Winter heath Erica carnea, copyright H. Zell.

Belongs within: Ericaceae.

The Ericeae are a group of trees and shrubs with ericoid leaves and flowers with gradually tapered styles and often a persistent corolla (Kron et al. 2002).

Characters (from Kron et al. 2002): Shrubs to trees. Leaves evergreen, 3- or 4(6)-whorled, rarely decussate or alternate, ericoid, revolute in bud. Leaf epidermal cells not lignified. Indumentum of unbranched or branched, glandular to non-glandular hairs. Inflorescence racemose to umbellate, at end of branch; bract always present, on the main axis or partially recaulescent to fully recaulescent forming the abaxial lobe of calyx; bracteoles lacking, solitary, or paired, usually fully recaulescent as the lateral lobes of calyx, rarely more than 2. Flowers usually 4-merous, actinomorphic. Calyx lobes 1–4(–5), or lacking, variable in size, persistent; corolla sympetalous, urceolate, cylindric, or campanulate, the lobes more or less small, usually persistent. Stamens (3–)8(–10), sometimes exserted, the filaments straight to S-shaped, distinct or connate, unicellular-pubescent or smooth; anthers variably roughened, with or without a pair of dorsal appendages, dehiscing by terminal pores. Pollen without viscin threads. Ovary (1–)4(–8)-locular, with axile placentation, superior; style gradually tapered or impressed; stigma truncate, capitate, peltate, cup-shaped, funnel-shaped, or strongly 4-lobed, considerably enlarged in wind pollinated species. Fruit a loculicidal capsule, indehiscent pod, or drupe; seeds with variable testa cells; embryo with 2 cotyledons.

<==Ericeae (see below for synonymy)
    |  i. s.: Eleutherostemon S56
    |--Daboecia KJ02
    |    |--D. cantabrica KJ02
    |    `--D. polifolia [incl. Erica daboecia] C55a
    `--+--Calluna vulgaris KJ02
       `--Erica KJ02 [incl. Syndesmanthus H03, Thoracosperma H03]
            |--‘Philippia’ abyssinica H03
            |--E. arborea H03
            |--E. australis KJ02
            |--E. calcareophila H03
            |--E. carnea Linnaeus 1753 CD07
            |--E. cerinthoides H03
            |--E. cinerea R-RR-GM-S98
            |--E. coccinea H03
            |--E. lusitanica BS01
            |--E. manipuliflora Salisbury 1802 PL04
            |--E. mariae H03
            |--E. multiflora H03
            |--E. oblongiflora H03
            |--E. occulta H03
            |--E. petrophila H03
            |--E. ribisaria H03
            |--E. scoparia C55b
            |--E. sicula KJ02
            |--E. spiculifolia KJ02
            |--E. subdivaricata H03
            |--E. tetralix KJ02
            |--E. trichostigma H03
            |--E. urna-viridis H03
            `--E. viridiflora KJ02

Ericeae [Calluneae, Daboecieae, Eleutherostemoneae, Eleutherostemones, Eleutherostemoninae, Ericinae, Salaxideae, Salaxidinae]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BS01] Bannister, P., & G. L. Strong. 2001. The distribution and population structure of the temperate mistletoe Ileostylus micranthus in the Northern Cemetery, Dunedin, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 39: 225–233.

[C55a] Candolle, A. de. 1855a. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 1. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C55b] Candolle, A. de. 1855b. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1–E44.

[H03] Heads, M. 2003. Ericaceae in Malesia: vicariance biogeography, terrane tectonics and ecology. Telopea 10 (1): 311–449.

[KJ02] Kron, K. A., W. S. Judd, P. F. Stevens, D. M. Crayn, A. A. Anderberg, P. A. Gadek, C. J. Quinn & J. L. Luteyn. 2002. Phylogenetic classification of Ericaceae: Molecular and morphological evidence. Botanical Review 68: 335–423.

[PL04] Pohl, G., & I. Lenski. 2004. Zur Verbreitung und Vergesellschaftung von Pennisetum orientale Rich. in Nordeuböa (Griechenland) (Poaceae, Paniceae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 83 (2): 209–223.

[R-RR-GM-S98] Ramil-Rego, P., M. Rodríguez-Guitián & C. Muñoz-Sobrino. 1998. Sclerophyllous vegetation dynamics in the north of the Iberian peninsula during the last 16,000 years. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters 7: 335–351.

[S56] Smith, A. C. 1956. Studies of South American plants, XVI. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 46 (4): 113–115.

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