pape, T., & G. A. Dahlem. 2010. Sarcophagidae (flesh flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1313–1335. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[S87] Shewell, G. E. 1987. Sarcophagidae. In: McAlpine, J. F. (ed.) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1159–1186. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[T81] Teskey, H. J. 1981. Key to families—larvae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 125–147. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

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