Cerapachys

Cerapachys augustae, copyright Alex Wild.


Belongs within: Formicidae.

Cerapachys is a genus of ants that are specialist predators of the brood of other ants (Heterick 2009).

Characters (from Heterick 2009): Abdominal segments III–VII with divisions smoothly joined, so abdominal outline is even; abdominal segments V–VII with spiracles visible; dorsum of pygidium flattened, margins of flattened area armed with a series of denticles or short spines.

<==Cerapachys Smith 1857 FT08 [incl. Lioponera Mayr 1878 B03]
    |  i. s.: *C. antennatus B03
    |         C. aitkeni Forel 1900 B03
    |         C. angustatus H09
    |         C. bicolor H09
    |         C. biroi Forel 1907 FT08
    |         C. brevicollis H09
    |         C. brevis H09
    |         C. clarki H09
    |         C. constrictus H09
    |         C. crawleyi N-ZLI11
    |         C. davisi WW90
    |         C. edentatus [=Syscia edentata] H09
    |         C. elegans H09
    |         C. fervidus H09
    |         C. flammeus H09
    |         C. fossulatus Forel 1895 B03
    |         C. gilesi H09
    |         C. greavesi H09
    |         C. incontentus H09
    |         C. latus H09
    |         C. longitarsus (Mayr 1879) FT08 [=*Lioponera longitarsus B03, H09]
    |         C. mullewanus H09
    |         C. nigriventris H09
    |         ‘Lioponera’ parva Forel 1900 B03
    |         C. picipes H09
    |         C. princeps H09
    |         C. punctatissimus H09
    |         C. risii Forel 1892 B03
    |         C. ruficornis H09
    |         C. simmonsae H09
    |         C. sjostedti H09
    |         C. sulcinodis Emery 1889 E89
    |         C. varians H09
    |--+--C. augustae BS06
    |  `--Simopone marleyi BS06
    `--+--C. larvatus BS06
       `--Sphinctomyrmex Mayr 1866 BS06, B03
            |--*S. stali B03
            |--S. emeryi H09
            |--S. furcatus (Emery 1894) [=Eusphinctus furcatus] B03
            |--S. imbecilis H09
            |--S. occidentalis H09
            |--S. stenheili BS06
            `--S. taylori Forel 1900 B03

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B03] Bingham, C. T. 1903. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera. Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-Wasps. Taylor and Francis: London.

[BS06] Brady, S. G., T. R. Schultz, B. L. Fisher & P. S. Ward. 2006. Evaluating alternative hypotheses for the early evolution and diversification of ants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 103 (48): 18172–18177.

[E89] Emery, C. 1889. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine. XX.—Formiche di Birmania e del Tenasserim raccolte da Leonardo Fea (1885–87). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a 7: 485–520.

[FT08] Framenau, V. W., & M. L. Thomas. 2008. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean): identification and distribution. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (1): 45–85.

[H09] Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of south-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 76: 1–206.

[N-ZLI11] Nur-Zati A. M., G. T. Lim & A. B. Idris. 2011. Checklist of ants of selected hill dipterocarp forests of peninsular Malaysia. Serangga 16 (1): 91–105.

[WW90] Wheeler, G. C., & J. Wheeler. 1990. Insecta: Hymenoptera Formicidae. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 1277–1294. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

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