Stromatoporoidea

Sectioned specimen of Parallelostroma typicum, from fossilid.info.


Belongs within: Animalia.

The Stromatoporoidea are a (possibly polyphyletic) group of sessile animals known from the Palaeozoic, generally assumed to be sponges. They are characterised by the production of a massive skeleton composed of calcareous laminae connected by vertical pillars.

<==Stromatoporoidea
    |--Labechiida D84
    |    |  i. s.: Labechia Edwards & Haime 1851 D82
    |    |           `--L. changchiuensis Ozaki 1938 D82
    |    `--Rosenellidae D84
    |         |--Rosenella Nicholson 1886 D82
    |         |    `--R. woyuensis Ozaki 1938 D82
    |         `--Pseudostylodictyon Ozaki 1938 D84
    |              |--*P. poshanense Ozaki 1938 D84
    |              `--P. simplex Mori 1969 D84
    |--Clathrodictyida D84
    |    |--Intexodictyon Yavorsky 1963 [Tienodictyidae] D84
    |    |    |--I. crassum Dong & Yang 1978 D84
    |    |    `--I. neimongolense Dong 1984 D84
    |    |--Ecclimadictyidae D84
    |    |    |--Ecclimadictyon Nestor 1964 D84
    |    |    |    `--E. microvesiculosum D84
    |    |    `--Plexodictyon Nestor 1966 D84
    |    |         |--P. savaliense (Riabinin 1953) [=Clathrodictyon savaliense] D84
    |    |         `--P. siluricum Dong 1984 D84
    |    `--Clathrodictyon Nicholson & Murie 1878 [Clathrodictyidae] D84
    |         |--C. conophoroides Etheridge 1921 F71
    |         |--C. convictum Yavorsky 1929 [=Simplexodictyon convictum] D84
    |         |--C. linnarssoni Nicholson 1887 [incl. C. microtuberculatum Riabinin 1951] D84
    |         |--C. microstriatellum Riabinin 1953 D84
    |         |--C. neimongolense Dong 1984 D84
    |         `--C. simplex (Nestor 1966) [=Simplexodictyon simplex] D84
    |--Actinostromatida D84
    |    |--Actinostromatidae D84
    |    |    |--Gerronostroma Yavorsky 1931 D84
    |    |    |    `--G. concentricum Yavorsky 1931 D84
    |    |    `--Actinostroma D84
    |    |         |--A. australe F71
    |    |         `--A. subclathratum Etheridge 1918 F71
    |    `--Densastromatidae D84
    |         |--Pycnodictyon Mori 1970 D84
    |         |    `--*P. densum Mori 1970 D84
    |         |--Actinostromella Boehnke 1915 D84
    |         |    |--*A. tubulata Boehnke 1915 D84
    |         |    `--A. slitensis Mori 1969 D84
    |         `--Densastroma Fl├╝gel 1959 D84
    |              |--*D. astroites (Rosen 1867) [=Stromatopora astroites] D84
    |              |--D. podolicum (Yavorsky 1929) [=Actinostroma podolicum] D84
    |              `--D. sociale (Riabinin 1953) [=Actinostroma sociale] D84
    `--Stromatoporida D84
         |--Syringostromellidae D84
         |    |--Syringostromella Nestor 1966 D84
         |    |    |--S. borealis (Nicholson 1891) [=Stromatopora borealis; incl. St. paadla Riabinin 1951] D84
         |    |    `--S. neimongolensis Dong 1984 D84
         |    `--Hexastylostroma Dong 1984 D84
         |         |--*H. neimongolense Dong 1984 D84
         |         `--H. pachytextum Dong 1984 D84
         `--Stromatoporidae D84
              |--Stromatopora Goldfuss 1826 D84
              |    |--S. carteri Nicholson 1886 D84
              |    `--S. impexa Nestor 1966 D84
              |--Climacostroma Yang & Dong 1979 D84
              |    |--C. facetum Yang & Dong 1979 D84
              |    `--C. gexiaomiaoense Dong 1984 D84
              `--Parallelostroma Nestor 1966 D84
                   |--P. typicum (Rosen 1867) [=Stromatopora typica] D84
                   |--P. constellatum (Hall 1852) [=Stromatopora constellata] D84
                   |--P. gracilentubum Dong 1984 D84
                   |--P. kaugatomicum (Riabinin 1951) [=Stromatopora kaugatomica] D84
                   |--P. laminatum Dong 1984 D84
                   |--P. pseudotuberculatum D84
                   `--P. rondoutense Stock 1979 D84

Stromatoporoidea incertae sedis:
  Keega VH01
  Clathrocoilona spissa W98
  Cystistroma Etheridge 1895 D82
    |--*C. donnellii (Etheridge 1895) [=Labechia (Cystistroma) donnellii] D82
    |--C. canadense (Nicholson & Murie 1878) [=Stromatocerium canadense, Labechia canadensis] D82
    `--‘Stromatocerium’ sakuense Nestor 1964 D82
  Cryptophragmus Raymond 1914 D82
    |--*C. antiquatus Raymond 1914 D82
    |--C. magnus Dong 1982 D82
    |--C. suxianensis Dong 1982 D82
    `--C. xiaoxianensis Dong 1982 D82
  Aulacera Plummer 1843 D82
    |--*A. plummeri Galloway 1957 D82
    `--A. cylindrica (Foerste 1909) [=Beatricea undulata cylindrica] D82
  Ludictyon Ozaki 1938 D82
    `--L. vesiculosum Ozaki 1938 D82
  Amphipora australasica Etheridge 1917 F71
  Stachyodes dendroidea Etheridge 1918 F71
  Stromatoporella F71
    |--S. bensoni Dun 1918 F71
    `--S. kimberleyensis Etheridge 1918 F71

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[D82] Dong D.-Y. 1982. Lower Ordovician stromatoporoids of northern Anhui. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica 21 (5): 577-583.

[D84] Dong D.-Y. 1984. Silurian and Lower Devonian stromatoporoids from Darhan Mumingan Joint Banner, Inner Mongolia. In Silurian and Devonian Rocks and Faunas of the Bateaobao Area in Darhan Mumingan Joint Banner, Inner Mongolia (Li W.-G., Rong J.-Y. & Dong D.-Y., eds.) pp. 57-77. The People's Publishing House of Inner Mongolia.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1-167.

[VH01] Vachard, D., M. Hauser, R. Martini, L. Zaninetti, A. Matter & T. Peters. 2001. New algae and problematica of algal affinity from the Permian of the Aseelah Unit of the Batain Plain (East Oman). Geobios 34 (4): 375-404.

[W98] Wood, R. 1998. The ecological evolution of reefs. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 29: 179-206.

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