Pisciformia

Female Baetis subimago, copyright Jason Neuswanger.


Belongs within: Ephemeroptera.
Contains: Heptageniomorpha, Siphlonuroidea.

The Pisciformia are a group of mayflies characterised by nymphs with a fish-like body form and swimming mode. They include the infraorder Baetomorpha, members of which have fore wings with the tornal angle distad to CuP and nymphal maxillae with three dentisetae (Kluge & Sinitshenkova 2002).

See also: Everything you knew about mayflies is wrong.

<==Pisciformia
    |--+--+--Aenigmephemera RJ93 [Aenigmephemeridae GE05]
    |  |  |    `--A. demoulini RJ93
    |  |  `--Heptageniomorpha GE05
    |  `--Epeoromimidae [Epeoromididae] GE05
    |       |--Foliomimus S02a
    |       `--Epeoromimus Tshernova 1969 S02b
    |            |--E. cretaceous Sinitshenkova 1976 S02b
    |            |--E. infractus Sinitshenkova 1989 S02b
    |            |--E. kazlauskasi KS02
    |            `--E. umbratus Sinitshenkova 2002 S02b
    `--Baetomorpha [Tridentiseta] KS02
         |--Siphlonuroidea GE05
         `--Baetoidea [Tetramerotarsata] KS02
              |  i. s.: Oniscigastridae [Oniscigastrini] PC91
              |           |--Oniscigaster distans PC66
              |           `--Tasmanophlebia PC91
              |                |--T. lacuscoerulei PC91
              |                |--T. lacustris PC91
              |                `--T. nigrescens PC91
              |         Ameletopsidae [Ameletopsinae, Ameletopsini] PC91
              |           |--Ameletopsis perscitus PC66
              |           |--Mirawara aapta PC91, K-P83
              |           |--Chaquihua D68
              |           `--Balticophlebia Demoulin 1968 D68
              |                `--*B. hennigi Demoulin 1968 D68
              |--Siphlaenigma KS02
              `--Liberevenata KS02
                   |  i. s.: Palaeocloeon KS02
                   `--Baetidae [Baetinae, Turbanoculata] KS02
                        |--Centroptilum rotundum Takahashi 1929 TYM08
                        |--Bungona narilla PC91
                        |--Pseudocloeon PC91
                        |--Cloeon KS02
                        |    |--C. dipterum A99
                        |    |--C. emmavillensis Riek 1954 F71
                        |    |--C. fluviatile PC91
                        |    |--C. inscriptum PC91
                        |    |--‘Cloe’ litura F89
                        |    `--‘Cloe’ translucida B89
                        `--Baetis M86
                             |--B. amoenus Takahashi 1931 [=Boetis (l. c.) amoenus] TYM08
                             |--B. fluminum F89
                             |--B. gigantea RJ93
                             |--B. lutheri M86
                             |--B. magnus Takahashi 1931 TYM08
                             |--B. soror PC91
                             |--B. vardarensis Ikonomov 1962 M86
                             `--B. venosa F89

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A99] Ax, P. 1999. Das System der Metazoa II. Ein Lehrbuch der phylogenetischen Systematik. Gustav Fisher Verlag: Stuttgart (transl. 2000. Multicellular Animals: The phylogenetic system of the Metazoa vol. 2. Springer).

[D68] Demoulin, G. 1968. Deuxième contribution à la connaissance des ephéméroptères de l'ambre oligocène de la Baltique. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift (N. F.) 15 (1–3): 233–276.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[F89] Fritze, A. 1889. Ueber den Darmkanal der Ephemeriden. Berichte der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft zu Freiburg I. B. 4: 59–82, pls 52–53.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[KS02] Kluge, N. Yu., & N. D. Sinitshenkova. 2002. Order Ephemerida Latreille, 1810. The true mayflies (=Ephemeroptera Hyatt et Arms, 1891 (s. l.); =Euephemeroptera Kluge, 2000. In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 89–97. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[K-P83] Kukalová-Peck, J. 1983. Origin of the insect wing and wing articulation from the arthropodan leg. Canadian Journal of Zoology 61: 1618–1669.

[M86] Marten, M. 1986. Drei für Deutschland neue und weitere, selten gefundene Eintagsfliegen aus der Fulda (Insecta, Ephemeroptera). Spixiana 9 (2): 169–173.

[PC66] Pendergrast, J. G., & D. R. Cowley. 1966. An Introduction to New Zealand Freshwater Insects. Collins: Auckland.

[PC91] Peters, W. L., & I. C. Campbell. 1991. Ephemeroptera (mayflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 279–293. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[RJ93] Ross, A. J., & E. A. Jarzembowski. 1993. Arthropoda (Hexapoda; Insecta). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 363–426. Chapman & Hall: London.

[S02a] Sinitshenkova, N. D. 2002a. Ecological history of the aquatic insects. In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 388–426. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[S02b] Sinitshenkova, N. D. 2002b. New late Mesozoic mayflies from the Shar-Teeg locality, Mongolia (Insecta, Ephemerida=Ephemeroptera). Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 2002 (3): 43–48 (transl. Paleontological Journal 36 (3): 270–276).

[TYM08] Tennent, W. J., M. Yasuda & K. Morimoto. 2008. Lansania Journal of arachnology and zoology—a rare and obscure Japanese natural history journal. Archives of Natural History 35 (2): 252–280.

Last updated: 6 February 2019.

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