Ophiopeza spinosa, copyright Moorea Biocode.

Belongs within: Ophiurida.

The Ophiodermatidae are a group of brittle stars with the relatively stout arms inserted laterally and firmly fused with the disc (Spencer & Wright 1966).

Characters (from Spencer & Wright 1966): Arms inserted laterally and firmly fused with disc, moderately long, stout, widest at base. Granules cover disc scales of both surfaces and commonly jaws also. Unpaired infradental papillae at apex of each jaw.

Ophiodermatidae [Ophiarachnidae]
    |--Cryptopelta Clark 1909 [incl. Ophiodyscrita Clark 1938] SW66
    |    `--*C. aster (Lyman 1879) [=Ophiopeza aster] SW66
    |--Ophiarachna Müller & Troschel 1842 SW66
    |    `--*O. incrassata (Lamarck 1816) [=Ophiura incrassata] SW66
    |--Ophiochasma Grube 1868 [incl. Ophiopinax Bell 1884] SW66
    |    `--O. stellata (Ljungman 1867) [=Ophiarachna stellata; incl. *Ophiochasma adspersa Grube 1868] SW66
    |--Ophiopsammus Lütken 1869 MG-H11, SW66
    |    `--O. assimilis (Bell 1888) MG-H11
    |--Bathypectinura Clark 1909 SW66
    |    `--*B. lacertosa (Lyman 1883) [=Pectinura lacertosa] SW66
    |--Diopederma Clark 1913 SW66
    |    `--*D. daniana (Verrill 1867) [=Ophiura daniana] SW66
    |--Distichophis Ely 1942 SW66
    |    `--*D. clarki Ely 1942 SW66
    |--Ophiochaeta Lütken 1869 SW66
    |    `--*O. hirsuta Lütken 1869 SW66
    |--Ophioclastus Murakami 1943 SW66
    |    `--*O. hataii Murakami 1943 SW66
    |--Ophiocormus Clark 1915 [incl. Ophiostegastus Murakami 1944] SW66
    |    `--*O. notabilis Clark 1915 SW66
    |--Ophiocryptus Clark 1915 SW66
    |    `--*O. maculosus Clark 1915 SW66
    |--Ophioncus Ives 1889 SW66
    |    `--*O. granulosus Ives 1889 SW66
    |--Ophiopaepale Ljungman 1871 SW66
    |    `--*O. goesiana Ljungman 1871 SW66
    |--Ophiopetra Hess 1962 SW66
    |    `--*O. lithographica Hess 1962 SW66
    |--Ophiopezella Ljungman 1871 SW66
    |    `--*O. spinosa (Ljungman 1867) [=Ophiarachna spinosa] SW66
    |--Ophiurochaeta Matsumoto 1915 SW66
    |    `--*O. mixta (Lyman 1878) [=Ophiochaeta mixta] SW66
    |--Ophiuroconis Matsumoto 1915 SW66
    |    `--*O. monolepis Matsumoto 1915 SW66
    |--Ophiurodon Matsumoto 1915 SW66
    |    `--*O. grandisquama (Koehler 1904) [=Ophioconis grandisquama] SW66
    |--Schizoderma Nielsen 1932 SW66
    |    `--*S. diplax Nielsen 1932 SW66
    |--Toporkovia Djakonov 1954 SW66
    |    `--*T. fragilis Djakonov 1954 SW66
    |--Ophioderma Müller & Troschel 1840 SW66
    |    |--*O. longicauda (Retzius 1805) [=Asterias longicauda] SW66
    |    `--O. brevispinum F67
    |--Pectinura Forbes 1843 SW66
    |    |--*P. vestita Forbes 1843 SW66
    |    `--P. cylindrica F67
    |--Ophioconis Lütken 1869 SW66
    |    |--*O. forbesi (Heller 1862) [=Pectinura forbesi] SW66
    |    `--O. opacum (Clark 1928) MG-H11
    |--Ophiarachnella Ljungman 1872 SW66
    |    |--*O. gorgonia (Müller & Troschel 1842) [=Ophiarachna gorgonia] SW66
    |    `--O. septemspinosa (Müller & Troschel 1842) BM09
    |--Palaeocoma d’Orbigny 1850 SW66
    |    |--*P. milleri (Phillips 1829) [=Ophiura milleri] SW66
    |    `--P. escheri SW66
    `--Ophiopeza Peters 1851 SW66
         |--*O. fallax Peters 1851 SW66
         |--O. cylindrica (Hutton 1872) MG-H11
         `--O. spinosa (Ljungman 1867) MG-H11

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BM09] Bryce, C., & L. Marsh. 2009. Echinodermata (Asteroidea, Echinoidea and Holothuroidea) of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 209–220.

[F67] Fell, H. B. 1967. Echinoderm ontogeny. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt S. Echinodermata 1. General characters. Homalozoa—Crinozoa (except Crinoidea) vol. 1 pp. S60–S85. The Geological Society of America, Inc., and The University of Kansas: Lawrence (Kansas).

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[SW66] Spencer, W. K., & C. W. Wright. 1966. Asterozoans. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on invertebrate Paleontology pt U. Echinodermata 3 vol. 1 pp. U4–U107. The Geological Society of America, Inc., and The University of Kansas Press.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS